Newspaper Extracts 1938-1942

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From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 12 February 1938:
Hotelkeepers Honoured - Presentation at Three Springs - Farewell to Mr and Mrs R. Barnhart
     "Residents of Three Springs and surrounding centres assembled in goodly numbers at the Three Springs Hall on Thursday evening of last week and remained in the building until Friday morning was no loner young, the object of the gathering being to bid farewell to Mr and Mrs R. Barnhart, who some ten years ago arrived at Three Springs and built the Commercial Hotel, which they recently sold to Mr J. J. Thorpe. The function was organised by a special committee appointed at a public meeting, the people of the district having decided that some appropriate recognition would be shown of Mr and Mrs Barnhart's activities for the general welfare of the community.
     The proceedings commenced with a dance, for which the music was dispensed by Mr and Mrs C. F. Coffey and Mr F. Arndt assisted by Messrs L. Schier and W. Jordan jun. At intervals songs were contributed by Mrs W. G.. Jordan and Mr A. R. Barr, and also a duet by Mr and Mrs Jordan. As master of ceremonies Mr W. G. Jordan did an excellent job and was largely responsible of the fact that dull moments were non-existent right throughout the entire evening. The organising committee comprised Messrs C. F. Thomas jun (chairman), E. Hunt, W. A. Harris, F. Connaughton, C. F. Coffey, C. M. Maley, C. B. Thomas, A. E. Saggers, W. G. Jordan, and Rev R. Pym, with Mr M. M. Williamson officiating as secretary in a thoroughly efficient and courteous manner. The catering arrangements were admirably carried out by a ladies' committee comprising Mesdames C. F. Thomas jun, E. Sheahan and A. E. Saggers.
     Mr C. F. Thomas jun, chairman of the Three Springs Road Board, who presided during the more formal portion of the programme, said there was little or no necessity to explain the object of the gathering, which was to bid farewell to two highly respected residents of the district. It was ten years since Mr and Mrs Barnhart arrived at Three Springs, which was then only a ward of the Carnamah Road Board, and in the successful fight for "Home Rule" Mr Barnhart displayed a very active part. Other important events since their advent were the formation of an Agricultural Society and the building of the North Midlands District Hospital. It was quite possible that all this would have taken place even if they had not decided to reside at Three Springs, but it was certain they could not come to the town and spend an amount between twenty and thirty thousand pounds without having a big influence on the district. Mr and Mrs Barnhart had been first class citizens, but much of their work for the welfare of the community had been done in such a quiet manner that many did not know how much they had really achieved. Mr Barnhart had been president of the Three Springs-Arrino Sub-Branch of the R.S.L., the Three Springs Football Club and the Three Springs Rifle Club, and he had assisted other organisations. One very important matter in which Mr Barnhart had interested himself was the provision of a water supply for the town, although he did not think anyone had ever heard him (Mr Barnhart) suggest that there was any call for that liquid as a drink. (Laughter). They all regretted the departure of Mr and Mrs Barnhart from the district, and on behalf of the community he wished them long life, health and prosperity.
     Mr A. R. Strutton, speaking on behalf of the Three Springs Sub-Branch of the R.S.L. said that Mr Barnhart had officiated as the district ex-service men's president and had thereby assisted the Branch. For a number of years Mr Barnhart had not enjoyed really good health, and he hoped a change in climate would be beneficial to him. They would all miss Mrs Barnhart's smiling face, and so on behalf of the returned men he wished them both the best of good fortune in the future and also extended a welcome to Mr and Mrs Thorpe.
     Mr A. Bastian who spoke for the Three Springs Agricultural Society said that he also regretted the departure of Mr and Mrs Barnhart from the district and expressed the hope that it would be possible to see something more of them in the future. As president of the society during its first three years of existence he was in a position to know that the organisation received a considerable amount of assistance from Mr and Mrs Barnhart. In addition to the Agricultural Society, he had been associated with Mr Barnhart on many occasions on some committee working to in the interests of the district. Mr Barnhart had sometimes visited Perth in those interests, and had generally succeeded in obtaining good results. They often had visitors to the town and it was quite customary to hear Three Springs spoken of very creditably. Nothing gave a town a better name than a well conducted hotel, and they were very proud of the building erected by Mr and Mrs Barnhart in the town.  When the Agricultural Society was battling for finance in its early years Mr and Mrs Barnhart came forward and provided a free dinner of visitors, judges, stewards and others on show day, and ever since that time they had been a great help. Mrs Barnhart always received them with a pleasant smile. She was a good business woman, and would make visitors feel quite at home. On behalf of the society he wished them both health and success in the years to come.
     On behalf of the committees of the Catholic Church the Rev. Father M. Lynch said they greatly regretted the departure of Mr and Mrs Barnhart, who had been very staunch members of that committee. They had been staunch friends and fine workers. They were just about to build a new church at Three Springs, and when he was told that Mr and Mrs Barnhart were going to leave the district he thought that nothing worse could possibly happen unless it might be an earthquake. They had accomplished a lot unselfishly both in church and public life. A publican's life was not an easy one. In Australia they had one of the best systems of liquor distribution in the world, which was an example of British justice, and the manner in which Mr and Mrs Barnhart conducted their hotel was a tribute to British commonsense. It did not matter what request was made to Mr and Mrs Barnhart, whether a truck of the children, wood for the Sisters at the Convent or some other favour, the request was granted. He thought Mr and Mrs Thorpe would prove worthy successors, whilst Mr and Mrs Tippett needed no introduction. He was very glad to be present, although he viewed the impending departure of Mr and Mrs Barnhart with regret. He hoped they would enjoy the fullest measure of prosperity and success in the future.
     Mr W. G. Jordan, chairman of the North Midlands Hospital Board, said the Board only had a limited number of members, but it was sometimes difficult to get them. Mr Barnhart had been a member and had done more than his share, and Mrs Barnhart had assisted him. Mr Barnhart's "Alcoholic Playmates" scheme proved a success, although people laughed when it was first inaugurated. Mr and Mrs Barnhart had helped everything in the town. Mr Barnhart had been well behind an effort to obtain a town water supply. Water had now been obtained for the hospital, and he was sorry Mr Barnhart would not be in the town to apply the "acid" on the Lotteries Commission so that they could get some water laid on. However, he felt sure that Mr Barnhart had already told Mr Thorpe of his activities, and that he would be in a position to say later on - "Well I never thought anyone else could throw it over as well as I could."
     Speaking on behalf of the Three Springs Rifle Club and the sporting bodies generally, Mr E. Hunt said that Mr Barnhart had been president of the former and was deeply interested in all classes of sport, more particularly in connection with football. Mr Hunt said that the Three Springs Club was not very financial some time agoand the matter of Guernseys being required was mentioned to Mr Barnhart who talked the matter over with Mrs Barnhart and then announced that they would buy the garments required. The club now had a credit balance of £20. Such a thing as that had been done year by year ever since Mr and Mrs Barnhart arrived in Three Springs, and on behalf of the sporting bodies of Three Springs - and he thought he could mention Arrino as well - he wished Mr and Mrs Barnhart all possible happiness and prosperity and a bright future.
     As an expression of appreciation for services rendered, Mr Thomas then presented Mr and Mrs Barnhart with an illuminated address from the residents of the district."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 19 February 1938:
Valedictory  - Three Springs Residents Honoured - Presentations and Good Wishes
     "The Agricultural Hall of Three Springs was well filled on Tuesday evening of last week with a representative assemblage of members of the district and particularly of the older families. Visitors were also present from Mingenew, Yandanooka, Arrino, Carnamah and Coorow, the gathering having been arranged with the object of honouring two very old residents of Three Springs in the persons of Mrs M. M. Watson and Mr Arthur Mortimer, the latter having managed Mrs Watson's farming property in the district for over twenty years, such being the fulfilment of a promise made to the late Mr G. Watson prior to his death. Mr Mortimer, who is suffering from a war disability, has now been ordered to cease undertaking any work of a strenuous nature and take a sea trip for health reasons. In the circumstances Mrs Watson decided to relinquish farming activities, and both will therefore leave the district. After remaining in Perth for a brief period Mrs Watson intends visiting friends in the Eastern States, but Mr Mortimer has not yet decided anything in connection with his future movements. Both have been particularly active in public affairs and also in the social life of the district, and in those connections they will be greatly missed by the community.
     It is due to Mrs Watson's generosity that the Perth - Geraldton Road now runs through the town of Three Springs instead of three miles away as was at first proposed. In order to obtain the present route Mrs Watson gave the land through a section of her property free of cost, thus eliminating any argument against that route on the ground of resumption costs. The news of the departure of Mrs Watson and Mr Mortimer, coming so soon after that of Mr and Mrs Barnhart, gave citizens something of a shock, but a committee was speedily formed in order that they would not leave the district without some token of appreciation of citizenship. The committee appointed by a public meeting to organise the function comprised Messrs C.F. Thomas jun (chairman), M.M. Williams (secretary), H. hunter, R. Shaw, G. Meyer, M. Coffey, C.B. Thomas, A.J. Ferguson, Geo. H. Bickford, J. Jefford, W.G. Jordan. H. Nairn and Mesdames Jordan and Coffey and Miss Hunter, and at the gathering several other ladies assisted in serving an excellent supper.  Mr W.G. Jordan officiated as master of ceremonies and the music for dancing was dispensed in generous measure by Messrs L. Schier, F. Arndt, W.G. Jordan and W. Jordan jun, augmented by a gramophone and amplifiers operated by Mr L. Watson of Carnamah.
