Newspaper Extracts 1925-1927

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From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 30 January 1925:
Carnamah Notes (From Our Correspondent)
     "A meeting of the Progress Association was held on the 25th inst. Many matters of importance were discussed. Regarding telephones, it was decided to urge the department to erect an official post office or to install the switch board at once, as in cases where there is an urgent need of telephonic communication no use could be made of the 'phones as they are not connected. Better postal facilities are required. The matter of an open approach to the railway station was also discussed and the general manager of the Midland [Railway] Company was written to on the subject. The small gate is not convenient, but dangerous.
     The road through the sandplain was referred to and an appeal is to be made to all public bodies from Moora northwards, a well as those in the city who are interested. Messrs C. C. Maley, M.L.A., and R. Mackie promised to canvas the district for subscriptions towards the cost of making the road. It is to be hoped that all those interested will unite and make a big effort for this important road.
     The Westralian Farmers are to be urged to build a grain shed and also to provide a weigh bridge  for the next season and now that it has been proved that this is a great wheat-producing centre it is hoped something will be done.
     The Progress Association will conduct an entertainment on February 26. The proceeds will be devoted to purchasing ornamental trees and improving the local hall.
     New motor cars and tractors are arriving here every week - a prosperous sign - whilst all the farmers are talking of seeding larger acreages during the coming season.
     A cricket club has been formed and a good concrete pitch put down. It is hoped that they pull together better  than our footballers did last season."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 30 January 1925:
Carnamah Road Board
     "The monthly meeting of the Board was held in the Road Board Office pm Tuesday, 20th January, and Mr J. Bowman presided over Messrs Bastian, Macpherson, Lawson, McGip and Bryant.
     The chairman submitted the finance committee's report, which was adopted.
     The finance committee suggested that final noticed be issued for the payment of rates and licenses, requesting payments before 12th day of February.
     The suggestion was adopted by the Board, and the secretary instructed to issue the notices forth with, and also to prepare a list of defaulters for rates and licenses after the 12th February, and submit same for consideration at next meeting of the Board.
     It was a greed to appoint Mr A. Meadowcroft to re-value the Townsites of Carnamah and Three Springs.
     Mr F. Vanzetti, hon. Secretary, East Marchagee Progress Association, wrote urging the Board to construct full width roads, and not ribbon roads in the south wards.
     The Under Secretary for Works and Labour wrote intimating that a subsidy of £300 has been allocated to the Carnamah Board for the financial year ending 30th June, 1925.
     It was agreed to hold the next monthly meeting on Tuesday, 24th February, at 1:30 p.m. the Revision Court and Appeal Court to be held on same date at 10 a.m., and 11 a.m. respectively.
     Messrs Bowman, Macpherson and Bryant intimated that they would retire from the membership of the Board at the annual election in April.
     An election will be held in April for two members for Carnamah ward and one member for the south ward."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 6 February 1925:
Carnamah Notes
     "Harvesting is again in full swing with those who were hindered through the storm some weeks back.
     The weather is keeping warm again now.
     It is noticeable that in the Commonwealth grant for the road construction, settlers along the Midland railway do not come in for much consideration. As for this electorate, not a mention of any road was made. Have our Federal and State members forgotten the Irwin. It is well known that the roads in this part are the worst main roads between Geraldton and Perth.
     A very successful dance was held in the local hall on Thursday, 29th January, to further the interests of Miss Violet Bowman in her candidature for the Popular Lady Competition. To be held in conjunction with the big entertainment on the 26th inst. The dance was a great credit to the young lady concerned. The novelty items were well received, and one and all enjoyed themselves. The improvements in the supper arrangements were very noticeable. It is expected that the competition will be keen for the popular girl. Both young ladies are working hard and both deserve a lot of support.
     Our local cricket club held the opening match on the new concrete pitch. There was a very pleasing turn out of players and supporters. The match was between the two local teams, and some good scoring and bowling was witnessed. Prospects of a good, strong eleven are good. Secretary Clarke sends out challenges to all our near-by towns."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 13 February 1925:
Along the Line
    "Travelling along the Midland Railway line, northwards from Gingin, the eye is caught chiefly by stretches of burnt grass land, paddocks yellow with the stubble of the stripped wheat or black where the fire has swept along; and at every station or siding from Koojan to Dongara stacks of wheat. From stacks at small sidings, numbering the bags of wheat by the hundreds to enormous stacks with thousands of bags, at the larger stations. The thousands of bags stacked alongside the line are certainly arresting signs of an abundant harvest, but that the size of the stacks seems to increase rapidly is a tribute to the indifference of the Midland [Railway] Company to the needs of the district, for their rolling stock is so limited that the golden grain is reaching the coast in a small trickle instead of, as should be the case, in a large and swiftly moving stream.
     The burnt stretches of grass and stubble are also directly attributable to the company's use of Collie coal. That the company has no option as regards the coal may be true, but the management does not appear to have taken adequate steps to check the stream of live sparks from its engines, nor does it appear to have been anything but utterly indifferent to the danger of the countryside being burnt out.
     Be that as it may, the settlers are in a state on constant anxiety over the grave danger of fires started by passing engines. So serious is the danger that in some cases farmers follow passing trains in their motors, to put out the fires started on or adjacent to their properties. Another method is to station men along the danger zone till the travelling peril has passed. Fortunately, as the wheat stacks testify, the crops have been mostly lately off and are out of danger; but the possible loss of feed is a serious matter. In the Northern Midlands - from Coorow upwards - fires have not been so plentiful. This is possibly owing to the recent heavy fall of rain there. In fact in many places the tender green of a new growth of grass may be seen amongst the yellow stubble, or on fallowed land.
     As regards size of wheat stacks, Yandanooka and Carnamah easily lead. Both of these places are merely beginning careers as serious producers of wheat, yet between them something like 160,000 bags will be railed away this season.
Carnamah is an eloquent testimony to the effect of sub-dividing large blocks of land into sizeable farms. This policy has had barely two years to show results, but already the effects are remarkable. In the Carnamah Hotel, under the efficient control of Mrs Davies, is a hostel second to none in the country districts in furnishing, appointments and comfort. Its tiled roof and wide verandah give a most pleasing effect and the spacious dinning room, comfortable lounge and cosy smoke room show that the interior is well in keeping with the handsome exterior. Electric light throughout, including the airy bedrooms, is a far index of the up-to-date lines on which the hotel is run.
     Carnamah is, without a doubt, a returned soldiers' district. At Inering 16 men are making thousands of bushels of wheat grow where formerly practically none grew before. When the harvest is completed we hope to show just exactly what these men have done. In the township, among the returned men, is Mr Robertson, who having lost an arm in the Big Argument, now conducts the local school. Mr S W Stewart laid down the rifle to seize the butcher's cleaver and now carries on an expanding business. Mr A L Trotter (formerly of Moora) has proved that war experience did not sap his energy, for he has built a fine, up-to-date shop, a comfortable and commodious private house and large bake house, which includes a baker's oven with a capacity of nearly 400 loaves, easily the largest baker's oven in the Midlands. Carnamah is only in its infancy as a farming district, but the right class of settler has evidently settled there and such a vigorous infancy will be followed by a very lusty full estate.
     Later on our correspondent will furnish actual figures of the returns from Carnamah, which will make interesting reading. We also intend to publish figures from the soldier settlers of Yandanooka, as well as returns from the older centres throughout this Great Province of the Midlands."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 27 February 1925:
Carnamah Notes [From Our Correspondent]
    "Harvesting is now complete and there still remains a little more wheat to be added to the stack, by the appearance of which the estimate of 70000 bags for the district will be reached. The yields generally have been very good, although the losses by hail and fire accounted for a few thousand bags. Amongst those who have done well are the soldier settlers on the Inering Estate.
    The popular girl competition promises to be keen, Miss V. Bowman and Miss Maggie Boxall are the candidates.
    The local cricket club is a live body. It is hoped to play a match against Three Springs next Sunday and to meet Mingenew and Moora later on.
    The Carnamah Race Club will hold its annual meeting on April 9. An attractive programme has been arranged, £80 being the prize money. Good nominations are anticipated and it is hoped owners in the Central Midlands will accord the club every support. There is now splendid accommodation for men and horses at The Hotel Carnamah. A grand ball will take place at night and altogether an enjoyable time should result.
    A number of settlers around here are away holidaying, good yields and high prices being responsible for loosening the purse strings.
    The postal arrangements here are still most unsatisfactory. What with mixed trains running late and settlers driving in miles only to be told there will be no mail given out it is most annoying. Again, on busy days, when the stationmaster has to see the goods train out, people have to wait over an hour before being attended to. It seems impossible for a man and a boy to do both railway and postal work. It is time the Company or the Postal Department gave better services for what we are paying so highly. The work in the post office is quite sufficient to keep a man employed, without doing any railway work."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 6 March 1925:
"Carnamah District Road Board - Road Districts Act, 1919
Notice is hereby given that a Meeting of Ratepayers in the Carnamah Road District will be held in the Road Board Office at Carnamah on Tuesday, 24th March, 1925, at 10 a.m. to consider the Road Board proposals for the erection of a new Road Board Office in Carnamah. Plans and specifications are open to ratepayers for inspection at the Road Board Office, Station Buildings, Carnamah.
John Bowman, Chairman of the Board
Carnamah, 24th February, 1925"

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 6 March 1925:
"Carnamah District Vermin Board - To Whom it may Concern
Notice is hereby given, under Section 99 of the Vermin Act 1919, that not later than the 1st April, 1925, all owners and occupiers of holdings within the Carnamah Vermin District shall commence the work of destroying rabbits on such holdings, and upon the roads bounding and intersecting same, the said work to be systematically carried out to the 31st May, 1925.
Method of Destruction: Laying of Poison
Poison for this purpose will be supplied by the Board on application
John Bowman, Chairman. Carnamah, 24/2/25"

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 6 March 1925:
Carnamah Road Board
    "The ordinary meeting of the above took place on February 24, Mr J Bowman presiding over Messrs James, Bastian, McGilp and Lawson.
    The Finance Committee's report was considered to be satisfactory.
The Chairman said that since the issue of final notices for rates outstanding a little over £500 had been collected, but the amount still outstanding was very large and the Finance Committee suggested that a list of defaulters be handed to the Board's solicitor with instructions to take the necessary steps to enforce payment. This suggestion was agreed to.
Mr Meadowcraft's report on the valuation of the townsites of Three Springs and Carnamah was received and considered satisfactory.
    An application for a road to be declared between he Gangway and Prowaka Siding was received from Messrs McSwain, Johnston, Dunning and Bowman,--The secretary was instructed to write to the parties concerned and report to next meeting.
    Mr E Summerhayes, architect, of Perth, submitted a plan and estimate for the proposed new Road Board Office at Carnamah. The plan and estimate were agreed to and the secretary was instructed to take the necessary steps to have the proposals considered by the ratepayers at a meeting to be held on March 24.
The Roads and Bridges Branch of the Public Works Department submitted tender forms for work to be done on Inering Road to the value of £1000 allotted from the Federal Grant, asking the Board to tender for the work. In view of the fact that the Board would not be allowed to sub-'ct the work to small contractors it was agreed to ask the Department to carry out the work.
    The secretary intimated that he had received notice that the present office would only be available for another week. It was agreed to build a temporary office and the secretary was instructed to make the necessary arrangements."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 20 March 1925:
Carnamah Notes [From Our Correspondent]
"On the 28th February Mr Arthur White, a returned solder settler at Winchester, had the misfortune to lose his house and furniture through fire. Although insured, the amount does not cover the loss. Included in this loss was as fine a collection of war souvenirs as one could find anywhere. Mr White and family were away on holidays at the time of the fire.
Quite a number of settlers have returned from holidays and are preparing  to put under crop a bigger acreage than last year. Several of them have bought new motor cars, Chevs being the most popular pick.
Heavy rain fell here on the 4th inst, over 1½ inches being recorded.
Everybody is looking forward to the annual race meeting to be held on April 9 and several horses are expected from Central Midlands and elsewhere. Everything points to he fixture being most successful.
The local rifle club are still waiting for the inspector to approve of the range site. The Club has 40 members,."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 20 March 1925:
Clearance Sale
"On account of Messrs Weir and McGilp, Wady Wady, Coorow, on Friday, 6th March, Messrs Elder Smith and Co., Limited, report having held a clearing sale as above. There was a very representative local attendance and a large number of buyers from outside districts. The live stock and plant offered was in good order and condition, the horses being a good lot of useful farm workers, meeting with keen competition, a very successful sale resulting.
Quotations: Sheep, 1407 sold. 464 right aged Koonoona blood ewes, 05/; merino weaners, 27/7; merino wethers, forward order, 36/3 to 37/6; rams, 3 guineas. Horses, 32 sold, good weighty farm horses, right ages, £43 to £49; aged £18 to £3; lighter sorts, £22 to £29; hacks, 8 to 10 guineas. Machinery and Plant: drills, £29 to £51; binder, £50; scrub rake, £42; ploughs, £33 to £55; harvester, £80; wagon, £40; reaper thresher, £60; dray, £30; wool press, £21. The usual sundries at satisfactory values."
[Note: Weir and McGilp were James L. B. WEIR and Angus A. N. McGilp]

