Carnamah Post Office
Australian 5d Stamp  Imperial Post Office Scales   PMG Telephone Exchange Timer   Robert Palfreyman   Metric Postal Weights  Postmaster General's Department Uniform Button   Linesmen's Shed Sign
Plans for the New Post Office at Carnamah
For many years letters to and from Carnamah were collected and delivered by a mailman who travelled between Perth and Geraldton on a horse.

Following the completion of the Midland Railway in 1894 the mail travelled on trains. It was then managed by the Macpherson family from an outbuilding of their homestead Carnamah House.

The post office was later moved to the railway station, two different general stores and then to a rented building. In the 1920s the population of Carnamah rapidly increased and this resulted in more letters, parcels and telegrams. The people of Carnamah needed a proper postal service and in 1925 began campaigning for an official post office building.
Upon Completion in 1932

"It is an attractive and commodious brick building, excellently appointed within. It gives to Carnamah postal facilities enjoyed by very few country towns of equal size."


-- The Carnamah-Three Springs Times & Arrino Advertiser
Carnamah Post Office in 1932
First Envelope from the Carnamah Post Office
The very first letter!

Federal senator Patrick J. Lynch officially opened the post office on 30 June 1932. After unlocking the door the first letter was posted to Richard Robertson, the chairman of the Carnamah District Road Board.

The post office also included Carnamah's telephone exchange prior to telephones becoming automatic. Operators working at the exchange had to manually connect and end all local calls by moving plugs and switches.
Carnamah Post Office on Opening Day in 1932
Carnamah Post Office on Opening Day
"Twenty years ago the land was the undisturbed home of the kangaroo and emu; now it is the scene of many happy homes. Immense strides have been made of late years in the way of bringing people into closer communication with each other. The old settlers had to wait for long periods before receiving a message from their relatives, but it was now possible to communicate with the ends of the earth in a few seconds with very little trouble.”  -- Senator Patrick J. Lynch at the opening in 1932
Right:  Complimentary Dinner booklet

The building and opening of the official post office in Carnamah was a significant occasion in the district's history.

The Carnamah District Road Board celebrated with a dinner at the Carnamah Hotel on the evening of the opening. They invited visiting government officials and representatives of local organisations and neighbouring districts.

The celebratory dinner was enjoyed so much that Capt. John W. Jones of Marchagee suggested they arrange a raiding party to demolish the new post office -- so they'd get to enjoy another dinner!

Below:  Menu and toast list from the Complimentary Dinner booklet
Complimentary Dinner for the Carnamah Post Office
Menu & Toast List from Opening of the Carnamah Post Office in 1932
Right:  Mail porter Robert Palfreyman

Mail had to be carted between the post office and railway station multiple times each week. For many years this task was contracted to the local carrier.

"They had a carrier in town – a chap by the name of Bob Palfreyman. He had an old horse and cart he used to do the carrying with. I was always amazed. After he had delivered his stores up the street, he’d walk down the footpath to the railway station and his horse would walk down the road alongside him. He’d go up the south side of the war memorial and the horse would go up the north side. He’d just walk up the steps of the station which had a porch and a waiting room, and this horse would go up, turn around and back into the platform." – Donald E. Reynolds
Agreement to Porter Mails


Robert Palfreyman
1932 Imperial Balance Scales

Larger letters and small parcels were placed on the right side and weights on the left. Weights were added and removed until the two sides of the scales balanced - which then revealed that the letter or parcel weighed as much as the weights on the other side.

Like today, the weight of an item was used to calculate postage charges.
Imperial Post Office Scales
1973 Metric Weights

The above scales were used at the post office from its opening in 1932 using imperial weights that measured in pounds and ounces. New scales were used from 1973 that used metric weights, which are in kilograms and grams.
Metric Post Office Weights
Australian Automatic Weighing Machine Company Weighing Machine
Penny-in-the-Slot Weighing Machine

When the Australian colonies federated to form the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 their post and telegraph departments were merged to form the national Postmaster General's (PMG) Department.

In 1926 the Australian Automatic Weighing Machine Company made an arrangement with the PMG Department that allowed them to put their weighing machines outside post offices around Australia. In return, the company agreed to give the PMG a quarter of the money made from the scales - which cost a penny to use.

Carnamah Post Office in 1963

One of the weighing machines was put outside the Carnamah Post Office in the 1930s. As many people didn't have household scales they would insert a penny, step on the scales and then see how much they weighed! The scales revealed the weight in pounds and ounces and on its face had listed the average weights for women, men, girls and boys.
PMG Uniform Button

The man in charge of the post office and its staff was known as the postmaster. Other staff included postal clerks who served at the counter and processed mail. There were also two to three telephonists who manually connected all telephone calls within, to and from Carnamah. A night officer was employed to man the telephone exchange through the night.
Postmaster General's Department Uniform Button
Stamps!