     During an interval in the proceedings the chairman of the Three Springs Road Board (Mr C.F. Thomas jun) explained that the function had been arranged to bid farewell to Mrs Watson and Mr Arthur  Mortimer  and to wish them all that was good for the future. In so doing, he said that it was necessary to go back to 1909, in which year the eastern side of Three Springs was being settled, the western portion having been settled three years previously. The second lot of pioneers, which included the Lynch, Bastian and Watson families, then became known in the district. The Watsons purchased land in its virgin state, and in a period of about thirty years it had been brought to a highly improved state. Both Mrs Watson and Mr Mortimer had played an important part in the development of the district and the State, and they had always been helpful in the social life of the district. Mrs Watson played a leading part in Red Cross work during the war, and was active in assisting the agricultural society, the hospital and numerous other movements, in addition to many acts of individual kindness that were known only to those directly concerned. He hoped her future life would be like one long holiday.  When Three Springs increased in importance Mr Mortimer was appointed the first station master at that centre. The most impressive fact about Mr Mortimer that remained in his (Mr Thomas') memory  was that he was a champion runner. There had been many good runners at Three Springs but in his opinion none of them were as good as Mr Mortimer during a period before the war. Mr Mortimer went to the war with the first expeditionary force. He was at the landing at Gallipoli and was one of the first to fall, being severely wounded on the first day. For most people the war ended in 1918, but over twenty years Mar Mortimer had nursed war injuries and yet had been noted for his jokes and short stories. (Laughter). He had found it necessary to relinquish farm life and the Three Springs climate and go in quest of health, and in that quest all hoped he would be successful.
     In speaking on behalf of the older settlers of the district, Mr J. K. Hebiton said it was particularly difficult to bid farewell to Mrs Watson and Mr Mortimer. It was twenty nine years since Mrs Watson arrived at Three Springs, and he had been personally associated with Mr Mortimer on the railway when that gentleman was the first station master at Three Springs. Even then he was always ready for a bit of fun, and equally ready to work for anything that was for the benefit of the community. The district could always depend on Mrs Watson also when anything was required. All residents were sorry they were leaving, but they hoped they would soon return to the district in better health. He wished them both a good holiday.
     Mr E. Hunt said he was speaking on behalf of the sporting bodies and all other organisations in the district - and he did not think there was one with which Mrs Watson and Mr Mortimer had not been connected, except perhaps the latter was not a member of the Country Women's Association. They would miss both very much. Whenever refreshments were required for any function or outing Mrs Watson was always to the fore, and Mr Mortimer had also helped in everything and materially assisted in raising finance for various organisations. Every small child in the district would miss Mr Mortimer, who was accustomed to speaking to them all. Mrs Watson too, always had a cheery word for everybody. The district could ill afford to lose people of that calibre. He wished both Mrs Watson and Mr Mortimer long life, good health and a happy and pleasant holiday.
     At this stage the chairman read a telegram fro Mr R. Barnhart expressing regret for his absence and conveying good wishes to the guests of the evening. He then handed to each of the guest a travelling rug, together with a cheque, asking them to accept the gifts as a memento of the occasion and expressing the hope that they would also serve to remind them of the friends they were leaving in Three Springs.
     Mr Mortimer rose to respond to the accompaniment of a chorus - "Why was he born so beautiful" and said that the last occasion on which he had appeared on the stage at Three Springs was when he appeared as a fairy. (laughter). He thanked all for the very pleasant evening and to the very nice rug, which would be useful on the beach. It would be very hard to break from friends at Three Springs, but he felt that he must obey doctor's orders.
     Mrs Watson, who was greeted with cheers and a similar chorus, said she did not know why she had been the recipient of such a nice present, but she was very pleased to see so many old friends that night. It had been a pleasure to do anything for the district, for it was one of the pleasures of her life to endeavour to make people happy. She hoped to return at some future date to renew acquaintance with a lot of good friends, and concluded by adding - "When the fields are white with daisies I'll return.""

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 26 February 1938:
Wedding Bells - Lane-Howard - Three Springs Residents Married
     "In the early evening of the 19th inst. a quiet but very pretty wedding was solemnised at Claremont Christ Church, the contracting parties being Miss Ella Howard, fourth daughter of Mrs S. J. Howard and the late Mr W. J. Howard, of Three Springs, and Mr Frankis Lane, also of Three Springs.
      The bride, who entered the church on the arm of her brother (Mr William H. Howard), wore a simply cut but charming frock of cream lace over cream satin. A dainty sash of georgette was drawn round the waist, and small buttons of the same material adorned the front from the high bust to the full length of the frock. A capelet and short veil graced her head and she carried a beautiful bouquet of pink and white tiger lilies.
      Miss Ethel Miller, of Leederville, who officiated as bridesmaid, looked graceful in a floral apple green organdie frock with autumn tonings and spray. A fitting match to this charming frock was a delicate autumn tinted hat, set off by a gorgeous bouquet of autumn coloured gladioli and tiger lilies. The duties of best man were ably carried out by Mr Archie Howard.
     After the ceremony a reception was held at the home of Mr and Mrs Mackay (brother-in-law and sister of the bridegroom) of Claremont, where a small gathering of relatives and friends spent an enjoyable time in honouring the customary toasts incidental to such happy occasions. Many useful presents were received by the bridal couple, and also numerous congratulatory telegrams form relatives and many residents of Three Springs
     Later in the evening Mr and Mrs Lane left by the great western express on a honeymoon trip to Sydney, the bride travelling in a neat ensemble of blue and white with torque and veil to match.
     Mr and Mrs Lane intend spending about a month in the Eastern States with relatives of the bridegroom, afterwards returning to this State to settle on Mr Lane's farm in the Three Springs District."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 25 June 1938:
Valedictory - Gathering at Three Springs - Departure of a District Pioneer
     "On Thursday night of last week the residents of Three Springs and district were present in large numbers at a farewell gathering held in the Three Springs Hall, the function having been arranged to bid farewell to four residents in Mr E. K. Byrne, Mr and Mrs L. Byrne and Mrs M. M. Williams. Mr Byrne and his son had been residents of the district for nearly thirty years. During the whole of the period the third gentleman, Mr M. M. Williams, lived at Three Springs he was a member of the staff of the National Bank. Mr Williams evinced a lively interest in practically all sporting activities and also very efficiently carried out the duties of secretary of the Three Springs Agricultural Society. During the evening the majority of those present indulged in dancing to music supplied by an orchestra comprising  Mrs C. F. Coffey (piano) and Messrs F. Arndt (violin) and C. F. Coffey (drums and effects), and a sumptuous supper was served under the supervision of the Three Springs Branch of the Country Women's Association.
     Following the supper interval the guests of the evening were invited to take a position of the stage in company with the chairman of the Three Springs Road Board (Mr C. F. Thomas jun) and Messrs E. W. Franklin, C. Luscombe, E. Hunt and C. B. Thomas, manager of the National Bank at Three Springs.
     After briefly expressing regret that the necessity had arisen for such a gathering Mr Thomas remarked that the occasion brought to him a peculiar pleasure on account of the fact that in the capacity of chairman of the Three Springs Road Board he was assisting in bidding farewell to a foundation member of the Board in Mr E. K. Byrne, who was one of the pioneers of the district. He expressed thanks to Mr Byrne and his family for the interest they had displayed in district affairs over a very lengthy period, and he also returned thanks to Mr Williams, who had proved himself a very estimable citizen during his residence at Three Springs.
      Mr E. W. Franklin said that he had been deputed by the president of the Three Springs Agricultural Society (Mr C. E. Maley) to represent that organisation for the reason that he had occupied the presidential chair during the period in which Mr Williams had rendered such excellent service as secretary. He considered it a privilege to have been given the opportunity of bearing witness to the work of Mr Williams, and he concluded by returning thanks to that gentleman for his untiring efforts on behalf of the society.
     Other speakers endorsed the remarks of the previous speakers, reference also being made to the fact that Mr Williams was shortly to be married, in which sphere of life he and his fiancée (Matron Thorley) were wished all possible happiness and prosperity.
     On behalf of the residents of the district Mr Thomas then presented a wallet of notes to Mr E. K. Byrne, this being followed by the presentation of a writing sachet from the same source. As an expression of appreciation of service rendered to the Three Springs Agricultural Society a travelling bag was also presented to Mr Williams by the president of the society (Mr C. E. Maley).
All the guests made a suitable response and returned thanks for the happy gathering that had been arranged in their honour."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 2 July 1938:
Wedding Bells - Herman-Howard - Ceremony at Nedlands
"A pretty wedding was solemnised at the Nedlands Presbyterian Church on the 19th ult. the contracting parties being Mr Victor Herman of Nedlands, and Miss Grace Howard, second daughter of Mr and Mrs P. S. Howard of Three Springs. In the unavoidable absence of her father, the bride was given away by an old family friend in the person of Mr J. Haden, and Miss Mary Howard attended her sister as bridesmaid. The duties of best man were carried out by Mr F. Quinn. Following the ceremony a reception was held at the home of the bridegroom's parents and subsequently the happy couple left on a honeymoon in the South West."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 9 July 1938:
Valedictory - A Carnamah Gathering - Misses Giles and Stephens Farewelled
    "A large gathering of friends and well wishers assembled in the Carnamah Hall on the evening of Wednesday, June 29th to bid farewell to Misses Amy Giles and Vera Stephens, prior to their departure from Carnamah. The gathering was presided over by Mr. R. D. Gell. Tables were set, cabaret fashion, in the centre of the hall, and a very congenial and enjoyable evening was spent between vocal and musical items, dancing and refreshments. Mrs. E. K. Wells officiated as honorary pianist, relieved at intervals by Mr. Len Schier. Mr. Darcy Leithhead capably carried out the duties of master of ceremonies. Two very popular numbers were rendered by several members of the musical section of the Repertory Club, under the baton of Mr. A. Turner. Those taking part were Mesdames A. Turner, F. Broadhurst, M. Plunkett, Misses D. Cole and V. Stephens with Mrs. S. Ford at the piano. Enjoyable vocal items were also rendered by Mrs. M. Plunkett, Mrs. A. Turner, Miss V. Stephens, Miss Cole and Mr. Callagher and Mr. H. Wright played a violin solo.