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 27 March 1925:
Carnamah Notes [From Our Correspondent] Carnamah, March 24
"A pleasant dance was held here on Saturday night last in aid of the local cricket club. The function was a great success.
Our cricketers were defeated by two runs by Three Springs last Sunday at Three Springs
The Public Works Department has started work on the road through the Inering Estate, 15 men being employed on the job. This is one road which badly needs attention before next harvest. A main road to the end of the Estate is badly needed, bringing, as it would, there far-out settlers within 10 miles of Carnamah.
A ratepayers' meeting was held to-day to consider the proposal to build Road Board officer is front of the local hall. There was a fair attendance and the scheme was supported. Judging by the plans, the offices will be additional attractions to the town. The buildings will be of stone and contain a board room, general office and secretary's office and will cost £775. As the Government grant is £200 and £100 will be forthcoming from the Mingenew Board, local ratepayers will not have to foot a big bill. Opportunity was taken to pass a vote of thanks to the Board on the able manner in which it handled this business and for the satisfactory state of the finances. Much interest is being taken in the forthcoming election for the Central Ward. Inering is concentrating on one candidate, whilst there is talk of three nominating for the town portion, but it would seem only fair to have one for each end of the ward."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 3 April 1925:
Carnamah Notes - Carnamah, March 31
     "The usual meeting of the Progress Association was held on the 29th March. The state of the road over the sandplain between here and Moora was much discussed and it was decided to write to the Perth Roads Board and Public Works Department for an estimate of the cost of a plank road and to gravel a ribbon road over the heaviest sand for a distance of six or eight miles. It was understood that Mr C C Maley, M.L.A., and Mr R Mackie intended canvassing the districts interested for subscriptions towards the cost and then approach the Government for a pound for pound subsidy. It was noted with pleasure that the Moora Progress Association was interesting itself in the matter. Letters were received from other bodies north of Carnamah, supporting the proposal. With united effort the dreaded stretch of sand should soon be a thing of the past. The Carnamah Road Board is being asked its intentions in the matter, as the whole of the area in question is in its territory.
     Information was received from Westralian Farmers, promising to built a wheat shed at Carnamah and to install a weighbridge for the convenience of farming pooling or storing with the firm. This would be a boon to settlers. As this district produced 70000 bags of wheat this season further improvements are warranted.
     A good many settlers have taken advantage of Mr H F Basford's, veterinary surgeon, offer to give his services for an annual fee. Mr Basford has travelled the district during the past few days and has done good work.
     Another step in the advancement of the town was the arrival of Mr J Campbell, who will shortly open a motor garage here.
     A very successful rave meeting is anticipated next Thursday. Horses are expected from Moora and as far as Geraldton. The usual dance will take place in the evening. Another attraction at night will be the finalising of the Popular Girl Competition.
     Cricket is still drawing a number of followers. It is expected to play another match with Three Springs next Sunday, whilst on Easter Monday there will be a game between married and single.
     Up to date only two nominations have been received for the Central Ward for the forthcoming elections of the Road Board on April 15."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 3 April 1925:
Carnamah Road Board
"An ordinary meeting of the Carnamah Road Board was held in the Carnamah Hall on Tuesday, 24th March. Mr Bowman presided over Messrs James, Bastian, McGilp, Lawson and Macpherson.
     The report of the finance committee was presented by the chairman and adopted.
     It was agreed that the estimated cost of the new offices be allocated as follows: £450 from all the wards in proportion to the rateable value of the respective wards. Carnamah ward to find £150 in addition to the above. Application to the Government for £200 as a grant in aid of the building.
     A motion was moved that the Board take over the Carnamah hall and mortgage on the hall, and to free and relieve the guarentors of all responsibility in connection with the hall, on condition that the trustees transfer the title to the land to the Crown, along with the buildings erected thereon, the mortgage on the hall to be debited against the Carnamah ward, and all monies derived from the use of the hall to be credited to the Carnamah ward.
     Various works were sanctioned in the different wards and the final arrangements were left to the ward members and the secretary."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 17 April 1925:
Carnamah Races - Dukama Wins the Cup - R H Johnson Rides Four Winners
     "The annual meeting of the Carnamah Race Club took place on April 9, when the fixture proved to be a great success. The racing was keen, there being several close finishes. There was a good attendance of the public, visitors being there from all neighbouring towns and districts. The secretary (Mr E J Clark) and his committee pleased the club's patrons. Mr R E Rennie (the stipendiary steward) had charge of the affairs and had no cause to assert his authority during the day, other than fining the owners of Cardmos and Gold Extraction £1 each for non-scratching. R H Johnston rode four winners, including Mr F C Hamilton's Dukama, which won the Carnamah Cup in convincing style.
     At the Hall in the evening the handsome silver cup was presented to Mr Hamilton, on behalf of the Race Club, by the President (Mr J Bowman). Mr Hamilton responded and an adjournment made to the Hotel Carnamah, where the trophy was filled with champagne.
     Second Class Plate, 6 furlongs - Sand Lion - J Bennett's b g, 3 yrs, Sands of the Orient - Dandelion, 8 9 (J Bennet) I, Koomardan 9 10 2, Grenilla 10 3 3  No other starters. Won by 2½ lengths, a head separating second and third. Time 1.25 4 5.
     First Class Plate, 6 furlongs - Lord Strathburg - C Dodd's ch g, a Afrika-Jewess, 9.0 (Johnson) I, Chidna 9 9 2, Lock Kiss 9 10 3  No other starters. Won by a neck, with eight lengths between second and third. Time 1.19 4 5.
     Trial Stakes, 5 furlongs - Koomardan - C Dodd's blk g, 6 years, Koomarra-Coolyunm 9.10 (Johnson) Rayleen 8 10 2, Cardmos 8.5 3. Only three starters.
      Carnamah Cup 1¼ miles
1 Dukama - R C Hamilton's b g, a, Duke Humphrey-Minka 8.7 (Johnson)
2 Early Spring 10 5 (Warneminde)
3 Lord Strathburg (Gooch)
Chidna (9 5) also started. A good race. Won by a length, a length between second and third. Time, 2 17 4-5
     Hack Rac, 5 furlongs - Radium I, Aggie 2, Amber Queen 3. Won by two lengths, four lengths separating second and third. Time 1.9 2-5.
     Local Handicap, 7 furlongs - Rayleen - G E A Merry's, 8 8 (Johnson) 1, Mardoo 8.5 2, Jambul 10.0 3. No other starters. Won by a neck. Time 1 25."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 17 April 1925:
Carnamah Races - Race Ball
"This took place in the Carnamah Hall and the building proved far too small to accommodate the large crowd which attended. The dresses of the ladies were very pleasing, many beautiful gowns being worn."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 17 April 1925:
Carnamah Notes (From Our Correspondent)
     "Great interest was taken in the closing of the Popular Lady Competition. Miss V. Bowman won by a majority of 200 votes from Miss M Boxall. Both young ladies are to be congratulated on their efforts) a total of £130 being netted towards the ornamental trees and improving the hall.
     The weather here during the past few days has been sultry and threatening rain."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 17 April 1925:
General News Items
"Carnamah's Needs - In a place like Carnamah, which has produced such vast quantities of wheat in the past and promises to produce much more in the future, there should be proper banking and postal facilities and it is a wonder that no banking institution has opened  a branch there, as sound business is assured. It is high time that the P.M.G's Department provided the town with an official post office."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 17 April 1925:
ROAD OVER SANDPLAIN - Big Meeting at Carnamah Discusses Matter - An Appeal to be Launched
     "Representing the Moora Progress Association, Messrs W J Carrick, A B Gloster and A Sampey visited Carnamah last Sunday to attend a meeting, held for the purpose of discussing means for putting into better order the road - or portions of it at any rate - over the sandplain between Watheroo and Carnamah, so as to enable motorists to and from the far northern districts to reach the city via Mingenew, Carnamah and Moora and thus save approximately 180 miles on the trip there and back. This road, which has been the subject of much discussion at meetings of the various public bodies between Moora and Northampton for a considerable time, is heavy and in some places the sand runs like water after a car ahas gone over the track. This, of course, only applies in the summer months, as the sand sets very firmly during winter.
     We speak from personal knowledge of the road, as a representative of the Midlands Advertiser was one of the party which made the strenuous journey in the Oakland six car, which accomplished the task in an excellent manner. The road (in places) between Moora and Watheroo needs attending to. From Watheroo to Marchagee the road - a winding one - runs perilously near the telegraph posts and through heavy sand. The worse portions (about seven miles in all) are to the south of Coorow and between Coorow and Carnamah. A good culvert is urgently needed across a deep creek about three miles south of Coorow and the Carnamah Road Board would do well to have this work put in hand immediately. Owners of property, when constructing spoon drains across the roadway should remember to make them wider, as the present narrow ones are sources of danger to motorists travelling over this road. From what we saw we give it as our opinion that a ribbon road over the sandplain - or at least across the worst portions of it - would meet the case at comparatively small cost; we learn that splendid gravel for this purpose is obtainable in the hills nearby. Even though no gravelling is done if a straight road were surveyed the motors would negotiate the sand much easier than they do not.
     We understand, on reliable information, that if this road were put in good order an average of 20 cars per day would travel over it to and from other districts. The road at present is not "as black as it is painted" and we cannot understand people going the longer route - via Maya and Perenjori - from the north and back to Perth when so much time could be saved by travelling via Carnamah and Moora. It is a maid road and should receive as much attention as a feeder road.
     The meeting was most enthusiastic and it was attended by people who great interests in the country. This speaks well for Carnamah, one of the most progressive towns along the Midland Railway. The people generally do their utmost to push the district ahead. Mr C C Maley, M.L.A, attended the meeting and gave his views on the subject. All present made it clear that they were in hearty accord with what is being done in the matter and we believe that if all bodies concerned work together their object will be achieved. It means much to the Midlands, from Mingenew to Perth.
took place in the Carnamah Hall and was attended by 55 residents and settlers amongst whom were numerous members of the Carnamah Progress Association and Road Board, whilst the Inering Progress Association was also represented. Mr J. Bowman (Chairman of the Road Board) occupied the chair and briefly stated the meeting's object which was to endeavour to have the rad over the sandplain made much better for motor traffic; the chairman asked for discussion of ways and means of bringing this about. He then warmly welcomed the delegates from Moora and said they had displayed much enthusiasm in making the trip and he hoped that much good result from the meeting. Mr Bowman asked Mr Carrick to address the assemblage.
     In doing so Mr Carrick stated that there were a great many people along the Midland Railway who heartily supported what was being done regarding this road. At the present time people from the northern areas motored to the metropolis via Perenjori and Dalwallinu, whereas if they travelled via Carnamah and Moora a very considerable saving in mileage would result. The Midland Railway League had done good work in connection with the proposal to purchase the Midland Railway and all were sanguine about its acquirement by the Government. The first thing the Moora Progress Association had in mind was to have a good road constructed over the sandplain in question. He felt sure that people from as far north as Carnarvon and the Murchison Goldfields would utilise this road if it were put in better order. It was the opinion of experts that about seven miles of the worst portions of the road required attention, and if this were done the road would be a good one. He thought that something in this matter should be done by the Federal Government and by the united effort of the centres interested. He was satisfied that the Government could be induced to render assistance. Strong representation was needed and he sincerely hoped that the outcome would be that the road would receive the attention it is entitled to from those in authority.
     Mr Gloster said some little time ago, whilst on a motor trip to Geraldton, he found that everyone was in favour of the road via Mingenew, Carnamah and Moora to Perth, but desired some concrete proposal to be put forward regarding same. He was of the opinion that neither Carnamah nor Moora would come into their own until the sandplain was made more suitable for motor traffic. He considered it to be a national affair and the work should be undertaken by the Federal authorities and if all concerned places [put] their strong case before it he thought the required help would be forthcoming from the Federal Government.
     Mr C. C. Maley said the road under discussion had agitated the minds of all public bodies right to Northampton. He had been on previous deputations to Ministers on this matter and had been told that grants of money were for feeder road only and not fro roads running parallel to with a railway line. He had been promised £500 privately towards the making of the road. He suggested canvassing all districts from Perth to Northampton for subscriptions towards placing the road in better order. When this was finalised Mr maley stated that he thought a deputation would then be able to wait upon the government with substantial support. He and Mr R. Mackie would undertake to collect on behalf of the fund. It was his belief that from the Murchison to Perth over 1000 motor car owners would subscribe to the object.
     Mr Sampey said that now he and his co-delegates had gone over the road they could speak from experience. He thought that even in its heavy state a straight road would be easier negotiated than at present. It was a main road and it was essential that it be put in proper order. He agreed that it was a national question and one that should be taken up by the Federal Government.
     The Chairman said he thought about six miles of the worse portions of the road could be done for at the maximum cost of £2000. A ribbon road, he considered, over six miles, would meet temporary requirements. This was the gravelling of wheel tracks at a cost of from 15/ to 25/ per chain, with the carting distance averaging 40 chains.
     Mr Carrick said he thought that each centre interested should form committees and co-operate with each other in collecting money in their respective districts for the purpose of contributing a fund towards having the road put in order and then one member from each committee be appointed as a deputation to wait on the State Minister of Works.
     Mr Gloster endorsed Mr Carrick's views and said he would donate £25 towards the fund.
     Mr Bowman said that two years ago 300 motor car owners had promised £5 each towards the matter now in hand, but the interest had been allowed to flag owing to non-support on the part of the Government. He did not think the Governments (Federal or State) would do anything unless the centres interested had money enough o put into the work.
     Mr Maley said he thought that if a good sum of money were raised from private sources in the local districts success would attend their efforts. Three months should be sufficient in which to raise the money required.
     Mr D. Cummings thought that a plank roadway across the worst portions would meet the case. It was pointed out that this method - according to the authorities in Perth - would cost £20 per chain and this was considered much too high a price.
     Mr S. Green moved that a committee be formed at Carnamah to collect money towards constructing a better road across the sandplain mentioned - Seconded by Mr D Macpherson and carried unanimously.
     The committee comprised Messrs A L Trotter (chairman), J Bowman, L P Parker, H Watson and D Macpherson, with Mr G Davies as secretary.
     Committee Meeting. At a committee meeting it was decided that each member of the committee be empowered to receive money for the fund mentioned above." [Note: a similar report on the meeting also appeared in The Moora Herald and Midland Districts Advocate newspaper on 18 April 1925]

