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Biographical Dictionary - Coorow, Carnamah, Three Springs


Surname

William Day LONG

Born 1831 in Waterbeach, Cambridgeshire, England [462]
Daughter of Elizabeth LONG who married William BRAND in Waterbeach on 15 September 1835 [462]
In 1841 he was living with his mother and stepfather, who was an Agricultural Labourer, on High Street in Waterbeach [20]
The three of them departed from Plymouth, England on the ship Sophia bound for Western Australia [69]
They arrived on the sailing ship Sophia in Fremantle, Western Australia on 27 July 1850 [69]
Married Sarah GREEN in Northam in 1855 [15]
After losing their home and all their possessions in a flood they settled on land near Coorow Spring in 1862 [P17]
     In 1862 he purchased a block of land surrounding Coorow Spring, then known as the 'Coorow Block' [135]
     When the block was eventually surveyed a number of years after it was purchased it became Victoria Location 385 [135] [P17]
Grazier and Farmer of Coorow Station, also known as Long's Station, in Coorow [P16]
     Their main industry on the station was the breeding of sheep and horses [P16]
     The horses were taken to Geraldton to be shipped to India, while wool from sheep was taken to Dongara for shipment [P16]
     In 1891 he had 8,000 sheep, 300 horses, 100 cattle and a number of pigs; and grew 40 acres of crop [39: 1-Oct-1891]
     Later ran around 4,000 sheep and 100 horses, employing shepherds to care for the sheep - one shepherd to each 1,000 sheep [P16]
Constructed a home for his family with bricks made of mud from a nearby dam mixed with chopped up rushes from the sandplain [P17]
To begin with the main supply of water for the sheep was Jun Jun Spring and also Nabappie Spring [P16]
     Jun Jun Spring, contained within Victoria Location 1096, was about nine miles south east of their homestead [62]
     Nabappie Spring, contained within Victoria Location 682, was about ten miles south east of their homestead [62]
Stationed large flocks of sheep at Beekamarah Thicket, south of Nabappie Spring, Scottie Station and at Walla-Walla Cundidgee [P16]
     Beekamarah Thicket was where his grandson Ernest A. LONG later established Lonsdale Farm [P16]
     Scottie Station was near where Samuel B. RUDDUCK later established the well-known Koobabbie Farm [P16]
As early as 1867 the Overland Mail Route from Perth to Champion Bay / Geraldton included a stop at Long's Station [80: 8-Jan-1867]
     The mail arrived, or was supposed to arrive, at Long's Station at noon on Saturdays in 1869 [80: 29-Dec-1868]
The construction of the telegraph line from Perth to Champion Bay was nearing their station in early 1873 [160: 8-Jan-1873]
     The contractors of the line advertised £600 for the carting of 2,000 posts weighing about 275 tons from Dongara to their station [160]
     The Inquirer & Commercial News criticised the price as madness as the 100 miles of road "was one of the worst in the colony" [160]
     The road between Dongara and their station was at that time known as "North Road" [160]
On 18 March 1873 took out Pastoral Leases 9217 and 9128 totalling 33,000 acres[68] [122]
     Lease 9217 was 27,000 acres around his freehold block containing Coorow Spring and 9218 was 6,000 acres further east [68] [122]
     Later took out another three pastoral leases in what is now the Coorow-Waddy Forest-Marchagee area [68]
     In 1882 his pastoral leases in Coorow, amounting to 83,000 acres, were transferred to E. O. COCKRAM [80: 1-Aug-1882]
His mother Mrs Elizabeth BRAND passed away in Coorow at the age of 73 years on 17 October 1883 [225: 22-Oct-1883]
The remains of a man believed to be George DURRAND were discovered three miles from their station on 3 March 1884 [225: 4-Mar-1884]
The Irwin Road Board wrote to him in 1891 to see if he could inspect the well on the Overland Road near his home [383: 10-Jan-1891]
    They asked what repairs were required to put the well in good order, including a bucket, and whether he could get the work done [383]
In mid 1892 he was paid £8 to clear our a well near Coorow for the Irwin Road Board [383: 1-Jul-1892]
For a number of years was contracted to transport mail and people between the unfinished sections of the Midland Railway [P16]
     In 1892 he was the contractor to deliver mail once a week between Coorow and Yandanooka, for £200 [39: 1-Jan-1892]
     With the extension of the railway he delivered only as far north as Arrino, instead of Yandanooka, from October 1892 [383: 7-Oct-1892]
Remained in Coorow until shortly before his death [P16]
Father of Elizabeth, Annie, Harriett Emma, Amelia Sarah, Henry Joseph, Louisa Jane, Jessie Norah and Clement William John [P17]
Died in Perth in 1899 [P16]


From The West Australian newspaper, Thursday 1 October 1891:
The Midland Railway Company of Western Australia - Dr. Robertson's Report
"LONG's STATION. At Long's station 8,000 sheep are shorn; 300 horses, 100 cattle, and a large number of pigs are fed; 40 acres are under crop. A large tank exists a few hundred yards west of the station, and to this the railway might with advantage be deviated for the purpose of obtaining a water supply. This deviation would moreover make the line more attractive and picturesque and would cost nothing."


Reference:  Carnamah Historical Society & Museum and North Midlands Project, 'William Day Long' in Biographical Dictionary of Coorow, Carnamah and Three Springs, retrieved 24 May 2019 from www.carnamah.com.au  [ sources ]




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