The chairman (Mr. R. D. Gell) expressed the great regret, which was generally felt at the departure of the guests of honour, who had resided in Carnamah for the past eight years. During that time they had been interested in, or had given willing assistance to, almost every organisation in the town. He wished them every success in the future.
     Mr. J. K. Forrester said it was the unanimous opinion of all who knew the departing guests that they had both been of great assistance to the Carnamah district during their long sojourn in it, and had taken a very active part in all social and sporting activities. On behalf of the people of Carnamah and district he wished them every happiness and success in future.
     Mr. I. Johnson (president of the Carnamah Repertory Club) said Miss Stephens had taken an active part in the Repertory Club, and Miss Giles had always helped in the organisation of suppers etc. They would be sadly missed from the social side of the club.
    Mr. Alexander Turner, on behalf of the musical section of the Repertory Club expressed regret to losing Miss Stephens. He had also entertained hopes that Miss Giles would have joined up with the nightingales very soon. That hope had, however, been dispelled by her impending departure. He supported the previous speakers in wishing them both the best for the future.
    Mr. J. House (secretary of the Carnamah Tennis Club) said Misses Giles and Stephens would be sadly missed from the tennis club, as they were equally good players.
     Mrs. Broadhurst then presented a handsome travelling rug to each departing guest, of behalf the Tennis, Repertory and Golf Clubs. In doing so she wished them every happiness in the future, and expressed the hope that the rugs would go many a happy voyage with them.
     Misses Giles and Stephens each suitably responded to the many remarks and good wishes, and expressed regret at leaving so maybe friends. They thanked all present for the very happy evening, the kind remarks, and the beautiful gifts.
     Dancing continued until after midnight, and at the conclusion all joined hands and sang "Auld Lang Syne.""

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 9 July 1938:
Carnamah Club - Last Sunday's [Golf] Competitions
"Members of the Carnamah Golf Club played a stroke competition over eighteen holes on Sunday morning last, the winner being S. Porter (110-30-80) with C. Robertson (95-14-81) as runner-up.
In the afternoon the links were occupied by members and associates in the playing of mixed foursomes, for which partners were drawn. The winners were C. Robertson and Mrs Johnson (50-13-37), other cards returned being as follows:- A. Timms and Miss Sharp, 53-14-39; T. Lucas and Mrs. Gell, 58-14-44; Mathiessen and Mrs. Robertson 57-13-44; T. Lawson and Mrs. Porter, 63-18-45; S. Porter and Mrs. Sharp, 64-15-48; Hunt and Miss Eaton, 68-17-51; C. Turner and Mrs. Broadhurst, 70-18-52.
During to-morrow (Sunday) morning members will play a bogey competition, and in the afternoon another mixed foursomes will occupy the attention of members and associates. During the following week-end the second round of the club championship and plate will be played."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 10 September 1938:
Wedding Bells - Mutter-Stokes - Ceremony at Three Springs
     "A pretty wedding was solemnised in St James' Church in Three Springs on Tuesday last, the contracting parties being Mr Kenneth Mutter, only son of Mr and Mrs Mutter of Dudawa, and Miss Gladys Stokes, second daughter of Mr and Mrs N. E. Stokes of Arrino. The ceremony was performed by the Rector of Three Springs (Rev. A. J. Toomey) and Mrs Toomey presided at the organ. The church was very tastefully decorated for the occasion by Mrs W. G. Jordan, who also very effectively rendered the solo "Thanks be to God" - during the signing of the register.
     The bride entered the church on the arm of her father, being prettily gowned in white satin and wearing a necklet of pearls, the latter being the gift of the bridegroom… The bridesmaids were Misses D. Mutter, Isabel Maley and Claudine Maley… Mr C. A. Winter carried out the duties of best man and Messrs L. Angel and P. McCagh officiated as groomsmen.
     After the ceremony a delectable wedding breakfast was partaken by a number of friends and relatives at the home of the bride's parents. The usual toasts incidental to such happy occasions were proposed and honoured with the Rev A.J. Toomey officiating as chairman. The guests were greeted by Mrs N.E. Stokes, mother of the bride… who was assisted by Mrs W. Mutter, mother of the bridegroom…"

From The North Midland Times, Friday 16 September 1938:
Red Letter Day for Three Springs - New Post Office Opened
     The new Post Office building at Three Springs is now completed, and was officially opened for business on Monday morning the 12th August, 1938. The opening ceremony was attended by Mr S.R. Roberts, (Deputy Director of Post and Telegraphs), Mr Perkins, (Senior Inspector), Mr Dale, (Assistant Engineer), Mr Finlayson of the Commonwealth Public Works Dept., Senator P.J. Lynch, the Chairman of the Three Springs Road Board, (Mr C.F. Thomas) and the public generally.
     Before introducing the post office officials, Mr C .F. Thomas expressed pleasure at the passing of another milestone in the history of Three Springs. He passed briefly over the history of the past, to the time when it was felt that a new and more pretentious building was required to meet the demands of the district. Mention was made of continuous applications to, and deputations sent, to interview the officials concerned, for a new Post Office building to meet the growing demands of the district. A long battle had been waged and at last had been won, and that day had produced the fruition of past efforts, and a building secured, which was a source of pride and admiration on the part of the residents, and more adequate and in keeping with the demands and requirements of this wealthy and progressive district. Mr S. R. Roberts, was then introduced by the chairman of the Road Board, and expressed his pleasure at being present on this memorable day in the history of Three Springs. He made it quite clear, that the public purse is not elastic and that of many demands made for new post offices it was impossible to hand them out like stamps. He expressed satisfaction at the completion and opening of the building at this centre, prior to his imminent retirement for the service, as he felt it was another milestone in the history of Western Australia, and the advancement of adequate postal facilities generally was a difficult achievement in a land of vast spaces and small population.
     Mr Perkins was then introduced, and addressed the public. He took his listeners back to the early days of the district, to the first post office in Three Springs, and the various changes made during the course off the ensuing years. He recalled the first installation of the telephone when there were only three subscribers, and of the continued growth of the postal services and requirements, which had culminated in the erection of such a building as was being officially opened that day. One felt a glow of pride at the achievements of the early settlers despite the difficulties they had encountered. The building could well be considered a monument to their courage, initiative and energy.
      Mr Dale (Assistant engineer), in a few well chosen words spoke of the achievement in maintaining communications between distant parts of the State. This caused a heavy drainage on revenue but personally he would like to see similar buildings opened up all over the State, progress in this direction was being made as fast as could be expected in a young country
     Senator P.J. Lynch then addresses the gathering, and expressed pardonable pride at being present to perform the Official Opening of the new Post Office, for he had played some small part in bringing before the authorities the requirements of the district. Along with early settlers, he found nothing was secured without a fight and he exhorted the youngsters present to strive to emulate the achievements of their forbears; to imbibe their courage and industry and the ever constant need for progress. Nothing was achieved without a fight, fight, fight, , , , so keep on fighting (Good Old Ireland). At this juncture the Post Office was declared opened and the public were invited to inspect it.

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 1 October 1938:
Carnamah Road Board - Monthly Meeting - Welcome to Town Member
"The monthly meeting of the Carnamah Road Board was held on Wednesday of last week, there being present Messrs. J. K. Forrester (chairman), R. W. Clark, W. A. T. Sargent, A. A. McGilp, B. D. Bothe, F. R. Bryant, and the secretary (Mr. A. C. Bierman). An apology for non-attendance was received from W. T. White.
Town Member Welcomed. Prior to the commencement of business Mr. Forrester extended a welcome to Mr. R. W. Clark, a member for the Town Ward, who recently returned from an extended holiday abroad. Mr. Clark expressed thanks for the courtesy and for the information of fellow members he gave a brief and interesting resume of the result of inquires into local government activities in England.
Hall Light Charges. On the motion of Messrs. Sargent and Bryant the secretary and Town Ward member were authorised to interview Messrs. H. Parkin & Son with the object of obtaining a reduced charge for current supplied to the Carnamah Hall.
Finance The financial statement for August was adopted on the motion of Messrs. Bothe and Sargent, the secretary supplementing these figures with a further statement disclosing a credit balance of £965/15/7 at the date of meeting. The ward and other accounts were shown as follows:- Town Ward (debit), £228/10/5; Winchester Ward (credit), £230/9/4; North Ward (credit), £421/1/6; Coorow Ward (credit), £55/1/8; South Ward (credit), £234/7/11. Satisfactory reports were received from the Government auditor relative to the affairs of the Board fpr the year ended June 30th, 1938, these being received on the motion of Messrs. Bothe and Sargent. Accounts passed for pyment totalled £570/6/10.