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 24 April 1925:
Carnamah Notes (From Our Correspondent). Carnamah, April 21
"Driving Accident. On Tuesday evening, April 14, a horse and cart being driven by Mr Ray Wylie through the town was responsible for a nasty accident. The horse bolted and Mr Wylie, who was accompanied by his son Rube, made very effort to get the animal under control, but the reins broke and Mr Wylie was thrown out of his cart and received a severe shaking. The horse galloped on with the little lad holding to the cart. The animal crashed into a verandah post, smashed the harness and capsized the cart., throwing the boy out and he was conveyed to the Three Springs Hospital, suffering from slight concussion. After being detained for a few days he was allowed to return home.
The Road Over the Sandplain. The Local Committee is working hard collecting fro the road over the sandplain. It has written to all centres along the line asking to arrange for collecting. It intends to send delegates to different centres to explain the object of raising the fund and from present appearances it promises to be a great success. It was also decided to write our Federal members, through Mr A Gloster, pointing out the importance of the road from a national defence point of view.
Road Board Elections. The election of two members for the Central Ward on the Road Board resulted in Messrs W H Watson and C Turner being elected. The Inering candidate was beaten by about a dozen votes. Had the electors at the Inering end not split their votes they would have had representation.
A Popular Event. Our popular S.M (Mr A Mortimer) left by to-night's train on fortnight's holiday and to take unto himself a wife. All residents of the district wish him well in his future life. Mr A Brown is relieving Mr Mortimer during his absence.
The weather here is still very sultry and no rain as yet. Seeding is proceeding on fallowed land."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 24 April 1925:
Genuine Clearing Sale - to be held on the FARM situated at Winchester - Tuesday, April 28th at 1 p.m.
Elder, Smith and Co. Limited acting under instructions from Mr. E. W. BELL, who has disposed of his property, will offer by Auction, as above -
CATTLE 1 Cow in milk and 5 months' old heifer
HORSES 4 Medium Draught Horses
PLANT AND MACHINERY Sunrise S J. S F. Disc Plow (new), Sunshine Sundercut 10-disc Plow, State Imp. 10ft Hay Rake, State Imp. Cultivators, 6ft Sunshine Harvester, State Imp. 13 Drill, set 4-leaf State Imp. Harrows, 1 H C. Oil Engine, 4 h.p. Kero (portable), 3-knife Bentall Chaffcutter, 6ft Massey Harris Binder, Bagshaw Ideal Rotary H.P. Grader, 2 ton International Truck (pole, shafts single); Buggy, Bag Loader, Springs Carts, Collars, Chains, Hames, Winkers.
Light Refreshments Provided - Terms at Sale
Further particulars from the Auctioneers, Perth, or T. J. Berrigan, Three Springs."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 1 May 1925:
Carnamah Notes (From Our Correspondent). Carnamah, April 28
     "A very sad accident occurred at Winchester on Thursday afternoon last. The 2½ year old son of Mr and Mrs J Straiton was killed under peculiar circumstances. He was playing outside his home at about 4 p m and an hour later he was found lying near the stables. He was soon taken to Three Springs, but the doctor found that the little chap was beyond human aid. It is not definitely know how the boy lost his life; it is thought that he fell from the stables while climbing or that he was kicked by a horse. Deep sympathy is felt for the bereaved parents.
     The usual meeting of the Progress Association took place last Sunday, there being a good attendance of members. The need of an official post office was again discussed. It was decided to further write the P.M.G. bringing the matter under his notice, also that the matter be placed before Mr A E Green, M H.R, at a meeting to be held on the 30th inst. The need of a bank at Carnamah was also discussed and it was resolved to again approach the W.A. Bank, asking them to open a bank here.
     Including Three Springs and Coorow, over 16000 bags of wheat were produced this year, so it is clear that this centre warrants better banking facilities.
     The annual meeting of the Carnamah Football Club took place last Saturday. There was a good many members present and it is hoped to have a club membership of over 40 this season. A number of old players will don the colours again, while several new men are spoken of, so the team should be a good one and under an able captain it should do well. If Tucker plays up to form, as he did there or four years ago, all will be well, and it is to be hoped that the position of last year will be reserved.
     Rain is still hanging off, but there was a light fall on Monday. Farmers are busy seeding, and a large acreage is already seeded, most of the land being fallow or light."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 1 May 1925:
Carnamah Road Board
     "The monthly meeting of the Board was held in the Road Board Office on Tuesday, 21st April. Mr F E James, Three Springs, was appointed chairman for the ensuing year. The new members are Messrs W. H. Watson and C. W. Turner (Carnamah Ward), and V. H. Edwards for the South Ward. Messrs Bastian, Watson, Turner and Lawson were present at the meeting.
     The monthly and quarterly statements were presented and accepted and adopted.
     Mr Watson was appointed a member of the finance committee.
     On the motion of Mr Bastian, seconded by Mr Lawson, it was agreed to record in the minutes the Board's appreciation of the services rendered by Mr John Bowman as first chairman of the Board.
The Roads and Bridges Branch of the Public Works Department wrote asking the Board to give a list of roads, in order of preference, for the purpose of allocating the various works under the Federal grant for 1925-26.
It was agreed to give the following roads: Waddie Road East, Winchester Road East, Three Springs-Perenjori Road East, Marchagee Road East and Gunyidi Road East.
     Mr G. H. Davis wrote asking the Board to assist in making road between Coorow and Watheroo, but in view of the urgent need for clearing and gravelling on the wheat carting roads it was unanimously agreed to refuse assistance from rates.
     Mr E. K. Byrne wrote re payment for land at Perenjori road well, but the information before the Board was that the land was a gift from Mr Byrne.
     Carnamah Progress Association wrote asking for work on various roads, and with the exception of the road east of Inering, the improvements asked for were included in the scheme of operations for the winter months.
     Various works were sanctioned in the different wards and left to the members and the secretary."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 15 May 1925:
Carnamah Notes (From Our Correspondent) Carnamah, May 12
     "Rain is much needed here. A good deal of the earl seeding has malted owing to insufficient moisture, but we are hopeful of a good season.
     Mr J Bowman's eldest daughter underwent a serious operation, but is recovering. Mrs Roger Clarke, who is in Perth, is also doing well after having undergone an operation.
     Mr and Mrs A J Mortimer were accorded a magnificent reception by over 200 people in the hall last Saturday night, it being a welcome to Mrs Mortimer. His many friends had also assembled to congratulate the popular Bert on his entering into matrimony. The evening proved a most pleasant one, song, music and dancing being indulged in. During an interval Mr J Bowman presented Mr and Mrs Mortimer with a silver tea and coffee service as well as a substantial cheque on behalf of the people of the district. Mr Bowman said Mr Mortimer was very popular with all residents of the district and everybody was pleased to welcome Mrs Mortimer amongst them. In responding, Mr Mortimer heartily thanked all for their warm welcome home. He was accorded a rousing reception from the tin can band, but got through splendidly.
     During the above function the opportunity was taken, on behalf of the Progress Association, to make presentations to Miss Violet Bowman and Miss M Boxall as an appreciation of their excellent services in being responsible of £136 10s towards ornamental trees and hall improvements. This sum was raised by holding a popular girl competition. Both young ladies received a wristlet watch.
     Last Sunday our football club was unfortunate in not being able to field some of its best players against Arrino, playing a man short during the first half of the game. They were beaten in an evenly-contested match. With the best 18 in and under control Carnamah should be hard to beat.
     It is surprising what little interest is being taken by Road Boards from Moora to Geraldton in the road over the sandplain between Watheroo and Winchester. If no financial support can be given their mutual help would strengthen the case for the Minister. Seemingly settlers in the Midlands are treated as foreigners until the time comes for collecting rates.
     The Commissioner of Railways (Mr Pope) spent the week end here, staying at Davies' Hotel Carnamah. He and his brother attended the reception to Mr and Mrs Mortimer. The Commissioner has taken up land here and his sons are on the property; they hope to get 30-bushel crops in a year or so."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 15 May 1925:
"This year the North Midlands Football Association consists of five clubs, viz, Mingenew, Yandanooka, Arrino, Three Springs and Carnamah. The first round commenced last Sunday, when Three Springs played Mingenew on the latter's ground. Three Springs won by 5.13 to 2.3. H Bryan gave satisfaction as umpire. Carnamah visited Arrino and beat the homers by 4.4 to 2.1. C Maley umpired and gave a fair exhibition. Next Sunday's games will be Yandanooka v Three Springs, at the Springs; Mingenew v Carnamah, at Carnamah."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 22 May 1925:
     "After 14 years' residence in Moora, Mrs E Hellewell, with her three youngest children left here last Saturday morning for Victoria Park, where the family will reside in the future."
     "Mr H. Nairn, of Yarrabubba Station (Murchison) and his sister, Mrs J Shepherd, of Dudewa, passed through Moora on Tuesday, en route to Perth per a Fiat motor car."
     "Murchison Sheep - Some months ago Messrs E and H Nairn trucked 7000 sheep from their Yarrabubba Station, Murchison, to the Carnamah district and grazed them on the property recently acquired from Mr Don McPherson. This property comprises 10000 acres of good grazing land."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 29 May 1925:
Carnamah Notes (From Our Correspondent) Carnamah, May 26
     "Farmers are in the best of spirits owing to the good rainfall during the past fortnight throughout the district. This makes a good start for the season. Most farmers are working their heavy land and a record acreage should result.
     The movement for the sandplain road is quiet at present. The official report on the engineer's inspection is awaited with interest. Prospects seems good and as a portion of the road will be used over which to cart wheat the chance of a Commonwealth grant appears good. Good supplies of gravel are available and if the new road running along ridges east of the railway is approved of not much heavy sand will need to be negotiated. It is to be hoped that the Road Boards throughout the Midlands will support the big appeal which is being made to the Minister for Works to subsidise the work.
     The ordinary meeting of the Progress Association will take place on May 31, when very important business will be discussed.
     It is hoped a weighbridge will be installed here before next harvest.
     Last Sunday the first game of football for the season took place on the local ground between Carnamah and Three Springs. The weather was ideal and a large number of people travelled from Three Springs and elsewhere to witness the game. Carnamah was again unfortunate in not being able to field their best 18, owing to some of their players being out of the district at the time of the match. The final scores were as follows:- Three Springs 12 goals 15 behinds; Carnamah 6 goals 8 behinds. The visitors played a good game and their team work was far superior to that of the local men's. Want of practise was manifest in the Carnamah ranks. Quite a number were at fault with the new rules, but with more practise and the best 18 they should make good. The umpiring was very fair and the game was kept clean and open. Those of the winners who played well were L Gibbs, P Lyons, I Deer, R Andt, G Maley, Anson, M Coffee and F Byrne, J Lynch (best on the ground). Carnamah's best were Raffan (2), Clune, Robertson, McSwain, Tucker, Gibson and R Wylie (who should prove to be a good player on the forward line). It is hoped that B Waldeck will play in the near future. Next Sunday Carnamah visits Yandanooka.
     The football club will hold a dance in the hall next Saturday night, and it is hoped that in future dances will take place fortnightly."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 18 September 1925:
The Hunt (By Tally Ho)
    "No matter how fiercely the clans of Carnamah (waxing bitter over border raids) swear vengeance and put their Dirks on the grindstone as the call each other "Clangamfires," once every year a truce is called for 48 hours. The claymore is turned into a bagpipe and the clans, with a sprinkle of Sassenach friends, headed by the Lairds - Donald and John - start out to indulge in a kangaroo hunt with an occasional "waucht." Recently a small army met at Carnamah House and then off to Yarrie Sandplain - and slaughter. The gentler - but more determined - sex were well represented, among them bein g Mrs F. James on Cushion, Miss Ross on Hup, Miss Bowman of Streak, Miss V Bowman on Flash, Miss D Bowman on Spy and Miss Basford on Taif. The Master (Donald Macpherson) was snug with old Home Again under him, whilst Le Nelle kept Deputy Master John Bowman hanging to the ribbons all day. A pack of fox hounds, direct descendants of those Bruce used to s'ock on to the Sassenachs, were in charge of Percy Macpherson, who had charge of the hunt, with Bert Mortimer as whip. Much was expected of this pack, but without hurting any feelings it may be said (after seeing the hounds hunt) that if any Sassenach in older days allowed dogs like these to catch 'em - well, they deserved all the bites they got.
     The day was perfect, 'roos plentiful, the going good and every horse drilled to the minute and as full of speed and dash as the Great Northern Express with "Dingo" on the throttle. Under these conditions good sport was assured.
     Five minutes after breaking out, a 'roo was started up and with five and twenty horses doing a two-minute gait after him, that 'roo was soon turned into meat. Here the hunt split up into smaller parties and hunted towards the camp for lunch. All the old boomers, who make the pace easy for the horses, were away feeding on the Winchester crops and consequently we were up against flyers all the time and tho' some of them "beat us to it" still when the crowd gathered in camp for lunch 11 'roos were handed to the skinners.
     Preparatory to feeding, the menfolk were all introduced to "Mr McAinslie" and this jovial old Scot soon had everyone in a good gurgling humour and the way the crowd took in the "eats" from the girls reminded me of 12 inch chaffcutters being fed by experts.
     During lunch Auntie and Donald gave an exhibition of the latest jazz steps whilst the rest beat time on each other with oranges. The afternoon was hot and took it out of both hunters and hunted, but before Percy Mac called a halt another 14 'roos were accounted for, with no dogs, so that each 'roo got a run for his life. A return to camp and afternoon tea was partaken of. A speech was delivered and cheers were given for out old pal, Donald Mac, and all expressed hearty thanks to him and John Bowman for a "blithering" day's enjoyment. After a few inspection of the "radiator" we rode for home in the cool of the evening, darned tired - but darned happy also."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 8 January 1926:
"LOST - Between Bullsbrook Hotel and Chittering turn off, on December 12th, one Ford Motor Truck Tyre, 30x5 complete. Finder rewarded on returning to Zeb Green, Carnamah.