Stamps have long been used with postal services to mark mail with the date, where it was posted from and various other notifications.

This stamp holder, stamps and inkpad were all used at the Carnamah Post Office. The T-stamp (for tax) was stamped on letters and parcels sent with insufficient postage.

The two stamps at the bottom read Please Advise Correspondent of Your Correct Postal Address and Not Over One Hundred Dollars.
Post Office Stamps, Holder and Inkpad
Stevenson Screen

This Stevenson Screen sat in the yard of the post office from 1932 until 1999. It contained thermometers that were used to measure Carnamah's minimum and maximum temperature each day. This information, along with how much rain had been received, was passed onto the Bureau of Meteorology.

The highest maximum in Carnamah was 48.1 degrees Celsius on 23 January 1980. The coldest minimum was on the morning of 2 July 1948, when it was minus two degrees.



Post Office Sign


Themometer Weather Box

Another member of the postal staff in Carnamah was the linesman who worked maintaining local telephone and telegraph lines. In 1934 a Linesman's Shed was built behind the post office - near which this sign was once displayed.

Up until 1974 you had to obtain a licence from a post office for any radios or televisions that you owned.

"The P.M.G's Department is continuing its activities against those who fail to obtain the necessary licences. Users of unlicensed radio sets are liable to HEAVY PENALTIES, including SEIZURE of their sets. Under the Australian Broadcasting Act, each person must hold a current broadcast listener's licence for each set in his possession, whether in the home, place of business, holiday residence or motor car."
-- The West Australian, 15 May 1948
Astor 8 Transistor Radio
Telephone Exchange in 1976

Carnamah's telephone exchange was inside the post office until 1976 when the exchange was automated. This meant telephonists were no longer needed to respond to and connect calls.

Before being automated, telephone calls were timed and at certain intervals the telephonist would interrupt the conversation to ask the caller if they wished to end the call or continue.

PMG Telephone Exchange Timer




Carnamah Post Office in 2008
Carnamah Post Office in 2008
The Postmaster General's Department looked after post and telephone services across Australia until 1975. The department was then split, resulting in the creation of Australia Post and Telecom Australia (Telstra). In 1991 the Carnamah Post Office was downgraded and expressions of interest were called for its operations. Colleen W. Bennier acquired the licence to run the post office and purchased its buildings. Since 1991 she has operated the post office in conjunction with the Bush Basket, a gifts and health food shop. Following the closure of the Bankwest branch in Carnamah in 1997 the post office has also been home to a Bankwest agency.
Post Office : Comments & Memories


Rachel Hughes

The continuous 24 hour Telephone Exchange in Carnamah was worked in 3 shifts: 7:30 am to 12 noon & 1:30 pm to 5 pm, 12 noon to 1:30 pm & 5 pm to 10 pm and the night shift from 10 pm to 7:30 am.

Telephonists had to go outside and read the weather at 3 pm every day. Once I caused Royal Australian Air Force planes to be grounded at Geraldton. There was a strong wind at Carnamah and I reported a force 8 wind. The Air Force tried desperately to ring the Postmaster to check.

One night Win McSwain and I were on night shift and sometime after 1 am the buzzer went off indicating a call. The town electricity supply ceased at 1 am in those days. We reached for the box of matches tied to a piece of string behind the switchboard in order to light the kerosene lamp so that we could see the switchboard. The box had gone! We panicked. At the time Win was staying with Mrs Robertson at the back of the Bank of Australasia and she said that she knew that there was a box of matches in the toilet there. She ran down the street in her nightie, found the box of matches and returned to light the lamp so that the call could be answered.


Bridie Evans

I became a telephonist in Carnamah in 1946. There was only one switch board in the far end of the Post Office. Trunk calls would sometimes take hours as first booked came first. We had to interrupt close to 3 minutes and say “3 minutes. Are you extending?” If they were we had to reset the time for another 3 minutes.

Mail delivery started just after that and I can remember the postmaster sending the postman to the shops for a tin of striped paint. The postman eventually woke up!

On Thursday afternoons the Post Office and shops closed – they opened all day Saturday.

Telegrams would be rung through but if a person was not on the telephone we would deliver the telegrams after our own shift finished.

The Carnamah Exchange had been a continuous service 24/7 since 1936 and during the war when there were no boys to work the night shift they allowed two girls to work. One would be “on duty” and the other a sleeping partner. They took it week about. One night I slept there in 1942 with my sister as the regular girl was away. I was paid 4/- (40 cents). I thought all my birthdays had come at once.

In later years the exchange was moved to a room at the back of the Post Office. We finished up with five switch boards there. I filled in now and again on day shift but I also did the night shift, week about with another ex-telephonist. Before the door to the Post Office was locked at 5 pm our fold up bed would be brought out and left behind the switchboards. Our own shift started at 10 pm and finished at 7 am. Well one night I was sewing and when I went to go to bed much later, there was no bed. It was too late to ring the postmaster so I found two sheets in a cupboard (luckily it was summer) and I put them along 3 padded chairs and slept on them. The only trouble was the chairs all had castors & the middle one kept moving all night.