Hall Crockery. After some discussion it was decided on the motion of Messrs. Sargent and Bryant that any person or persons catering for suppers in the Board's halls and receiving payment for same must see that all crockery and other utensils used are properly washed and dried and all breakages replaced. The secretary was authorised to purchase a quantity of saucers for use in the Carnamah and Coorow Halls.
Main Road Grant. The secretary submitted a letter from the Main Roads Department stating that the Department could not assist in connection with the construction work required on the Carnamah-Perenjori Road, but would agree to pay £150 towards the East Gunyidi Road if the Board would make a similar amount available. The secretary was instructed to ascertain from the Mains Road Department further particulars regarding the proposed work on the East Gunyidi Road.
Appeals. The secretary reported that appeals against valuations had been received from Mr. W. C. Johnson in respect of Location M1532, and from M. P. A. Connolly in connection with the Coorow Hotel. The appeals were received and will be dealt with at a later date.
Petition for Sheep Yards. A petition was received from residents east of Carnamah asking the Board to provide suitable sheep holding yards on a site about five miles east of town. After a discussion on the subject the secretary was directed to write to the petitioners inviting them to form a committee to meet the Board on the occasion of the next meeting.
Proposed Main Road. A letter was received from the Morawa Road Board seeking the Board's view relative to a proposal to approach the Main Roads Department with request that the road from Morawa to Carnamah, and thence to Perth be declared a main road. The secretary was instructed to reply stating that the Board unanimously endorsed the proposal.
Coorow Golf Links Road. The Coorow Golf Club were asking the Board to clear about seven chains of road to the golf links, and the matter was left in the hands of the Coorow members to inspect and make any arrangements deemed necessary.
General. The Board approved of the member for the Winchester Ward making arrangements for hiring a tractor for use on road work in that ward. With reference to instructions received from the Chief Inspector of Rabbits to the effect that labels showing the name of the person who actually killed the vermin for which payment was claimed had to be attached to scalps and completed by the person who submitted them., the secretary pointed out that great inconvenience would result from the adoption of such a scheme, and he was instructed to submit this view to the Chief Inspector.
Mr. J. Hogan, of Buntine, wrote claiming payment for approximately 100 chains of clearing purported to have been done by him in the South Ward, and the secretary was instructed to reply stating that as the Board had not authorised such clearing the claim could not be recognised.
Mr. J. Bowman met the Board to discuss the condition of the road to his property near Tully's. Members made an inspection of the locality, and after the taking of levels it was decided that action be taken to prevent the flooding of the road by the overflow of water from the nearby dam."
[Note: the mentioned road near Tully's is what is now known as the North Boundary Road]

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 11 March 1939:
Wedding Bells - Caulfield - Sheppard - Ceremony at Fremantle
     "A wedding of interest to numerous residents in the northern areas and other parts of the State took place at St John's Church at Fremantle on February 4th, when Miss Margaret Sheppard, third daughter of Mr and Mrs J. R. Sheppard, of Dudawa, was married to Morawa's popular medico (Dr Henry George Caulfield). The Rev. Canon E. M. Collick was the officiating clergyman.
     The bride, who was given away by her uncle (Mr. A. Sheppard, of Fremantle), was becomingly gowned in a frock of cream satin cut on classical lines with a round neck line trimmed with Richelieu rosettes of the same material. The waistline was finished with a plaited girdle and touches of Richelieu trimming were added to the long flowing train. The beautiful veil, which was worn off the face, was loaned for the occasion by an old friend of the bride and was surmounted by a halo of orange blossom. A striking toilette was completed with a long spray of cream roses.
      The bride was attended by Miss Jean Sheppard as first bridesmaid, who wore a lovely frock of cornflower blue georgette made with softly shirred bodice and full skirt. A blue tulle veil was held in position by a halo of gold leaves and she carried a bouquet of old gold roses. As second bridesmaid Miss Edith Sheppard was attired in a pale pink girlish frock of georgette finished with ruching of the same material, her pink tulle veil being held with a silver halo and worn over the face, and the bouquet was of pink roses.
     The duties of best man were carried out by Mr Colin Dawson, of Morawa.
     After the ceremony a reception was held at the Newmarket Hotel at North Fremantle, Mrs Sheppard receiving the guests in a well-fitting black floral sheer frock with white accessories and black hat to match. She also carried a bouquet of red roses. During the breakfast the usual toasts were honoured and a handsome three-tiered cake made by the bride's mother was cut in the orthodox manner and served to the guests.
     Dr and Mrs Caulfield subsequently left by car for a tour of the South-West, the bride travelling in a navy sheer frock finished at waist and neck with gold trimmings, with top coat and hat to match, s mart finish being given by navy accessories."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 29 July 1939:
Carnamah Road Board - Monthly Meeting - Assistance for Military Unit
"The monthly meeting of the Carnamah Road Board was held last week, there being present Messrs. J. K. Forrester (chairman), A. A. McGilp, W. A. T. Sargent, F. R. Bryant, W. T. White, B. D. Bothe and the secretary (Mr. A. C. Bierman). An apology for non-attendance was received from Mr. R. W. Clark.
The secretary reported that the Government auditor had visited the district and stated that the annual statement and report would be available for the next meeting. He submitted a statement dealing with the period closing at the date of the meeting, when the Board had a credit balance of £429/12/1. The ward balances were shown as follows:- Town (debit), £292/0/10; North (credit), £279/7/1; Winchester (credit), £137/9/4; Coorow (debit), £70/17/11; South (credit), £85/1/3. The statement was adopted on the motion of Messrs. McGilp and Bryant.
The secretary's estimate of the revenue for the ensuing year was £3775 against an expenditure totalling £3835, and these figures were adopted on the motion of Messrs. Brynt and Bothe.
At the instance of Messrs. Sargent and White it was decided that no alteration be made in this years' rating, and valuations were also left as for last year.
The Carnamah Sub-Branch of the R.S.L. wrote asking the Board to provide mats for the hall entrance to prevent sand being carried on to the hall floor, and the secretary was authorised to make the necessary purchases.
Hon. A. E. Green, M.H.R., forwarded a copy of a letter received from the Deputy Postmaster-General relative to the lopping of trees by linesman at Coorow, this stating that the matter would be investigated. A letter was also received from the superintending engineer of the Postal Department advising that an officer would visit the district and confer with the Board on the matter.
The Moora Road Board wrote advising that a resolution had been passed at a recent public meeting protesting against the high rate of freight on the Midland Railway, it being also contended that a recent decision by the W.A. Transport Board should not be accepted as final. The Moora Board asked if the Carnamah Board would co-operate in submitting a protest to the proper quarters, and the secretary was directed to reply stating that the Board would co-operate if definate cases of overcharge of freight could be stated.
The Midland Railway Company advised that approval had been given for the construction of a crossing over the line on the south side of the Winchester Siding, the Board to construct and maintain road approaches and provide suitable 12-inch pipes under the eastern approach for drainage purposes.
Mr. R. Mackie wrote asking the Board to remove an unsightly windmill and tank situated at the corner of Macpherson and Robertson Streets. In addition to being an eye sore, it was contended that the structure devaluated adjoining properties. The matter was held over for consideration at the next meeting.
Mr. P. Casey wrote stating that he would be prepared to pay something towards the cost of bituminising the footpath in front of his store at Coorow if the Board would authorise the work and assist. A discussion on the matter was deferred.
Mr. R. A. F. Solling wrote to the relative to the ringbarking of trees on the western boundary of his property and stated that this had been done to facilitate fencing. It understood that it was permissible to clear to clear six feet on either side of a fence line, and he asked that the Winchester member be delegated to visit his property and advise as to the amount of clearing that was permissible. The secretary was instructed to obtain further information on the subject.
Mr. A. E. Jones wrote asking the Board to close the road bisecting his property from the Gunyidi Road to the eastern boundary. Mr. Bryant was authorised to inspect and submit a report.
Mr. Bryant was also authorised to deal with the matter of work still required on Hurley's Road.
The secretary reported that the Carnamah School Board had invited the Minister of Education and the Chief Inspector of Education to visit the district and would like the [Road] Board to be represented. The chairman and two other members were delegated to attend.
The chairman informed the meeting that Mr. I. Johnson, of Carnamah had passed his recent examination for a military commission with the highest honors in the State, it also being mentioned that Lieutenant Johnson would appreciate the co-operation of the Board in a class for non-commissioned officers to be commenced at Carnamah in the near future.
The secretary intimated that Lieutenant-Colonel Mitchell recently informed him the Defence Department expected the Defence League to assist in maintaining interest in the local military unit, and the Board decided to make a grant of £10 from the three per cent account to assit in defraying the cost of travelling by members of the unit."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 29 July 1939:
Football - Play in North Midlands - Carnamah Still in Winning Vein
"Members of the Carnamah and Coorow Clubs met at the former centre and still being in winning vein the home club again had another comparatively easy victory. Coorow was again without two or three of the club's stalwarts, and taking this fact into consideration the team did fairly well. The form of the Carnamah players was not quite equal to that of the previous two or three weeks, the kicking for goal in the second and last quarters being particularly weak. A. Brimson officiated as a central umpire and took the field with the following teams:-
Carnamah - D. Bowman (capt.), M. Niven, J. Clark, R. Clark, G. Perry, R. Sheridan, H. Lee, A. Simeon, M. Baker, C. Wally, R. Gillespie, E. Haig, E. Rowland, I. Turnbull, A. Forrester, M. Clune, R. Haeussler and Henry.