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 15 January 1926:
Carnamah Vermin Board - To Whom it May Concern
"Notice is hereby given, under Section 99 of the Vermin Act, 1919, that not later than the 15th of February, 1926, all owners and occupiers of holdings within the Carnamah Vermin District shall commence the work of destroying rabbits on such holdings, and upon the roads bounding and intersecting same, the said work to be systematically carried out to the 30th April, 1926. Method of Destruction: Laying of Poison.
F. E. James, Chairman. 12/1/26."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 15 January 1926:
"Three Springs cricket team met Carnamah on March 15 and were easily beaten by the home team. Carnamah made 220 runs and Three Springs 99. In the return game Three Springs made 116 and Carnamah 114."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 22 January 1926:
Carnamah Notes - Carnamah, January 19
     "Wheat carting is just about finished here. Crops have turned out well. The district has been very free from fires and hail-storms; there being only one fire and two of the latter. The fire was caused by lightning striking Mr Robertson's stables and burning through to a strip of Mr Bowman's crop, about 30 acres of which were destroyed.
     Motor transport has played a big part in wheat carting this season. Cumming Bros shifted 240 bags per day from their farm at Inering, a distance of 10 miles, with their new G.M.C. truck. Ten motor trucks have been employed all the season, some of them at night as well as day. By the end of the season over 100000 bags will have been carted to the station. Farmers have had a great year and are going ahead with further development and improvements.
     There is a boom in New Chev cars in this district. People are talking of changing the name of the town of Chevopolis. The popular "Scotty" [Wylie] states he has sold 26 new cars in this Road Board District this month. This speaks well for the prosperity of the district.
     Mr Donald Macpherson has been on the sick list, but we are pleased to report that he is back with us again, after having been under the care of Dr Myles, of Moora.
     Sport is quiet just now. The cricket club has been unable to get into stride owing to not being able to join up with any association. They have given good accounts of themselves against Coorow and Three Springs. They were beaten by the latter last Sunday, making two wins each.
     The Rifle Club hopes to commence shooting in the near future. A meeting and working bee have been arranged for Sunday next, when applications for rifles will be received. Subscriptions are due. The range will be cleaned up prior to an inspection.
     Last Saturday a meeting of ratepayers of the Central Ward was held to consider the proposed additions to the Carnamah Hall. It was first thought that additions to both sides should be made, but owing to the heavy cost It was decided to built a 15ft lean-to on the east side; this would provide a supper room and extra seating accommodation. The majority of those present were also in favour of the new Road Board Offices being parallel to the street, instead of on an angle, as at present intended. The Chairman of the Road Board (Mr F E James) promised to get further advice on the matter."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 29 January 1926:
Carnamah District Road Board - Electoral Rolls
"Notice is hereby given that a list of persons appearing, entitled to vote at an election of Member of the Board, has been prepared and is open for inspection at the Road Board Office, Carnamah. Copies if this list, for the respective wards, will be posted at
Post Office, Three Springs
Post Office, Winchester
Post Office, Coorow
Residence of V. H. Edwards, Marchagee
All claims and objections must be lodged at this Office of the Board not later than the 31st day of January, 1926.
F. E. James, Chairman."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 5 February 1926:
Carnamah Notes (From our Correspondent) - Carnamah February 2
     "Weather conditions here have been very trying lately. Yesterday it was more so, owing to the opening of the burning off season, as a result of which a few more thousand acres of new land should be ready for the plough during the coming year.
     A great number of settlers are away holidaying. Mr J Bowman and family have just returned from an extensive motor trip through the South-West, travelling nearly 2000 miles with two Chev cars and truck.
     Carnamah cricketers visited Three Springs last Sunday and were beaten by the home team.
     It is hoped that a good number of members of the Rifle Club will be in attendance to put the range in order for inspection.
     The ordinary meeting of the Progress Association will be held next Sunday evening, when several important matters will be discussed."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 7 May 1926:
"Sale by Auction at Carnamah of Townsite Blocks
The Midland Railway Company of W.A., Limited, will offer for Sale
by Public Auction Townsite Blocks at Carnamah, Winchester and Coorow
on Saturday, May 15, 1926 at 3 p.m.
Plans on exhibition at Midland Coy's Railway Stations
For further particulars apply Company's Office, 81 St George's Terrace, Perth, or Station Master, Carnamah
J. J. Poynton, Attorney and General Manager"