On the night shift we had a buzzer to wake us up when someone rang. The box with the switch was padlocked each night and opened at 7:30 am when the second girl came on. Sometimes when the 7 am girl was busy and the buzzer was too loud she would smother it with a duster. Well one night it wasn't removed when the buzzer was switched on. If a call wasn't answered promptly a hooter would go off. Well that is what happened to me one night, the hooter went and scared the living day lights out of me. My hands were shaking so much I could hardly get the plug in the hole to answer two calls. One call was the postmaster as he had heard it about 200 yards up the street and after midnight. Covering the buzzer was never allowed again!

When we had the Meckering earthquake my daughter Shirley was working on the exchange. All the shutters on the switchboard came down and also the fluorescent light fell on top of her and broke. She panicked and rang me and took off as she reckoned it was poisonous. I had to dash up and restore order.


Yvette

I can remember the large scales that were out the front of the Post Office from when I was a girl in Carnamah. You had to put a penny in them. Everybody used them as nobody had scales at home in those days.


Cyril Rayner

It was handy to get your mail from the telephonists 9 o’clock at night... In those days I had to work pretty long hours – that was before I got married. I used to ride my bike in at night. You could go to the Post Office – I never had a box – and you could tap on the door and one of the telephonists would come and you could get your mail at 7, 8 or 9 o’clock at night. It was handy. I used to get a fair bit of mail. The mail trains came up on Wednesday and Saturdays and I used to go in on those nights. I had my mother, two brothers and cousins in England, and I had a brother and sister in Canada, and besides them one or two friends, so I used to get a fair bit of mail. I used to look forward to riding in on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

I had to write back. I used to spend a fair bit of Sunday writing letters. When I left home to come out here, my brother, who was out here said: “Don’t forget to write home pretty regularly.” I always remembered that.
I used to get a paper on Wednesday and on Saturday when I went into town. You only had an oil lamp at night and it wasn't that good reading. I used to have a lot of mail to write so I didn't have that much time to do anything else. There were no fly wire doors, so insects came in. Things were pretty rough. Now you get up in the morning and you just switch the electric light on, before you had to light the fire before you could do anything.


Alex Power

I left school at 14 and went to work in Three Springs Post Office straight away. I rode my bike up from Carnamah for the week of work. It was a long bike ride, particularly as the road was not sealed. In those days the Post Office was open until 12 midday on Saturdays. On Monday holidays we had to open for one hour, so that meant I had to go up for the hour.

Everything was well sealed in the mail bags. Mail came mostly on the day trains but some came in at night. The bags were put in a locked box in the Station Master’s Office. I had a key to the box. Sorting officially started at 8:30am but mostly I started at 8am. I brought the mail across from the station in a wooden cart which had two big wheels. The bags had to be stacked carefully so that they didn't fall off. Thursday was the day for the “Wheat Grower”, “Primary Producer” and Elders. Boans’ catalogues were large and very heavy.

Three Springs was a Grade 1 Post Office.

Charles Lipscombe had come from Sandstone... and his ambition was to get an office in Perth metropolitan area. Unfortunately he was qualified only as a Postmaster, Grade 1 and there were very few such post offices in the metropolitan area. In those days all postmasters had to be qualified Morse operators so that they could send and receive telegrams. He was an excellent receiver but his sending was not really good. His hobby was radio and he built his own dual wave receiver. He was a good natured fellow with a very dry sense of humour. During drought period he would say to farmers, "It would be a fine day if it rained." I don't know that they were all that amused but they would laugh anyway.... his daughter's name was Lily... Lily was a telephonist and later in the war years worked on the counter as Postal Assistant.


Mary Clews

When I lived in Winchester from 1968 to 1974, there was no delivery of mail to Winchester. Instead each household had some sort of a box near the Chapman's farm. Anyone who went into Carnamah for supplies would also call in at the Post Office and pick up a bag of mail. On arriving back in Winchester, it was then one's duty to distribute the mail into the appropriate boxes. I can remember at least one occasion where I distributed identical letters to every box. On opening mine, I found that it said "You are one of the lucky people in Winchester to be receiving this." Of course it was from the Readers Digest. Another irony was that I received two copies, one addressed to Mrs Straiton (my former married name) and the other to Miss Foss (my maiden name).


Carnamah Historical Society

Help enrich our collective history by sharing your own comment, story or memories. Click here to go to the comment form.
V i r t u a l   M u s e u m :   Macpherson  ●  Railway  ●  Farms  ●  Town  ●  Roads  ●  Business  ●  Milk  ●  Tearooms  ●  Post  ●  Toys