Coorow - P. Thomson (capt.), W. Clark, H. Kau, J. Wallace, W. Wallace, L. Croft, H. Greenwood, J. Morcombe, J. Simpson, Rhodes, A. Manning, S. Rowland, R. Kerr, R. Beecroft, E. Davies, E. Bradley and R. Baird.
In the opening term Carnamah established a lead of one goal, Coorow having scored two singles against one goal and two behinds. The second quarter was more or less one-sided, and taking advantage of the opportunity to pile on points the home team obtained an advantage of 40 points, Coorow still having only two points on the board at half-time. During the third stage of the game the play was of a more even nature, but Coorow was not equal to the occasion on the day. Carnamah eventually ran out winners with a margin equal to seven goals, the quarter scores of the game being as follows:-
First Quarter: Carnamah - 1 goal 2 behinds; Coorow - 2 behinds
Second Quarter: Carnamah - 5 goals 12 behinds; Coorow - 2 behinds
Third Quarter: Carnamah - 7 goals 17 behinds; Coorow - 3 goals 6 behinds
Fourth Quarter: Carnamah - 4 goals 19 behinds (73 points); Coorow - 4 goals 7 behinds (31 points)
The goal-scorers for the winners were Wally (5), Simeon (2), Haeussler and Bowman, and the full pointers for Coorow being obtained by Morcombe, Bradley, Beecroft and Manning. For the victors the outstanding players were Simeon, Wally, R. Clark, R. Gillespie, Baker and Clune, the defeated team having being best represented by Davies, Simpson, Clark, Wallace, Beecroft, Thomson and Jim Morcombe."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 14 October 1939:
District Churches - Arrangements for To-morrow
"North Midlands Parish (Three Springs-Coorow district) - 8 a.m., Holy Communion at Carnamah; 9:30 a.m., Holy Communion at Winchester; 11 a.m., Holy Eucharist at Coorow; 3.30 p.m., Evensong at Billeroo; 8 p.m., Evensong at Carnamah. The Rector (Rev. C. A. Walsh) will officiate at all services."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 20 July 1940:
Wedding Bells - Fawcett-Mutter - Ceremony in City Church
     "At Wesley Church in Perth on Saturday, the 6th inst., the marriage was solemnised of Mr Herbert B. Fawcett, son of Mr and Mrs A. W. Fawcett, of Kapunda (South Australia), and Miss Dulcie Mutter, younger daughter of Mr and Mrs W. Mutter, of Belmont and Arrino, the officiating minister being the Rev. A. B. Lloyd.
     The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a frock of ivory satin with a three-quarter length tow-tier embroidered veil with a lace halo ornamented with orange blossom. She also carried a trailing sheaf of tuber roses, carnation, gladioli, heather, camellias and maiden hair fern.
     Miss Doreen Douglas (cousin of the bride) acted as bridesmaid and wore a frock of daffodil taffeta with a matching halo and veil of net, and she carried a bouquet of mauve and gold gladioli, gerberas and Talisman roses. Mr J. K. Allan, of Arrino, performed the duties of best man.
     Mrs Mutter (mother of the bride) chose a russet ensemble and wore a spray of shaded Talisman roses, berries and autumn leaves, a felt hat to match and accessories to tone.
     After the ceremony about forty guests were entertained at a reception at the Blue Gum Tea Rooms, and later the bridal couple left on a honeymoon trip, the bride travelling in an ensemble of powder blue robaix with nay blue accessories.
     Mr and Mrs Fawcett were the recipients of many beautiful presents and a large number of cheques."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 20 July 1940:
Big Majority Party - Function at Three Springs - Miss Joan Hunt Honoured
     "The town of Three Springs was en fete on Monday night last, when a large number of people assembled at the Three Springs Hall as the guests of Mr and Mrs E. Hunt to celebrate the twenty first birthday of their only daughter (Miss Joan Hunt). Wearing a frock of wine crepe romaine with a floral spray at the neckline, Mrs Hunt received the guests and Miss Hunt made a graceful picture in a beautifully embroidered white georgette gown, her only adornment being a string of pearls. Mr F. Metcalf conducted the dance programme throughout the evening and the music was supplied by Coffey's Orchestra. Long supper tables were arranged through the centre of the hall, the decorative scheme consisting of roses, ti-tree and Iceland poppies, and at the conclusion of an excellent repast Miss Hunt cut an artistically decorated double-decker birthday cake amid cheering and singing. The guest of honour then suitably acknowledged the good wishes extended to her during the evening and also returned thanks for a host of beautiful birthday gifts, after which dancing was resumed and continued until the early hours of the following morning.
     The guests included many of Miss Hunt's school friends and were as follows: - Rev. C. A. and Mrs Walsh, Mr and Mrs K. Glyde, Mr and Mrs M. Wilson, Mr and Mrs J. Evans, Mr and Mrs R. Shaw, Mr and Mrs P. Devitt, Mr and Mrs A. Potts, Mr and Mrs E. W. Franklin, Mr and Mrs J. B. Kuhnberg, Mr and Mrs C. F. Thomas jun, Mr and Mrs P. L. Millard, Mr and Mrs B. Antonio, Mr and Mrs V. Tippett, Mr and Mrs A. Bastian, Mr and Mrs A. M. Williamson, Mr and Mrs A. J. Ferguson, Mr and Mrs E. Burge, Mr and Mrs B. Fogarty, Mr and Mrs A. Brown, Mr and Mrs A. E. Bateman, Mr and Mrs Chris. Thomas, Mesdames M. A. Mayrhofer, L. J. Carter and Watson, Misses H. Franklin, E. Humphrys, M. Bastian, N. Bastian, M. Howard, I. Howard, J. Blakiston, J. Grant, R. Lakotis, M. Ferguson, A. Booth, E. Wick, E. Maley, D. Arndt, L. Luscombe, L. Gooch, G. Bateman, R. Bateman, L. Carter, D. Carter, L. Allen, J. Fogarty, Messrs H. Hunt, Don Hunt, Dudley Hunt, E. Franklin, M. Franklin, W. Jordan, Jim Hunt, K. Bussenschutt, E. Davies, J. Rojo, A. Franklin, R. Black, N. Fogarty, A. Howard, W. Howard, J. Howard, L. Howard, R. Bateman, J. Oliver, A. Mortimer, T. Sheahan, K. Bastian, A. E. Saggers, F. Connaughton and Rev Father Lynch (Three Springs); Mr and Mrs C. E. Maley, Misses I. Maley, C. Maley, F. Maley, H. Maley, D. Stokes, M. Bowtell, D. Bowtell, J. Bowtell; Messrs Bill Turner, J. McCagh, P. McCagh, K. Stokes, S. Stokes and B. Bowtell (Arrino), Miss B. Marsden (Fremantle); Miss P Barnett (Corrigin); Mr and Mrs W. H. G. Howard (Mingenew); Mrs C. C. Bothe and Mr Bill Bothe (Coorow), Mr A. Fowler (Perenjori); Mr F. Metcalf (Moora); Mrs D. Leithhead and Messrs L. Schier, J. Gallagher and A. Yelland (Carnamah); Mr and Mrs Bickell, Messrs G. Bickell, C. Bickell, H. Campbell, W. Campbell, Stan Campbell, Scott Campbell, A. Campbell and C. Clarkson (Yandanooka); Mr and Mrs F. Lane, Misses D. Ryan, C. Ryan, A. White, A. Thorley, L. George, Messrs G. Valentine, J. Harley, C. Lane, J. Agar and R. Gronow."

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 27 September 1940:
Queen Competition - Miss L. Bowman Crowned
"Last Saturday evening the Carnamah District War and Patriotic Fund Queen Competition was brought to a successful conclusion with a dance in the Carnamah Hall. The winner of the competition was the Carnamah Queen (Miss L. Bowman) who raised the magnificent sum of £123/14/3. Mrs. J. L. Adams also put up an excellence performance, and she and her supporters raised £103/14/2. Mrs. H. L. Fogg was responsible for the raising of £69/9/8, and Mrs. G. Aunger was close behind her with £50/5/3. The total sum raised by the four Queens was £347/3/4. Unfortunately pressure on our space this week does not permit us to give a full report of the crowning of the Queen, but reference to this will probably be made in our next issue."
[Note: a copy of this article is contained within image 03904]

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 4 October 1940:
Queen Carnival - Miss L. Bowman Successful
"On Saturday evening, September 21st, the Queen Carnival Competition was brought to a close in Carnamah, but unfortunately we were unable to report the function fully in our last issue.
The early part of the evening provided a busy time for the supports of the four Queens who put forward their last minute efforts in an endeavour to put their chosen candidate ahead. Voting ceased at 11 p.m., and it was not long before the final tallies were made up.
A hush of expectancy greeted Mr. T. Turner's appearance on the stage and with a dramatic gesture he unfolded the Royal Proclamation and addressed the subjects of the Carnamah court as follows:-
"By Royal decree be it known to all the subjects of this Kingdom that in the election recently held within the precincts of this Court to determine which Queen should be selected and elevated to the most high and coveted throne of the Carnamah District War and Patriotic Fund, the winning candidate by a majority of 4801 votes was Miss Lesley Bowman the Queen of Carnamah Town." Loud applause.