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 7 May 1926:
Carnamah Notes (From Our Correspondent) Carnamah May 4.
     "Lately weather conditions have been changeable. The early rains have done much good and early feed is everywhere. One of the soldier settlers has 1200 acres of seed in already and has turned sheep on to this early crop.
     Farming continues to boom in this district and most of the virgin country has now been taken up. A number of new settlers have arrived here recently and they have entered upon their work in an energetic manner. One man arrived with a tractor a month ago and now has 250 acres ready for the plough. Carnamah promises to be the chief wheat-producing centre in the Midlands.
     The township is going ahead and big figures have been paid for frontages to main streets. A branch of the W.A. Bank will probably be opened here shortly. Messrs Manners and Leake, agents for Ford cars, tractors, etc., intend to instal a petrol pump in the near future and erect a new garage.
     Practise shoots take place on the rifle range every Sunday over the short ranges, pending a telephone being installed. Many valuable trophies have been donated for competition. The official opening will take place on a date to be fixed.
     The Road Board is putting a lot of road work in hand and the bad portion of Watson's Hill is to be attended to. It is time the worse portions of the Winchester road had attention.
     The local football team promises to be a strong one this season and with practise should do well. My Tuck[er] is the popular captain and the 18 will take a lot of beating under his able leadership. A practise match was played against Three Springs last Sunday, but owing to being able to field a weak team only the latter were easily beaten. The first association game takes place on Sunday at Carnamah between the local 18 and Arrino."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 14 May 1926:
Carnamah Notes - (From Our Correspondent) - Carnamah May 11
    "Carnamah and Arrino played the opening football match of the season here last Sunday in the presence of a large number of spectators, over 50 motor cars were in evidence. There was a fairly strong wind blowing, keeping the play on the far side of the ground and making it hard for the players to judge the ball. Some good combination play was witnessed on both sides and the spectators were delighted with the fine exhibition of football.
     Arrino played the first quarter with the wind slightly in their favor and scored majors and minors to Carnamah's minor. It was a good quarter, enlivened by pretty hand ball by Carnamah along the top wing. Both teams battled hard, but Arrino's high marking kept them in the lead to the bell. From the bounce in the second quarter it was exciting. Carnamah was on the offensive, continually forcing the ball forward, but Arrino's backs saved splendidly. A peculiar things happened during the term. The ball was kicked out of bounds, yet was taken to the kick off lines by the goalkeeper and played from there; no flag was waved, but the ball was played as though a point had been scored. This was due probably to an oversight on the part of the umpire. At half-time the scores favoured Carnamah.
     The third quarter was splendidly fought by both sides, good, clean high marking being the chief feature. The figures then read: Carnamah 4.3, Arrino 3.7.
     The final term was full of excitement. Carnamah battled hard to maintain their lead, but Arrino kept forcing the ball within scoring distance and scored a six-pointer and a single to on point, and won by 8.4 to 4.4. Carnamah had great support from the fair sex.
     Last Saturday night the cricket club held a dance to wind up the season. The energetic and popular secretary (Mr E. J. Clark) was presented with a beautiful travelling rug in recognition of his valuable services to the club. Mr Robinson made the presentation. Mr Clark suitably acknowledged the gift."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 28 May 1926:
ALONG THE LINE - North of Moora (Following Greenough, Dongara, Mingenew, Three Springs)
    "Carnamah and Surrounding Districts are showing commendable enterprise. The soldier settlers, especially at Inering, are maintaining all the best traditions of the A.I.F in talking all difficulties with a stout heart. Giving all the assistance of the Board, there is no question, but that the have worked wonders in the short three years of the settlement. Seeding is nearly finished in areas up to 700 acres will be under crop when all is finished.  Every post has been made a winning post by these men, who are determined to clear off all the liabilities in the very shortest time possible. Up-to-date farming methods are followed and wherever possible the tractor is seen speeding on the work.
     What may be termed the older settler are just as full of energy, and so considerable increase in land under crop is being effected, Mr. J Bowman, with about 2000 acres planted, about heads the list.
A pleasing feature of the Carnamah people is that the farmers seem just as enthusiastic as the townspeople to advance the town. In the town itself the progress has been rapid within the last two years, as has been referred to from time to time in these columns. New buildings are being erected and projected. Mr. Parkin, the enterprising coach builder, etc, has an electric producing plant, which now lights up his own and Mr. Kroschel's refreshment rooms and will be, no doubt gradually extended to the rest of the town. Altogether the town is showing the most enterprising spirit and is full of hopes for the future.
Continuing south Winchester is likewise reporting increased areas under fallow as well as new clearing."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 17 June 1926:
Carnamah News
"Owing to poor attendance at the recent meeting of the Progress Association to protest against the hours allotted the stationmaster; no finality was reached in the matter. It affects the district generally and residents should back the association in its fight for more convenient hours.
The football club has elected a new selection committee, comprising G Raffin, A Rocke and J P Lynch.
Mr G H Glaskin, the energetic secretary of the Road Board, is progressing satisfactorily after having undergone a serious operation.
The crossing over the lakes have suffered damage by recent floods and travelers complain about their bad state.  The powers that be no doubt will effect the necessary repairs in the near future."