"The Ministers and Officers of her Majesty, together with the ladies and gentleman of this royal court will shortly assemble to witness the coronation ceremony of the noble Queen chosen.
"On this royal occasion the court will be graced also by the presence of their royal highnesses the Commercial Queen, the Queen of Carnamah Town, the Queen of Inering-Five Gums and the Queen of Winchester-Billeroo, to whom we all assembled with pay homage.
"The prime minister of this Great Kingdom is hereby invested with full powers of authority of her Majesty's Executive Council to perform the crowning of Miss Lesley Bowman as the reigning queen and she will then be known as the Queen of Carnamah District."
As each Queen made her appearance Mr. Turner announced her arrival together with the sum she and her supporters had caused to be collected. The various amounts collected were:-
Queen of Inering-Five Gums (Mrs. G. Aunger) £50/5/3 totalling 12063 votes
Commercial Queen (Mrs. H. L. Fogg) £69/9/8 totalling 16676 votes
Queen of Winchester-Billeroo (Mrs. J. L. Adams) £103/14/2 totalling 24890 votes
Queen of Carnamah Town (Miss L. Bowman) £123/14/3 totalling 29691 votes
Miss Bowman who made her appearance last was attended by Miss Clark and Miss Faulks as maids of honour.
When all had assembled for the coronation ceremony Mr. Gell addressed Miss Bowman in the following terms, "Miss Lesley Bowman, the Queen designate and Queen of by virtue of my office as your Prime Minister and as chairman of the Carnamah District War and Patriotic Fund, I am about to crown you as the Queen of the Carnamah district, amidst the good wishes of all your subjects. Will you promise that you will always take a deep interest in the Carnamah district?" On Miss Bowman answering in the affirmative Mr. Gell continued, "I now crown you as our Queen. Here is your septre of office and her is your orb of dominion."
Mr. Gell then addressed the four Queens and thanked them most sincerely for their wonderful effort in raising stupendous sum.
Mr. Gell then introduced Mr. F. V. Fels, the secretary of the Carnamah District War and Patriotic Fund who presented each of the Queens with a gift in recognition of their wonderful services. In doing so he said, "Your majesties, on behalf of the Carnamah District War and Patriotic Fund I am privileged to offer you these small gifts as a memento of this historic occasion and a token of our appreciation of the magnificent efforts you have put forward.
The escorts of the four Queens (Mr. C. Robertson, Mr. J. L. Adams, Mr. H. Fogg and Mr. T. H. Perry) spoke on behalf of the Queens, and thanked the War and Patriotic Fund Committee for their gifts.
The ceremony was brought to a conclusion with the National Anthem."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 1 February 1941:
Wedding - Parker-Carter - Ceremony at Three Springs
     "A wedding of local interest was solemnised by Missioner F. Hales at the Three Springs Methodist Church on Saturday last, the contracting parties being Miss Daphne Grace Carter, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs H. R. Carter of Three Springs and Mr Leonard David Parker, youngest son of Mr and Mrs D. H. Parker, of Quairading.
     The bride, who was given away by her father, was charmingly attired in a white frock of Marquisette and taffeta, embroidered on yoke and hem of skirt with silver water lilies. A handsome tulle veil mounted of a pretty head-dress of kilted organdie and orange blossoms completed the ensemble. The bridal bouquet comprised a sheaf of white arum lilies.
     Miss Lois Carter attended her sister as bridesmaid and was tastefully attired in a pretty frock of crinkle chiffon with a blue veil and head-dress of flowers. She also carried a sheaf of blue roses and wore a handsome bracelet, the gift of the bridegroom.
     After the ceremony, over forty relatives and friends assembled at the home of the bride's parents, the guests being received At Fairview  by Mrs H. R. Carter (mother of the bride), assisted by Mr D. H. Parker (mother of the bridegroom). Mrs Carter wore an attractive frock of arcadia blue rihalane crepe with a navy hat and spray of golden roses, and Mrs Parker was attired in a handsome frock of Burgundy crepe adora finished with a shoulder spray of lighter shade and a hat to match. The bride's grandmother (Mrs R. Carter) was also present and was attired in a tasteful frock of navy sheer, with shoulder spray of lemon flowers.
     At the reception the usual toast were honoured, and numerous telegrams received from absent friends were also read. The happy couple were the recipients of many handsome and useful presents, which included many cheques.
     Later in the afternoon, Mr and Mrs Parker left by car on a honeymoon trip, the bride choosing a travelling frock of heavenly blue linen with navy coat and hat to match.
     Prior to the wedding the bride was entertained at a kitchen tea by friends and members of the Methodist Church, of which she was the assistant pianist, and at this gathering she was made the recipient of a silver sugar bowl."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 8 February 1941:
Arrino Birthday Party - Popular Twins Attain Majority - An Enjoyable Gathering
     "The Arrino Hall was well filled on Monday evening last, when Mr and Mrs C. Maley, of The Oaks, Arrino, entertained at a party in celebration of  the coming-of-age of their twin daughters (Misses Claudine and Isabel Maley), both of whom have attained distinction in the tennis world and are well known and highly popular in and around the district. Despite the sultry conditions the party proved most enjoyable, and it was with reluctance that the guest finally left in the early hours of the following morning. The hall was tastefully decorated for the occasion with a canopy of mauve and green streamers running across the width of the hall to give a pretty ceiling effect.
      Dancing was the principal feature of the night with the music being supplied by Mr and Mrs C. F. Coffey, and much appreciated vocal and elocutionary items were contributed by Mr and Mrs W. H. Burgess and Messrs J. K. Allan and W. H. G. Howard. A wonderful collection of delectable examples of the culinary art graced the supper tables and very welcome liquid refreshments were handed round at intervals during the evening.
     The chairman of the proceedings (Mr W. H. Burgess), who remarked that he was extremely happy to preside at such a gathering, said he had known Misses Claudine and Isabel Maley for a number of years and knew their many fine qualities, perhaps better than most other guests present. On behalf of all their friends he expressed to the two young ladies happy birthday greetings and best wishes for the future.
     The Rev. C. A. Walsh supported the chairman's remarks, and on behalf of absent friends particularly he also tendered greetings and good wishes and read a number of congratulatory telegrams received by the two young ladies.
     The extinguishing of the candles on a handsomely decorated birthday cake presented no difficulty to the twin sisters and after it had been cut and handed round to the large assemblage they were honoured by a toast supported by musical honours.
     Mr Maley expressed thanks for the good wishes expressed to his daughters and also for the numerous presents and the presence of the company which had made the evening so successful.
     The guests were received by Mrs Maley, who was becomingly gowned in a stylish dress of floral silk trimmed with white and ornamented with a red posy. She was assisted by Misses Claudine and Isabel Maley, who were dressed alike in dainty frocks of white novelty taffeta with bodices trimmed with shirring, and on the skirts were applique of fine old English quilting in a design of flowers and leaves. A single white flower adorned their hair. Miss Hazel Maley wore a very smart frock of orange taffeta strikingly trimmed with black on bodice, which also had a shirred vest in front, and hand-embroidered appliques in black on the shirt. Miss Freda Maley chose blue floral georgette for the occasion made with a shirred bodice and finished at the waist with a narrow blue sash. Several other younger daughters of Mr and Mrs Maley were also present as also was their grandmother (Mrs I. Angel), who appeared to quite enjoy the party and the company.
     Among the guests were the Rev. C. A. Walsh and Mrs Walsh, Mr and Mrs W. H. Burgess, Mr and Mrs R. Shaw, Mr and Mrs C. Teakle (Isseka), Mr and Mrs C. Luscombe, Mr and Mrs Bygrave, Mr and Mrs A. A. Smith, Mr and Mrs K. Mutter, Mr and Mrs H. B. Fawcett, Mr and Mrs J. Turner, Mr and Mrs J. McAuliffe, Mr and Mrs Boddington, Mr and Mrs T. K. Bickell, Mr and Mrs A. Saunders, Mr and Mrs E. Pearse sen, Mr and Mrs Harold Stacey, Mr and Mrs N. Stokes, Mr and Mrs A. Money, Mr and Mrs Ackley, Mr and Mrs W. Durack, Mr and Mrs H. J. W. Sweetman, Mr and Mrs F. Connaughton, Mr and Mrs V. Tippett, Mr and Mrs W. H. G. Howard, Mesdames Turner sen, Hutchinson (Geraldton), Wilbur Burges, McNeill, Bowtell, J. Sheppard, E. Hunt, O'Shannessy, J. McCagh, H. C. Stacey, Misses Carroll, E. Turner, M. Turner, Mag Turner and A. Turner, Humphrys, Wick, Luscombe, H. Franklin, M. Bastian, A. Bastian, A. Hunt, J. Hunt, E. McNeill, D. McNeill, M. Bowtell, J. Bowtell, B. Sheppard, E. Sheppard, Joan Hunt, Jean Saunders, Joy Saunders, F. Wilson, R. Wilson, D. O'Shannessy, Messrs P. C. Neville, C. Pell, E. Stokes, W. Stokes, K. Stokes, S. Stokes, K. Bastian, N. McNeill, T. McNeill, W. J. Turner, R. Bowtell, P. Bowtell, A. R. Sheppard, W. Sheppard, D. Hunt, G. Bickell, C. Bickell, W. Booth, I. Ruo, E. K. Wilson, W. Wilson, J. McCagh, W. McCagh, E. Franklin, W. H. Howard (Three Springs), R. Withers, S. O'Shannessy, R. O'Neill, J. K. Allan, V. Quartermaine and K. Troy (Watheroo)."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 1 March 1941:
Wedding Bells - Gersch-Sheppard - Ceremony at Three Springs
     "A pretty wedding was solemnised in St James' Church at Three Springs on Thursday afternoon of last week, the contracting parties being Mr A. Gersch, second son of Mr Gersch, of Winchester, and Miss Bessie Sheppard, second daughter of Mr and Mrs J. R. Sheppard, of Dudawa. The bridesmaids were Misses M. Bowtell and E. Sheppard, the best man was Mr Laurie Gersch, and Mr W. M. ("Bill") Sheppard (brother of the bride) officiated as groomsman. In the absence of the bride's father through indisposition the bride was given away by her brother (Mr A. Sheppard). The officiating minister was the Rev. C. A. Walsh, and for the fully choral service Mrs Walsh presided at the organ.