From The Sunday Times newspaper, Sunday 24 October 1926:
With the Wheat Growers - A Trip Through Carnamah & Three Springs
Waddy Forest and the Inering Estate Visited - By O.P.F.
"    'For they are Jolly good fellows, for .....' This will not unlikely continue to go down through the ages, where convivial gatherings are held and lusty voices acclaim goodwill and men mutually honour friends and strangers at the social board. But they have a way of doing these things in the country with telling effect. Country dinners and such like functions dwell pleasantly in the memory.
The declarations or good fellowship on several occasions during a recent series of social gatherings did not apply to some parliamentarians, for they had failed to respond to the invitation of Mr. C. C. Maley, M.L.A. for the vast Irwin electorate, to join in a trip through the beautiful and rich lands in his constituency. The affirmations of camaraderie were directed to a small party of visitors from Perth, and vice-versa, to the hospitable tillers of the soil, in some instances, their good ladies who Iive in those regions. In most cases the rural dwellers were those who, having acquired land in the Midland Company's areas had been obliged to work out their fortunes for better or worse in any way other than by Government aid. It is significant in this respect that they had few, very few, complaints against anyone. They exhibited a robustness of zeal and an air of pride at having accomplished something worthy of emulation and acknowledgment.
     Mr. Charlie Maley is deservedly proud of his political charge and there was much evidence that many people in this big district realise he can accomplish many things in their interests without filling pages of "Hansard" with rhetorical utterances.
Nowhere, probably, than in the Midland country during the past few years has there been more practical signs of a utilisation of  the available large tracts of land for agricultural pursuits, and many primary producers from the Eastern States  have taken up holdings for closer settlement. Those best equipped with discerning judgment pin their faith to the better class country along the Midland line, at the. Name time admitting that the lighter lands in the same localities will ultimately come under cultivation and prove to be highly satisfactory under a rotation system of cropping. Of late much land has changed hands, the purchasers feeling sure they have procured cheap blocks despite the raising of values in substantial measure by the original buyers. Some of this land, too, is of the lighter scrub country. A keen South Australian farmer after surveying all wheat districts and studying statistics closely, recognised the maintenance of a higher average grain yield than  elsewhere, and quite recently "dropped his swag" out from Three Springs on the Perenjori-road. "This will do me nicely," he observed.
Waddy Forest.
     Starting out from Carnamah, a township displaying evidence of progress by the building of a new brick enlargement of the public hall, and similarly for the Western Australian Bank agency, Mr. Maley piloted his party through Winchester and thence to the Waddy Forest settlement about eight miles  eastward from Coorow. This rising district only shows development covering a  five years' period, but in that time the countryside has been transformed in a marked degree, for it is dotted everywhere by farms in the making, and many which have reached the stage of settled advancement with homesteads of comfortable proportions and general farm equipment. That nature has so rapidly yielded to the producers' efforts and the improvements and developmental activities are so pronounced, demonstrates forcibly the amount of energy and labour applied by these who have made their homes at Waddy. Mr. Gronow, in his second year, is cropping 700 acres. The Hyde Bros, who two years ago took over an improved property, have 1700 acres under crop this season, while Mr. K. E. Jones has 1000 acres approaching harvest. Mr. F. W. Roberts, who is an indefatigable grafter, has 1000 acres in yield. He was one of the first settlers there, and mentioned taking 682 bags from 52 acres on a first year's fallow some four years back. Showing what can be done with tractors. Mr. Roberts said that two tractors, working day and night, prepared 1050 acres in three weeks. The soil is friable, and responds to proper working. Mr. W. Morcombe has a splendid crop of fallow, which should yield remarkably well. Into the life of Waddy Mr. Liebe and Mr. Klein, of Wubin fame, have entered with their well-known zest for wheat production. One of the biggest producers in Western Australia on his Wubin property, Mr. Liebe has now taken up 30,000 acres of Waddy country, and in 12 months these partners have broken up the forest and sown 1800 acres, and are now looking with great expectations to having 4000 or 5000 acres in production next year. These farmers are imbued with an unceasing desire to break records as agriculturists. Mr. Underwood also has a fine property at Waddy, and his daughter looks after the education of some 30 children at this centre.
     The settlers at Waddy hope to see the extension of the railway from Miling northwards between the Midland and Government lines, and as there is undoubtedly some fine country there the expansion of the railway system will doubtless be made a prominent question before long. There is a live progress association, headed by Mr. K. E. Jones as president and Mr. Gronow as hon. secretary, with an energetic body of men to push things along. The visitors were motored round the district, and could not fail to be impressed with the rapid progress made by the settlers. An excellent luncheon was prepared and spread by the ladies in the local hall and duly enjoyed.
S. B. Rudduck's Model Farm.
     A detour from Waddy was made in order to permit  a visit to Mr. S. B. Rudduck's  property further south between Coorow and Marchagee, which at once appealed to the visitors as a remarkably well-laid-out and organised farming proposition. The spacious  farm buildings and the comfortable looking homestead, surrounded by flower beds and shrubs presented a picture of absolute neatness and giving evidence of careful attention and method in all respects. The somewhat dreary aspect of some large farms with their extensive paddocks stretching as far as the eye can see, is not to be found on Mr. Rudduck's property. The main blocks of these 18,000 acres are marked out in division by a chain break of forest in its natural state and this retention of trees and under growth is a strikingly pleasant feature of the landscape, though possibly serving the owner in a more practical sense by reason of its use as a breakwind and utilisation as shade for stock and in other ways. The land was taken up in 1906, but  it was a few years later before active farming operations were in hand on a telling scale. Mr. Rudduck for some years has been an invalid, but, in spite of his sore affliction, he has, with aid of his wife and family, continued to carry out his ideas with conspicuous success. He cheerily greeted his unexpected visitors, who were shown one or two of the nearest paddocks by his son. A heavy crop of Burt's Early oats was being cut, and, was expected to yield three tons of hay to the acre, while, a magnificent field of Yandilla King was anticipated to go as high as 40 bushels. Nabawah is also grown freely on his land, of which this season there are 1339 acres under crop. Mr. Rudduck favours the crossbred lamb trade, and has some fine sheep in his fields, while his young draught horses near the homestead attracted favourable comments from the inspection party during its hurried survey of this model farm.
     Round about Carnamah and Winchester there is a pleasant vista of undulating country, at the present  time speckled in green and gold, with patches of red and brown interspaced where the fallow fields are being prepared for next season's cropping. While the majority of crops are just in the ear-filling stage some of the early-sown are colouring and fast approaching the harvesting stage and there is every promise of a splendid return, both from the forest country and the lighter plain patches, which in lesser area have been cultivated and in some instances show wonderful results. While, on the whole, the crops on the west of the railway in the region of the Yarra Yarra Lakes are not so prolific as those on the eastern slopes, many payable crops are growing close to the lakes, the land being productive to within a very short distance of the water. Around the other portions of Carnamah are waving fields of hay and corn gladdening the hearts of those who will reap the harvest and alike of those who are otherwise interested In the progress of the district.
     Agriculturists display a genuine delight in showing townfolk that they appreciate now and again a visit from those whose business keeps them chiefly confined in the city. The Carnamah Progress  Association were "all out" in their efforts to welcome  the visitors with abundant hospitality, and at the finish Mr. John Bowman (president). Mr. Glaskin (hon. secretary), Mr. A. S. Cumming, Mr. Joseph Balmer, Mr. George Catto, Mr. Green, Mr. J. Frame, and others, had almost run their guests to a standstill with the member for the district as a most effective whipper-in. "Carnamah has the goods" was a local slogan, and the farmers roundabout convincingly demonstrated the fact by the time their tour of the locality had been concluded. The district cannot possibly lag behind while such pushful people plough its fields and traverse its thoroughfares.
Inering Estate.
     In the delightful run through miles of swaying stalks with banknotes on their tops, the party was piloted through the Inering Estate, now being cultivated by returned soldiers and sailors who were put in occupation by the Repatriation Department. This splendid piece of country, repurchased from Mr. Arthur Darling, comprises 16,000 acres, and it looks like turning out a gold mine for those located there. The Government took over the property in 1922, and 14 ex-soldiers and two ex-sailors took up their abode there. Though there were some improvements on portion of the estate, these settlers were grafters, and only three of them now remain in debt to the board, the others having cleared themselves - some on their second season's results. It is a remarkable achievement and stands high to the credit of the young men who have made ''Inering" a name to be marvelled at. These zealous producers estimate that they will send 40,000 bags of wheat from the estate this harvest.  The rainfall, to date this year is 16½ inches, and one of the Cumming brothers - Andrew, Colin, and Donald - stated that the records show the average on the estate to be very satisfactory, the fall this year, during the growing period - May-September -  being 10.89 inches. "Inering" is 12 miles in a north-easterly direction from Carnamah, with a good elevation, a splendid view of the surrounding country being visible from many points. It is hardly necessary to note that there were no complaints from the settlers in this region. It is a case of hard work and a just reward well earned. The tourists were treated to a fine luncheon, al fresco style, by the Cumming brothers on their property, and it was heartily enjoyed by all.  The opportunity was taken by the assemblage to toast the health and prosperity of Mr. Andrew Cumming and Mr. Geo. Catto, who shortly enter into matrimony.
Three Springs.
     The rich agricultural soils of the Three Springs district have been before the public notice for many years, and its fame as a wheat-producing centre of importance is maintained by its consistent results in production. The contour of the country there abouts is decidedly pleasing to the eye, and the landscape at the present time of the year is a perfect picture of intense agricultural development. There are large holdings in this locality, but the owners are cropping heavily and carrying big flocks. Mr. Charlie Maley's fine property, which covers a large piece of countryside, is looking at its best, and he showed the visitors over an extensive portion of his holding, some magnificent crops being passed through during the inspection. He said he has 6000 acres in crop this season, and had shorn 10,000 sheep. Quite a variety of wheats are grown, including Nabawah, Yandilla King, Walker's Wilfred, and Merredin being most in evidence. The Lynch brothers - one of whom is Senator P. J. - have a big property a few miles out, and they have expended a tidy sum and much energy in bringing it into the front rank of mixed farming holdings in the Midland areas. Mr. J. K. Hebiton has demonstrated his thorough methods of farming to be fruitful, and he has been mainly instrumental in attaching to Three Springs the honour of being the champion wheat-producing district in the State. One of the best wheat crops observed was a strip of about 50 acres of Yandilla King on the property of Mr. Keith Glyde, about a mile from the township. It should yield very heavily.
     The Three Springs folk also honoured the visitors touring their district by a dinner at the local hotel, the gathering being presided over by Mr. Franklin. Faith in the country to uphold its reputation for producing high-quality milling wheat and good stock was the dominant note in the optimistic speeches delivered, and  the importance of the primary producer in the general development of Western Australia was heartily acknowledged."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 23 April 1927:
Progress of Carnamah - A Little Town with a Big Future
       "Nothing gives us more pleasure then to note that a town in the district is growing and daily becoming of more importance in the district in which it is located. Time was when Carnamah was little more than a name but those days have passed, and to-day, through the energy of its citizens and the industry of its surrounding farmers, the name of Carnamah is daily becoming more significant along the Midland railway line.
        No doubt there are bigger and better places than Carnamah, but few, we think, that have gone so earnestly to work to raise  itself out of the sloth which so imperil the progress of country towns. An example of this new spirit is to be seen in the fine stone frontage which was lately added to the hall. The old hall was spacious and a good specimen of its kind, but the new front lends a distinctly superior touch to it and stands as a monument to the foresight of the people of Carnamah. The new Western Australian Bank is another imposing building, and in the near future five private residences are to be erected in the town.
        Through the enterprise of H. Parkin & Son, of Carnamah, the town will shortly be provided with an electric lighting system. In fact the plant has already been installed, but the voltage was too low for town lighting and a higher voltage plant will have to be fitted. The old system was a 32 volt one, but the new one is to be a 220 volt, which is ample for the work required. All the residents of the town have agreed to have the light installed, and Carnamah will soon be able to boast that it is among the first of the Midland towns to provide itself with electric light.
        Another sure indication that Carnamah is becoming recognised is contained the fact that business men are opening their eyes to the possibilities of the place. Mr. T. J. Berrigan, of Three Springs, intends to carry on business in the township, and he is so impressed with the possibilities that he is building a commodious residence in Carnamah with the intention of removing thence from Three Springs. Recently a new Ford agency and trading company was established, and these people intend to build a garage in the very near future.
        All these things point to progress and prosperity, and as this prosperity is being built on the sure foundation of primary production, for it is to the surrounding farmers that the townspeople owe their position, we predict that it will be lasting, and that in time Carnamah will be a fitting monument to the industry of the pioneers who first made the district and laid the foundation stones of the present prosperity."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, 30 April 1927:
Carnamah Road Board
"The usual monthly meeting of the above Board was held in the Road Board office on the 19th inst., the members being present were Messrs James and Byrne (Three Springs Ward), Robertson and Watson (Carnamah Ward), Lawson (Winchester Ward) and F. R. Bryant (South Ward). Mr. A. A. McGilp was unanimously elected chairman for the ensuing year. Messrs Lawson, Watson, and Robertson were appointed as a Finance Committee. The monthly statement showed a credit balance in each ward and the ratepayers auditor's report was adopted as presented. Correspondence was read and received from:- Main Roads Board, re Board's liability for fencing, declaration of the Main Road, intention to carry out improvements to the Jun Jun Road, and appointments for deputations. Lands Department intimating their intention to survey a townsite in Marchagee. Mr. A. E. Green, M.H.R., regarding postal facilities at Carnamah. It was decided to ask the Lands Department for their reasons in refusing the deviation of the Telegraph Road through Mr. J. M. Tully's property. The Board resolved to call tenders for the leasing of Geebulla Reserve, containing 640 acres, for a period of 12 months. The owners of petrol bowsers in the district which are erected on public roads and streets will require to pay an annual fee of £1/1/-. The Board decided to protest against the proposed changes under the copyright act for copyrighted music being played in the halls of the district. Owing to only one tender being received for the sinking of the well at Carnamah, it was decided to extend the closing date for the tenders a further fortnight. Mr. J. Salters' tender for road clearing at 4/- per chain was accepted for Morgans Roads, as also was Mr. F. Armstrong's tender of 4/- for clearing a road to Francis Bros' property. It was resolved that the poundkeeper should retain 60 per cent of the fees collected as recompense for his services. The secretary  was appointed Health Inspector. Mr. F. E. James gave notice of motion to rescind the previous motion for the Board to construct a road through E. K. Byrne's property top connect with the Main Geraldton Road. Mr. R. J. Fogarty was instructed to carry out a further 6 chains of forming and gravelling on the Three Springs-Perenjori Road. The Board have decided to clear the Coorow and Winchester cemeteries and to construct a the approach road to the Winchester cemetery. The following tenders were authorised to be called:- 50 chains box forming and gravelling on Waddy Road; 40 chains box forming and gravelling on Bowmans Road; 24 chains of clearing on Prowaka Road. The truck gang is to carry out minor repairs to Hausslers Road and then go to Three Springs Ward and work on the Dudawa Road. Accounts totalling £931/-/1 were passed for payment."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
"Parkin and Sons - Carnamah. Motorists and others will be interested to learn that Mr. Parkin, of Parkin and Sons, Carnamah, has installed an engine pump for inflating tyres. With this excellent aid, Mr. Parkin has succeeded in abolishing the old laborious method of pumping tyres by hand or foot. Parkin and Sons are becoming widely known for their enterprise and their service to motorists is becoming renowned throughout the district, while their steam valcanizer has been of great use on may occasions. Parkin and Sons are also agents for Mallochs Power Lift Mould Board Plough, and district agents for Lister engines and lighting plants."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
"D. S. O'Grady - Carnamah. The garage of D. S. O'Grady, Carnamah, is one that motorists can enter without fear of encountering incompetent workmanship or excessive prices. In fact it is becoming a by-word among the motoring fraternity, who have had experience of his skill and the despatch of his service, that O'Grady is a dependable man to whom repairs are necessary. Being a far-sighted man, Mr. O'Grady realises that Carnamah has a great future before it, and, not to be behind the times he is, in the near future installing new machinery which will make the garage one of the most up-to-date on the Midland line."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
"Footpaths in Carnamah. It is interesting to note that several workmen are at present engaged laying out and constructing footpaths in Carnamah. The building of footpaths for the present, will be confined to McPherson Street, but although there have been rumours that asphalting is to shortly took place, this is not quite correct. The construction of the footpaths was undertaken more as a drainage scheme then anything else, in order to keep water off adjoining town blocks. The footpaths will be built up, kerbed and gravelled for the present, but it is understood that if they prove a success, the remainder of the important town footpaths will be similarly treated in due course."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
"One of the finest cars to be seen in any district is the new Buick sports model owned by Mr. Arthur White of Winchester. We have not seen a more attractive car even in Perth. Mrs. White at the wheel makes an able and charming driver."
"We are pleased to make note that, after quite a lot of trouble. Mr. J. M. Haig of the Winchester district now making good progress in plowing operations."
"After a period of absence in the city, Mrs. T. White of Winchester arrived home on Friday night with a bonny son. Friends welcomed both Mrs. White and the "new arrival" at the siding."
"Mr. J. Bradley (of lime and stone fame, by the way) has just taken hold of a new Fordson tractor at his Winchester holding. We wish him the best of success."
"After a severe illness, the many friends of Mr. I. W. Knight of Winchester will be pleased to hear that he has returned home from the Moora Hospital and is well on the road to recovery."
"Noticed always spic and span, the new Chrysler car owned by Mr. J. Hunter of Winchester."
"We've always had a tribute for good, sold, honest workers, hence the good progress of cropping operations on the holdings of Messrs. Haussler and Zuegg.  Also noticed fine appearance of latest Oldsmobile Six."
"Mr. E. Hellewell, from the Moora district, has been appointed sanitary and rubbish contractor to the Carnamah Road Board, and will shortly be taking up duties in that town."
"Carnamah has another new resident in Mr. Harry Lorraine, who was secured vide medium of Denny Bros. To act as driver to the Road Board Reo trucks."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
Carnamah Cricket Club
"After a highly successful season, the Carnamah Cricket Club emerged from the fray with the coveted honour - premiers for the year. Carnamah is combined with the Central Eastern Association, which comprises in addition, teams from Merkanooka, Perenjori, Three Springs and Gutha. By coming out on top, the Carnamah Club will thus win the trophy promised by Mr. Charlie Maley."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
Health of Carnamah
"For some considerable time past, Carnamah has been progressing rapidly, but it is only this week that one item, of particular importance was finalised - the appointment of a sanitary and general health contractor. In the past the disposal of refuse and general town rubbish has had no guiding hand, with the result that anything but a healthy state of affairs existed. Now, however, things will be conducted in an orderly style. Further details will be supplied later in connection with this matter, as it is also understood that the man appointed will act as pound-keeper."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
Carnamah Rifle Club Meeting
"A meeting of the Carnamah Rifle Club was held on Tuesday, May 3rd. It was decided that in the future the club will have an A and B grade. The B Grade will be for those members who have not scored over 20 over any one range. On Sunday a prize shoot will be held on the Carnamah range. The first prize for the B Grade will be a handsome biscuit barrel, while a fine Club Spoon will be go to the best man among the A Graders. An invitation was received from the Mingenew Club to hold a friendly shoot in the near future. This matter will be finalised on the range on Sunday. The prize shoot on Sunday will commence at 10 a.m., and a good attendance is expected."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
New Venture at Coorow
"Coorow seems to be moving slowly but surely. In addition to the hotel possibilities elsewhere referred to, it is understood that a new shop will shortly be built at a central and convenient spot. The business of Mrs. L. S. Bingham - a shop, typical of country establishments where one can purchase anything from the proverbial needle to the equally proverbial anchor - has so far proved its stability that in the near future a commencement will be made in the construction of new, commodious, and up-to-date premises on the opposite side of the [railway] line from the present shop. It is understood that Mr. Bingham recently purchased two admirable town blocks from Mr. A. H. Jones, and that plans and specifications for the new structure are already under progress."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
Fancy Dress Ball
"A grand march and fancy dress ball will be held in the Carnamah Town Hall on Saturday, May 14. Speaking from experience we know the floor is good and as those responsible for the ball assure us that the music will be first-class, and enjoyable evening can be looked forward to. Prizes will be given for the best set, the most original lady and gent, the best dressed lady and gent, and for the best poster. The ball will be in aid of the children's cot in the Children's Hospital, Perth."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
The Wheat Stack
"The tightly packed, yellow bags of wheat which for the last five or six months have been the dominating feature of the railway yards along the Midland line are gradually disappearing. In fact some have disappeared altogether, the latest to do so being Mingenew, which saw the last bag loaded on to the truck on Monday, May 2nd. The lumpers started on this stack at the end of November, last year, and in the ensuing five months they have loaded 42697 bags. Three Springs and Carnamah should be the next two places to clear up."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
Wireless in Carnamah
"When Marconi completed the wonderful invention which has revolutionised the world - of course we speak of wireless - he gave the greatest boon to country folks that could possibly be imagined. An illustration of this is shown in Carnamah, where Mr. Pearn, of the Carnamah Trading and Agency Co., beguiles the boys of the town by giving them all the latest football and racing news hot from the grounds. The other day Mr. Pearn was fortunate enough to tune into the big wrestling match which took place in Melbourne, and he spent an enjoyable time in listening to an event which was taking place on the other side of the continent. Several others in Carnamah have wireless sets including Mr. T. Parkin, who often has an enjoyable evening with his four valve set."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
Possibility of Hotel at Coorow
"Passing through the Coorow district a few days ago - an area, by the way, which is progressing with marked rapidity - several interesting discussions on the pros and cons of a hotel for that town were heard. Of course, anyone can go ahead and build a hotel, but it is quite another thing to secure official recognition in the way of an approved license. As far as the writer could gather, the advent of a hotel would be a boon to the town and district, and there is not likely to be any opposition. The distance from Moora to Carnamah is 77 miles, with 17 miles from Coorow to Carnamah, and 60 to the other side, so that apart from the local convenience, the travelling public would greatly benefit. Various suggestions have been made, and more than one prospective license has been mentioned, but we understand that Mr. Gloster, of the Moora Hotel, is keenly interested therein."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
Road Board. "The next meeting of the Carnamah Road Board will be held in the local Board office on Tuesday, May 17, commencing at 1.30 p.m."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
New Carnamah Building
"The well-known Carnamah agent, Mr. C. Robertson, is now building his long needed town office on the corner of McPherson Street, next to premises occupied by Mr. Andrews' butchery establishment. In addition to his many other representations, Mr. Robertson has recently been appointed local agent for Messrs Harris Scrafe and Sandovers. In addition to being a popular citizen, a good footballer and a fine sportsman, it speaks volumes for Mr. Robertson's thoroughness in his every-day work when there are at present no less than 33 McCormock-Deering tractors and ten International trucks in the district controlled by him."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
Coorow Notes
"If there are any readers not already aware of the fact, they will be interested to learn that banking facilities are obtainable at Coorow. For the specific convenience of farmers and district residents, a branch of the Bank of New South Wales has been established in premises provided for the purpose by Mr. H. W. Bothe, and Mr. Laurie, from Moora, conducts banking business during Wednesday and Thursday of each week. Mr. Bothe has also built a new store on the main road to Carnamah, almost on the same site as the old shop (opposite the railway station), which is almost complete while in addition to the conveniences previously provided, the travelling public and residents in general will be glad to learn that Mrs. Bothe has had constructed a new dinning room and an extra bedroom. Hospitality and fare is all that could be wished for, and typical of the spirit of the country, no matter what the hour, nobody is ever "turned down."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 7 May 1927:
North Midlands Football Association
"A meeting of delegates was held at Arrino on Sunday, May 1st, to make arrangements for the season's football. The following clubs sent delegates, Mingenew, Arrino and Carnamah. The Three Springs Club was not represented. It was agreed to commence playing on May 15th with four clubs. Applications from Morawa-Merkanooka and Coorow clubs to join the association were refused, as delegates considered that the extra travelling necessary would be an impossibility with the present state of the roads. Three applications were received for the position of central umpire, and E. R. Jolley was appointed. The other two requested an increase in the travelling allowance offered by the association. Clearances were granted to A. Roche, East Fremantle to Carnamah; G. Glaskin, Cottesloe Beach to Carnamah; Addicoat, Belmont to Carnamah; and M. Bryan, Wickepin to Three Springs. The following are the fixtures for the first round:- May 15: Mingenew v. Three Springs, Arrino v. Carnamah. May 22: Carnamah v. Mingenew, Three Springs v. Arrino. May 29: Mingenew v. Arrino, Three Springs v. Carnamah. All matches are to be played on the ground of the first named Club, commencing at 2.30 p.m. sharp."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday, 14 May 1927:
Dish Drains - in Carnamah Town - Reader Suggest Hum Pipe (To the Editor)
"Sir - I'm not a motorist - never have been - although I do hope to own a second-hand flivver one of these days, but if I was one, I'd feel like offering to drive the members of the Carnamah Road Board around the town streets ten times a day for at least three weeks. My complaint particularly concerns the prolific growth of dish drains in the town of which I am a resident. These ungainly and ugly looking storm water drains - they can't be called anything else - are an absolute disgrace. The only people in town who would probably be found to be in favour of them are such business men as O'Grady, or Parkin & Sons, who might see good business out of broken springs, or the doctor at Three Springs, or even chaps like Trotter and Rogers, who sell sticking plaster for broken ankles, damaged motorists (and passengers) and iodine and embrocation for sprained legs etc., but those gentleman are a minority. Can the Road Board tell me through your paper why the------they don't go in for Hume pipes or something more up to date. If this is a sample of town planning artistry, then my ideas on the point are plumb loco! Your etc. "Bung Leg.""

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday, 14 May 1927:
Carnamah Sanitary Site - Dish Drains, Etc. - Some Queries (To the Editor)
"Sir - There are a one or two little matters I would like to bring under notice of readers in general and that Carnamah Road Board in particular, which to my way of thinking are somewhat inconsistent with Carnamah's reputation (hitherto preserved without blemish) for doing things in the right and proper way. The first is the location of the town sanitary site, only recently decided upon, so I understand. The site chosen is about ten miles away from Carnamah and somewhere out behind Winchester. For the life of me I cannot see why a spot should be chosen so far away from town, and even the Perth city Council's sanitary site is nothing like ten miles distant. The argument that in these days of motor transport ten miles is a mere nothing might be all right from a Road Board point of view, but I don't think ten miles very trip is going to synchronize with good service from the contractor's point of view. I see by the last issue of the "Index" that Mr. Hellewell, from Moora, has been appointed contractor. I don't know that man, but I wouldn't like his job - unless, of course, I got well paid for every ten miles I travelled. There are plenty other good sites much closer to the town, especially around the salt lake district - a matter of not more then four miles distant at the outside. If it is not too much trouble, perhaps, the secretary of the Road Board would let us know the reason for going half way to Perth for a town trip of this nature. Your etc., PUZZLED."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 21 May 1927:
Business Change in Carnamah - Arrival of Mrs. E. Cowderoy
"A recent arrival in Carnamah is Mrs. E. Cowderoy, who has taken over the proprietorship of Wylie's store from Mr. Wylie who is shortly to open a General Motors Showroom. The store passed into the hands of Mrs. Cowderoy on Monday last and, although she intends to run all the old lines, Mrs. Cowderoy is going to pay particular attention to drapery, millinery and boots and shoes. Mrs. Cowderoy is herself a milliner, and will be prepared to accept orders for hats made to measure. The present quarters in Wylie's old store are only temporary, and in a very short time new premises will be erected on the corner block right opposite the Carnamah railway station. Next week Mrs. Cowderoy will receive a special consignment of new season's goods, which will be the latest of Perth fashions in millinery, drapery and footwear. Something of the sort has been a long felt want in Carnamah, and we have no hesitation in saying that once the people round about have sampled the quality stocked by Mrs. Cowderoy they will deeply appreciate the ability and courtesy of a most capable connoisseur."
[Note: The corner referred to is the south east corner of Yarra and Macpherson Streets]

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 21 May 1927:
Successful Carnamah Event - Masquerade Event
"Judging from the figues available, the masquerade, plain and fancy dress ball, held in the Carnamah hall on Saturday last, should go a long way towards, if not wholly, providing a Carnamah "Cot" in the Perth public hospital. Under the very able management of Mr. Leo Jest as M.C. and the preliminary arrangements of the Misses D. Stephens, H. Murray, W. Lang and E. Green the affair was a great success, while the ministrations of a local orchestra composed of Mrs. Wells (piano), Mrs. Catto (violin), and Mr. T. Twaddle (drum and jazz effects) must not be forgotten. A big crowd was present, including many people from Three Springs and Coorow. Although most people thought plain clothes sufficient for the occasion a fair number donated motley, and lent animation and color to the scene. Miss M. Turner, whose Afghan costume representing Amgoorie Coffee, won the prize for most original lady, was commented upon by a number of people. Another costume to win approval both from the judges and the crowd was that of Mr. Pat Rooke, who was bandaged from heat to foot in an effort to convince motorists of the folly of neglecting to use Feredo brake lining. Miss Ruby Ashton's colourful Tin Tex costume was exceedingly well got up and deserved the prize awarded to it. Mr. T. Lee made a fascinating pirouet, while Mr. F. Byrnes, in a Mexican rig-out, cut a very dashing figure. The pretty effect gained by Miss E. Green whose white frock bedecked with Silver Star advertisements, proclaimed what she represented. The Grand March at 10 p.m. was very effectual, and the array of costumes gave the judges, Mesdames Kroschel, Mortimer, and James, a very difficult task indeed. Eventually they arrived at the following conclusions. Best dressed lady, Miss Ruby Ashton as Tin Tex; Best dressed gent, Mr. Thomas Lee as Pirouet; Most original lady, Miss M. Turner as Amgoorie Coffee; Most original gent, Mr. Fred Byrnes as a Mexican; Best poster, ladies, Miss E. Green with Silver Starch; Best poster, gents, Mr. Pat Rooke as Feredo brake lining. The business people of Carnamah were exceedingly kind in donating prizes, while the stage decorations done by the ladies committee were exceedingly well carried out. Dancing was carried out until the early hours of the morning."
[Note: correct spelling of the M.C.'s surname is Jost]

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 11 June 1927:
Football - Carnamah v. Arrino
"The match between Carnamah and Arrino, played at Carnamah on Sunday last, was exciting to watch and closely fought right to the final bell. It was a ding-dong struggle, and though Arrino eventually won by 5.3 to 4.7, it was only as a result of a goal scored by Arrino in the last few minutes of the game. Outstanding players for Arrino were Gus Cousins, A. Durack, C. Maley, Ferguson, Wedge and G. Coyusin, while Carnamah's shining lights were:- L. Ferguson, C. Macon, H. Rockie, G. Raffan, Edwards."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 11 June 1927:
Carnamah Building Activity - Mr. L. W. Rogers
"If building activity is a sign of progress, then Carnamah is the most progressive town in this district. We have from time to time published details of various new premises in the course of erection and the latest to talk of extending his business is Mr. L. W. Rogers. Speaking to our representative the other day, Mr. Rogers said that the extent of his hardware trade called for a special section of his store to deal with it. He has, therefore, decided to erect a commodious building alongside his present establishment for the purpose of handling hardware as a separate line from his regular business. As soon as the new building is finished, Mr. Rogers intends to obtain a comprehensive stock and he assures us that he will carry all lines for the convenience of Carnamah and district residents and farmers, thus saving them the bother of sending to Perth for those hardware requirements which are not usually stocked in general stores."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 11 June 1927:
Three Springs Hospital - Girls' Club Ball
"The Carnamah Girls' Club is holding a ball in the Agricultural Hall on Saturday, June 18, in aid of the Three Springs hospital appeal. All possible arrangements will be made to ensure the success of the affair and it is to be hoped that the dancing public will turn up in force to help well the funds of a worthy cause."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 11 June 1927:
Carnamah's Clock
"Carnamah at lasts boasts a clock for the adornment of its most imposing buildings, the Road Board Office and Public Hall. The casual passerby might not see it, that is of course if he was not a Carnamahite, but he would not remain ignorant long before some local lad pointed out the timepiece. It is said by some residents that the position of the clock over the door is such that is palpably a Road Board job, but we are not so unkind as to add to or detract from this contention, leaving the matter where it is, to say nothing of the clock. The clock was donated by Mr. R. Mackie."