     Both the bride and bridesmaids looked charming in their pretty frocks, the former wearing a dress of georgette and lace with a bouquet of white lilies. The bridesmaids were dressed alike in mauve organdie.
      In the evening a wedding breakfast was held at the residence of the bride's parents and was attended by a large number of friends and relatives of the bridal party. The usual toasts incidental to such occasions were submitted and enthusiastically honoured, and the happy couple were the recipients of innumerable messages of congratulations and many useful presents."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 8 March 1941:
Wedding Bells - Humphrys-Franklin - Ceremony at Mingenew
     "A wedding of much interest in the Mingenew and Three Springs districts was solemnised in the Mingenew Methodist Church on Tuesday of last week, the contacting partied being Miss Elma Humphrys, daughter of Mr and Mrs J. C. Humphrys, of Strawberry, and Mr Evander Franklin, son of Mr and Mrs E. W. Franklin, of Three Springs. The bride was attended by Miss Hetty Franklin (sister of the bridegroom) and Miss Myra Bastian and Messrs W. Bothe and A. Campbell acted respectively as best man and groomsman, the ceremony being performed by Mr R. Raymond, of the Subiaco Church of Christ.
     The bride who was accompanied to the altar by her father was charmingly gowned in cream satin cloque fashioned with long-pointed sleeves, the corsage being appliquéd with vine leaves. A full length train was attached to the gown, and a long veil mounted on a halo composed of white feathers was also worn. A dainty horseshoe suspended from one arm, such being the gift of Mrs Bone of North Perth, and an exquisite bouquet of white Easter lilies and fern completed an attractive ensemble. The bridesmaids wore short pastel pink veils and were daintily attired in white frocks of figured organdie, the full skirts having Vandyke shirring at the waist and the bodices short puffed sleeves. The nice filigree brooches which adorned the v-shaped neckline were the gifts of the bridegroom. Both young ladies wore white lace gloves and carried bouquets of pink Easter lilies and tuber roses.
     The bride's mother (Mrs J. C. Humphrys) was gowned in black satin, velvet trimmed, the sleeves being inlet with lace, and a posy of Hadley roses was worn on the corsage. A black hat and accessories completed the toilette. Mrs E. W. Franklin (mother of the bridegroom) wore golden emblem roses on her nay dinner gown. Mrs C. Watson presided at the organ and rendered the solo "Because" during the signing of the register, the same lady and other friends of the bride having very effectively decorated the church for the happy occasion.
     After the ceremony the bridal party and a few relatives and friends adjourned to the C.W.A. Rest Room and partook of the wedding breakfast, a three-tiered cake occupying pride of place on the bridal table, having been made by Mrs Humphrys and decorated by the bride. Mr Raymond presided at the gathering, and after the customary toasts had been submitted and enthusiastically honoured the party adjourned to Three Springs, at which centre Mr and Mrs Humphrys received over one hundred guests who had assembled to join in the celebrations. All present were made the recipients of a piece of wedding cake and a toast was honoured for the newly-married couple. The major portion of the evening was devoted to dancing with the music supplied by Coffey's Orchestra, and after the supper interval Mr W. G. Jordan read numerous telegrams from absent friends. A large number of presents also testified to the extreme popularity of the happy couple. Dancing was continued until the arrival of a train bound for the city and Mr and Mrs Franklin then left amidst a shower of good wishes. The bride travelled in a smart saxe blue dress with a white embroidered bolero of the same toning and wore a small hat and accessories of air force blue."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 22 March 1941:
"The engagement is announced of Miss Ivy Howard, daughter of Mr and Mrs P. Howarad, of Three Springs, to Mr A. E. (Joe) Rojo, of Three Springs, second son of Mrs C. Rojo, of Box Hill (Victoria), and the late Mr C. W. Rojo."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 22 March 1941:
Valedictory - Gathering at Three Springs - Departure of Mr and Mrs R. Shaw
     "At the invitation of the Three Springs Road Board about two hundred residents of Three Springs, Arrino, Dudawa and Carnamah assembled at the Three Springs Hall on Thursday night of last week to bid farewell to Mr and Mrs R. Shaw prior to their departure from Three Springs, Mr Shaw having received notice of transfer to Midland Junction as manager of the English, Scottish and Australian Bank. The earlier portion of the evening was devoted to dancing but by way of diversion Mr J. K. Allan entertained those present with an elocutionary number.
     During an interval in the proceedings a dainty supper was served by the ladies, and the chairman of the Three Springs Road board (Mr C. F. Thomas jun) then explained the object of the gathering. In so doing he expressed regret at the necessity for the function for the reason that it meant the loss of two very valuable citizens. He stated that it was felt by the Three Springs Road Board that there were many residents of the district who would like to bid farewell to Mr and Mrs Shaw, and it was therefore decided to arrange the function. Judged by the attendance it was quite evident that Mr Shaw had been more than a banker during his residence of eleven years at Three Springs, for there could be no doubt that he had made many friends. He regretted very much the departure of Mr and Mrs Shaw and on behalf of the residents of the district he expressed the hope that the transfer would be of value to Mr Shaw and that his wife and family and himself would be perfectly happy and contented in their new sphere of activities.
     Mr E. W. Franklin supported the remarks of Mr Thomas and said that by the transfer of Mr Shaw from the district the Three Springs Golf Club would lose a very active and valuable member. He was a foundation member of the club and had fulfilled the duties of president for a period of five years. Speaking generally, Mr Franklin said that Mr Shaw had also been an excellent banker and a firm business friend to his many clients, and perhaps as some measure of reward he was entitled to the welcome change that he would experience by the transfer to the metropolitan area.
     Mr C. B. Thomas, manager of the Three Springs branch of the National Bank, briefly referred to his pleasant association with Mr Shaw during the period they had transacted business together at Three Springs.
     Mr A. C. Bierman, secretary of the Carnamah Road Board, in speaking on behalf of the residents of that district, said that no words could adequately express regret at the departure of a resident of the calibre of Mr Shaw, and he hoped that he would be quite happy with his wife and family in his new sphere of activities at Midland Junction.
     Mr C. E. Maley, representing the residents of Arrino and Dudawa, said that the pleasure of attending such a function was tinged with regret on account of the fact of having to bid farewell to two estimable citizens of the district in Mr and Mrs Shaw. The former arrived at Three Springs about eleven years ago in the depths of a depression, and during that time he had undoubtedly "done a good job'. At Midland Junction he may not have the same requests for assistance, but he felt quite sure that Mr Shaw was capable of meeting any of the future problems of life with satisfaction to both himself and his banking clients. He wished Mr and Mrs Shaw and family good health and a full measure of prosperity in the future years.
     Mr E. Hunt, representing the Three Springs Agricultural Society and other organisations, mentioned the valuable assistance given in past years by Mr Shaw in the arrangement and conduct of agricultural shows. He had also evinced a lively interest in football, and in this connection Mrs Shaw was also a good supporter by having co-operated with other ladies in the provision of refreshments on the playing field. He very much regretted the departure of two such excellent citizens and joined with others in wishing them all possible success in the future.
     Mr E. M. Cameron, speaking for the staff of the E. S. and A. Bank, said they were sorry to lose Mr Shaw as manager of the bank at Three Springs and also as a friend.
     Mr Shaw expressed thanks for the kindly sentiments made towards his wife and himself and also for the gathering arranged in his honour. If he had been able to assist the district in any way he was pleased, for any of his efforts had always been with that object in view. Mrs Shaw and himself had made many staunch friends whilst at Three Springs and they would carry with them the thought of many very happy associations in the district.
     Mr and Mrs Shaw were the recipients of many personal gifts as parting mementos, and on behalf of the residents of the district Mr Thomas presented them with an electric oven. Mr C. E. Maley, on behalf of the residents of Arrino and Dudawa, also presented an electric kettle and toaster to Mr and Mrs Shaw. Dancing was then resumed and continued until the early hours of the following morning, the gathering then terminating with the singing of "Auld Lang Syne.""

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 20 June 1941:
"A wedding of particular interest to local residents will be solemnised at St. George's Hall, Carnamah, tomorrow (Saturday) evening when Miss Nan Davison will say "I will" to Lieutenant D. Bowman. Mr. W. Davison, father of the bride, a cordial invitation to all friends of the bride and bridegroom to a reception to be held in the Carnamah Hall at 8.3- p.m."

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 27 June 1941:
Bowman - Davison Wedding
     "A very pretty wedding of interest to residents of the Carnamah district was solemnised in St. George's Hall on Saturday evening last, the contracting parties being Nan, the younger daughter of Mr. W. Davison and the late Mrs. Davison, of Carnamah, and Lieutenant John David Bowman, only son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Bowman, also of Carnamah.