From The Geraldton Express newspaper, 14 October 1927:
Carnamah Church - A Visitor's Impressions
"Visitors to Carnamah recently were greatly impressed with the beauty of the little non-conformist church that has been completed there - a pleasing little stone structure to the outside view and remarkably well appointed within. A powerful little organ, capable of providing a recital for the township has been installed, while the pews and pulpit and nicely arranged, and the adequate installation of electric light is a feature.
Nothing could be more modern or up-to-date than this neat-looking house of worship, and it is a pity that other townships adjacent do not try to do similarly. A nice church is not only an incentive to worship, but it also adds prestige to the town."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 18 June 1927:
"A Good Proposition. Although it is greatly to be regretted that Mr. T. J. Berrigan, of Three Springs, has found it necessary to leave that centre to take up residence in Carnamah, someone will be happy, and that one will be he who is lucky enough to take advantage of the offer of Mr. Berrigan's [Three Springs] business which is advertised for sale elsewhere in this issue. Mr. Berrigan has been in the Three Springs' district for many years, and during that time he has built up what is claimed to be the best commission agency business along the Midland line. The man who purchases the present business is reaping the fruits of many years hard work and he will indeed start off with an advantage vouched to a few men when they start a new business. To those whop are seeking a paying means of livelihood we have no hesitation in saying that the opportunity offered by Mr. Berrigan's removal is one that should not be lost. Opportunity comes but once in the lives of most men, so ring or call on Mr. Berrigan before it is too late."
[Note: advertisements in The Irwin Index reveal the Three Springs agency business was sold to O. S. Sowerby]

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 18 June 1927:
"Innering Post Office - For some months past Innering Estate has been without a post and telegraph office, but now this sad state of affairs has been remedied. The telephone exchange, previously located at the home of Cumming Bros., has now been taken over by Mr. and Mrs. George Salter, who intend to run it on strictly departmental lines. The settlers of Innering are extremely fortunate at having these popular people as post and telegraph custodians. A telephone exchange is very much of a tie, as is generally recognised, but Mr. and Mrs. Salter rather than see the telephonic telegraphic facilities lost to the district gave the exchange a home. This may not be generally known so the "Index" takes this opportunity of informing interested readers that telegrams and telephone calls may now be taken direct to Inering.

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 25 June 1927:
"Mrs. Lawson, an old and respected resident of Winchester, passed away at her home at the latter portion of last week. She was buried at the new Winchester cemetery on Monday last. Our deepest sympathy is extended to the sorrowing relatives."
"Mr. A. C. Bierman has taken over the secretarial duties of the Carnamah Road Board until such a time as Mr. G. A. Glaskin resumes his position. Mr. Glaskin has been absent for some time now undergoing an operation, but should return in some months' time. Mr. Bierman, his successor, recently returned from a holiday in the Eastern States, prior to which he held a position in Derby."
"Mr. E. P. Ramsay, Deputy Director Telephones accompanied by Mr. Fanning, Commonwealth Supt. Of Telephones, and Mr. Monoghan, Supt. Of Telephones in W.A. was in Carnamah on Monday. On Tuesday the three gentleman left for Perenjori. The purpose of the visit was to show Mr. Fanning over some of the district covered by the Post and Telegraph Department."
"Mr. George Salter of Carnamah, did not hesitate when buying a shearing plant to approach Mr. C. Robertson and get one of the famous Cooper Shearing Outfits."
"Mr. Hellewell, Carnamah Hall's energetic caretaker, should have been a fireman, so strong is his objection to smoke. On Saturday last, during the Girl's Club ball, he dashed around like a two year old in the effect to stop the boys smoking. We back Mr. Hellewell up in his efforts. A ball room is no place to act like a miniature volcano; ladies, though they are not all adverse to having a fag, strongly object to dancing under a smoke blanket. Mr. Hellewell mutters dark threats and vows that he will stop the practise."
"Mr. R. Wylie, Carnamah town contractor, whose Lizz [truck] came to an untimely end some weeks ago., was seen recently galacauting [?] round the village with a Chev. truck. His brother's salesmanship we guess,"
"This will not be the only new Chev. truck in the district now that Mr. Wylie has got his new showroom and service station erected. The building is an addition to the town, and we hope that Mr. Wylie will be successful in his efforts to convince people that Chevs. and other General Motor's products are all they claim to be."
""Tommy" Parkin, not satisfied in illuminating Carnamah, needs must proceed to Three Springs and start his "lighting" habits there. Mr. G. A. Newman is the Three Springer who thinks lighting the gloom with Parkin's patent."
"Mr. E. Hellewell, Carnamah's jovial character, had the honour of digging the first grave in the new Winchester cemetery on Monday last, when Mrs. Lawson of Winchester was buried."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 25 June 1927:
The Harvest - Carnamah Stack Cleaned Up
"Mr. Johnson and his gang shifted the last bag from the Carnamah wheat stack on Wednesday morning last, which made a total of 74000 bags to be shifted this season. This, of course, does not include the total number of bags sent from the district this year, that total reaching 115000 bags, which is a district increase on last year's total of 84000 bags."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 25 June 1927:
Carnamah Girl's Club - Chintz Ball - Three Springs Hospital Benefits
"The Hospital Ball, organised by the Carnamah Girls' Club, was booked to come off at an unfortunate time, inasmuch that the weather on Saturday night was scarcely likely to tempt people from far afield. Nevertheless the local people rolled up, if not in crowds, sufficiently to make the evening an enjoyable one for all concerned. The ladies were mostly clad in brightly coloured chintz, which lent a very colourful effect to the affair. The musical arrangements were in the hands of Mrs. Wells, though, of course, she was considerably relieved during the evening. Several novelty dances for which prizes were given made the ball more enjoyable, especially for those who were fortunate enough to win a prize. The Girls' Club itself defrayed all expenses, so the hospital should benefit considerably in spite of the meagre attendance. About £16 was taken at the door, and as the Girls' Club intend to make this sum to a more substantial amount, Carnamah can safely claim that it has done its bit towards the Hospital appeal. An apology for non-attendance was received over the telephone from Dr. Mayhoffer, Three Springs, who was prevented from coming by the bad state of the lakes."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 6 August 1927
"Mr. R. P. Hardwick, brother of Mr. F. G. Hardwick, of Three Springs, has been appointed to the post of schoolmaster at Arrino."
"Mr. A. L. Trotter, of Carnamah, picked that English beauty, the Morris-Cowley, when buying a car recently. Mr. Trotter is a great believer in English cars and trucks and has shown his practical adherence to the true principal  "British is Best" by buying a Moorrs truck as well as that breed of car."
"Mrs. E. Hellewell, of South Perth, arrived in Carnamah this week to join her husband, Mr. E. Hellewell, after which they will they will take up residence in their new home."
"Mr. A. Bierman and Mr. Neil Graham left Carnamah by car on Friday last to proceed to Perth."
Mr. J. Duckworth, of South Perth, has been appointed to the position Vermin Inspector on the Carnamah Road Board, arrived by last Thursday's train. He commenced duties on August 1."
"Mr. Bert Mortimer, the popular Carnamah station-master, has gone camping with three cronies to pass some of his vacation away in an interesting manner. The four left on Thursday last with dogs etc. complete to spend a happy time away in the back blocks."
[Note: Mr. F. G. Hardwick was later of Carnamah]

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 20 August 1927:
"Mr. C. F. Pearn, of the Carnamah Trading and Agency Co., is kept busy travelling between Carnamah and Perth attending to the railing of Fordson tractors along the line."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 20 August 1927:
Carnamah Races - Picnic Meeting for September
A picnic meeting of the Carnamah Race Club will be held on Thursday September 29, under the rules and regulations of the Western Australian Turf Club. The programme is as follows: First Hack Race of £5, five furlongs, nomination fee of £5/-. Veterans' Handicap, of £6/10/-, six furlogs, for aged horses that have not won a race for two years. Second Hack Race, of £5, five furlongs, nomination 5/-. District Handicap, of £10, for horses owned and trained for a period of three months prior to race within a radius of 80 miles of Carnamah post office. Third Hack Race, of £5, four furlongs. Losers' Handicap, of £5 nominations 5/-, five furlongs. Hurry Scurry, sweepstake of 5/- with £3 added, for hacks that have not won a race during the day. A grand ball will be held in the night.

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 20 August 1927:
FOR SALE. 300 Mixed Sheep, in the wool. Fordson Tractor, perfect order, trial give. 14 Disc Sundercut. 6 Fur M.B. Smith Plow. 15-30 McCormick Deering Tractor. 6 Breeding Sows, with young pigs at foot. 3 Extra Good Breeding Sows, 9 months old. Apply to - T. J. Berrigan, Agent, Carnamah.

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 20 August 1927:
Carnamah Wedding - Grant-Parkin
"On Friday last at Carnamah, a pretty wedding was celebrated, when Miss Mildred Parkin, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. Parkin, of Carnamah, was married to Mr. R. W. Grant, also of Carnamah. The Rev. S. H. Saggers, Methodist minister of Three Springs officiated. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a white French crepe-de-chene dress with scalloped skirt, heavily beaded with pearls and silver beads, an ornament on each scallop and under flounce of accordion pleated georgette. The train was underlined with shell pink shirred georgette and trimmed with silver roses and orange blossom. Her toilet was completed with silver brocade shoes. The little train bearers were Peggy Ferguson, who was prettily attired in turquoise blue taffeta with scalloped hem and for-get-me-nots in each scallop, and with ribbon rosettes on for-gets-me-nots at shoulder and waist, and Mignon Parker, in a dainty apricot taffeta dress with scalloped hem, and rose buds in each scallop, also ribbon rosettes at shoulder and waist. Both wire socks to match their dresses and gold shoes. The bride was attended by Misses E. Parkin and B. Booth. They wore black lace picture hats trimmed to match their dresses which were torquoise blue with over flounces of georgette, gold lace and gold sprays at waist, with gold brocade shoes to match. Mr. A. Ferguson acted as best man Mr. T. Parkin performed the duties of groomsman. Mrs. Parkin (mother of the bride) wore golden brown crepe-de-chene with touches of embroidery, and hat to match. A reception, held in the Carnamah hall, was well attended and dancing passed away the evening.  Mr. L. W. Rodgers very kindly loaned a Gulbransen registering piano for the evening, and also drove a gaily decorated Pontiac with guests to the wedding."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 21 October 1927:
Carnamah Notes - Children's Ball
"Last Saturday night a ball took place in aid of the State School library funds. A good crowd was present and a most successful event was the result. Following were among the children in fancy dress:- Doris Spork, Miss Comumbine; Archie Niven, Chinaman; Mary Niven, Early Victorian; Mavis Watson, Rose; Doris Booth, Indian Squaw; Sheila Rooke, Wasp; Laurie Wylie, Indian Chief; Harold Owen, Poor Little Joe; Frances Dunning, Fairy; Ken Lynch, Green Nut; Eric McNamara, Turkish Pasha; Margaret Clark, Fairy; Roger Clark, Felix; Noel Johnston, Goblin; Vivian Reynolds, Eastern Lady; Emily Turner, Punchinello; Joyce Taylor, Columbine; Jim Taylor, Harlequin; Jeffrey Green, Father Christmas; Monica Green, Powder Puff; Rex Green, Clown; Sheila Clark, Pom Pom; Nellie Hellewell, Lucky Black Cat; Jim Swan, Weetees; Mavis Byrne, Rose; Jack Spork, Onion Vendor; Forrest Paterson, Moth; Isabel Forrester, Birthday Greetings; Eileen Clark, Paint Pot; Johnnie Clark. Shell Benzine; Marguerite Clark, Balloon; Billy Lynch, Sandman; Jean Lynch, Old English Posy; George Clark, Admiral; Billie Clark, Golliwog; Ruth Bowman, Red Cross Nurse; Leslie Bowman, Red Indian; Charlie Turner, Folly; Percy Cullen, Market Gardener; Peggy Ferguson, Vanity Bag; Jessie Niven, Roses; Iris Wylie, Carnival Bells; Rule Wylie, Carnival Jack; Gladys Wylie, Picnic; Joy Wylie, Cobweb; Mignon Parker, Early Victorian; Aleric Parker, Early Victorian; Roy Cullen, Baker; Jack Cullen, Boy Blue; Ron Trotter, Nigger Minstrel; Rona Trotter, Butterfly; Terry Lynch, Strawberry; Bobbie Balmer, Tin Soldier; Leila Cowderoy, Violet Chocolates; Charlie Sharp, Pineapple; Agnes Sharp, Powder Puff; Lloyd Trotter, John Bull; Norman Reynolds, Pirate; Normie Wylie, Cowboy Tom Mix; Hazel Wylie, Cowgirl."

From The Midlands Advertiser newspaper, Friday 21 October 1927:
Carnamah Notes - General News
"Mr W. Langdon has disposed of his property of 2,000 acres comprising 500 acres of crop, plant, stock, etc, at Inering to Mr Con Sheahan, late of Three Springs. The price was £4/12/6 per acre. We understand Mr Langdon has purchased a farm in the Coorow district."

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