     The bride made a charming figure as she entered the church on the arm of her father. She was gowned in white marquisette with heart-shaped neckline and basque, while the bodice and sleeves were heavily adorned with new wool embroidery. Similar embroidery was featured at the hem of the skirt and on the train. A scalloped raw-cut tulle veil was held in place by a top-knot of real orange blossoms. The bride's charming toilette was completed with a sheaf bouquet of pink and white roses.
     The bride was attended by Miss Molly Thomas, of Perth, and Miss Lesley Bowman (sister of the bridegroom). They were frocked alike in blue figured organza, with embroidery giving a smart finish. The circular skirts were finished at the hem with embroidered flowers, and they wore hair sprays to match their bouquets of pink and blue gladioli, fuchsias and hydrangeas.
     Mr. P. Thomson attended the groom as best man, while Mr. J. McCubbing carried out the duties of groomsman.
     Following the marriage ceremony the wedding breakfast was held in the Board Room, about three dozen relatives being present.
     Later in the evening a reception was held in the Carnamah Hall, the guests being received by Mrs. W. Grierson (sister of the bride), who chose for the occasion a gown of blue georgette, with silver trimmings.
The large crowd which assembled bore testimony to the popularity of the young couple, many visitors being noticed present from Coorow-Waddy Forrest and Three Springs. Included in the gathering were a number of members of the 25th Light Horse Machine Gun Malitia Unit, of which Lieutenant Bowman was commanding officer until recently, when he joined the A.I.F.
     During the course of the evening Mr. H. Dunning, the president of the Carnamah football club, presented the bride and bridegroom with a gift as a token of the esteem in which they were held by the football club. At the same time Mr. Dunning detailed how hard both the recipients had worked for the club.
The evening was spent pleasantly with dancing to music supplied by Miss Lois Carter and Mr. T. Parkin while Miss P. Collins rendered two vocal items.
     About mid-night the bride and bridegroom left by car to spend their honeymoon in the city, the bride travelling in a jumper suit of fine navy wool-de-chine, which was heavily embroidered in navy. Her ensemble was completed with smart accessories to match, and a fur cape, the gift of the bridegroom."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 2 August 1941:
Valedictory - Three Springs Function - Mr  & Mrs V. Tippett Honoured
     "At the incitation of the Three Springs Road Board there was a large attendance at the Three Springs hall on Monday night last, the occasion being a farewell social tendered to Mr and Mr V. Tippett, who will be leaving the district in the near future on account of Mr Tippett having accepted an appointment as a physical instructor at a military training school in the Eastern States. The evening took the form of dancing for which the music was supplied by Coffey's Orchestra, and after the supper interval a novel ceremony was performed by the "Froth -blowers", Mr Tippett being invested with special decorations much to the amusement of the large audience.
     The chairman of the Three Springs Road Board (Mr C. F. Thomas jun) then briefly explained the reason of the gathering, stating that his association with Mr tippet commenced ten years ago, at which time the guest was arranging boxing exhibitions at Mingenew for charitable purposes. Since taking over the management of the Commercial Hotel at Three Springs three years ago Mr and Mrs Tippett had both prominently associated themselves with the progress of the district, Mr Tippett having represented the Town Ward as a member of the Three Springs Road Board. He also took an active interest in the affairs of the Three Springs Agricultural Society and was a strong supporter of tennis, golf and football. He also commenced a physical instruction class at Three Springs and was largely responsible for the erection of the Athletic Hall, and lately he had assisted in the training of members of the home Guard, unselfishly giving time for this work whilst spending week-end leave at Three Springs. With the residents of the district generally he very much regretted the departure of Mr and Mrs Tippett, and in wishing them a successful career in the future he expressed the hope that it might be possible for them to return to Three Springs at the conclusion of the war.
     The Rev. Father Lynch said that he would always retain the most pleasant memories of his association with Mr and Mrs Tippett, the former having given much of his time to assist anything with a charitable nature. By her kindly nature Mrs Tippett had also endeared herself to all sections of the community, and he felt that the large assemblage testified in no uncertain manner to the extreme popularity of the two guests of honour. Mr Tippett had offered his services to the country in a great national crisis, and he wished him a successful military career.
      Mr W.G. Jordan said that as a customer of the hotel conducted by Mr and Mrs Tippett he was always pleased to see the bright smile of the latter. Mr Tippett had been an exceptionally good citizen and he congratulated him on the keen interest he had always displayed in the general affairs of the district.
      Mr A.J. Ferguson said it as an extreme pleasure to pay tribute to the guests of honour, although he was sorry that they were leaving the district. Mr Tippett had volunteered to train the school children in physical culture and had done excellent work in this respect. He also desired to express appreciation of the interest taken by Mr Tippett in the act ivies of the Home Guard.
      Mr Graham, a commercial traveller, paid tribute to the hospitality always dispensed at the Commercial Hotel by Mr and Mrs Tippett, stating that whilst they were in charge of the hotel travellers appeared to make the place a home. He also expressed best wishes for the future welfare of the guests of the evening.
     At this stage of proceedings Mr Thomas made two presentations to the guests, handing to Mr Tippett a travelling rug and to Mrs Tippett a dressing case and remarking that with the gifts went the best wishes of all sections of the community.
     Mr Tippett commenced his response by stating that he was reminded of the old saying - "Some men are born with honour, some acquire it as they go through life, and others have it thrust upon them." He thought that he might be placed in the latter category for he was speaking with very mixed feelings, regret at leaving so many good friends and proud of the fact that Mrs Tippet and himself had been honoured with such a gathering. He expressed thanks to the Three Springs Road Board for having arranged the function and to the various speakers for the eulogistic references to Mrs Tippett and himself, stating that anything they had done had been undertaken in a spirit of citizenship and duty. He had taken into consideration many things when deciding to offer his services to the country, and he desired to publicly express appreciation of Mr J.J. Thorpe as an employer, who had proved himself an understanding friend when advised of the decision to le3ave the hotel for military duties. He also wished to thank the hotel staff for the co-operation always given to Mrs Tippett and himself and to state that his life's partner (Mrs Tippett) had been a wonderful asset and inspiration to his work. To her, perhaps indirectly, all thanks was due for anything he might have accomplished for the community, for during frequent absences necessitated by social and other activities Mrs Tippett had very capably fulfilled his duties as well as his own. In his concluding remarks Mr Tippett expressed thanks for the presentations, stating that such would always serve to remind Mrs Tippett and himself of the many sterling friends they had made at Three Springs.
      Amongst those present at the gathering were the Rev. Father Lynch and Rev. C. A. Walsh, Dr and Mrs Mayrhofer, Mr  & Mrs W. G. Jordan, Mr & Mrs W. A. Duncan, Mr & Mrs A. Smith, Mr and Mrs L. Durack, Mr & Mrs W. Durack, Mr & Mrs A. Bastian, Mr & Mrs G. Meyer, Mr & Mrs A. Saggers, Mr & Mrs M. M. Wilson, Mr & Mrs J. Evans, Mr & Mrs H. R. Goodridge, Mr & Mrs C. B. Thomas, Mr & Mrs T. Mann, Mr & Mrs R. Ellery, Mr & Mrs P. Devitt, Mr & Mrs E. W. Franklin, Mr & Mrs N. McKenzie, Mr & Mrs J. K. Hebiton jun, Mr & Mrs C. M. Maley, Mr & Mrs T. Bygrave, Mr & Mrs A.M. Williamson, Mr & Mrs N. Howard, Mr & Mrs A. W. Potts, Mr & Mrs J. B. Kuhnberg, Mesdames E. G. Pretty, H. Boler, F. Arndt, M. M. Watson, I. Cole, Misses A. McKenzie, Myra Bastian, Bussenschutt, Bateman, Sarjeant, L. Luscombe, Connolly, L. Arndt, Mary Howard, Ivy Howard, G. Andrews, H. Byrne, Lois Carter, A. Turner, Barbara Fogarty, Margaret Ferguson and Messrs C.F. Thomas jun, A. Caldow, G. H. Bickford, Grahams, A. C. Ferguson. J. J. Thorpe, W. Turner, E. Burge, W. Sheppard, K. Bastian, G. Farrell, A. Wimbridge, D. Hunt, R. Smith, K. Byrne, K. S. Glyde, C. E. Maley and others."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 18 October 1941:
Angel-Connolly - Ceremony at Three Springs
     "There was a large congregation present at St. James' Church, Three Springs, on Tuesday, October 7th, at the wedding of two popular residents of the Arrino district, the contracting parties being Mr Len Angel, of Arrino, and Miss Alice Connolly, third daughter of the late Mr and Mrs Robert Connolly, of Arrino.
     The Rev A. C. Walsh (Rector of Three Springs) was the officiating minister, and Mrs Walsh presided at the organ. The bride, who entered the church on the arm of her brother (Mr Cyril Connolly), looked charming in a dress of white slipper satin, with a long embroidered train, and a three tiered veil. She carried a bouquet of lilies, orange blossoms and tuber roses. She was attended as bridesmaid by her sister (Miss Olive Connolly) who had travelled specially from Perth for the occasion. Miss Connolly wore a simple pink frock of georgette, embroidered in sequins, with an Elizabethan head-dress adorned with sprays of pink flowers, and she carried a sheaf of pink gladiolis and roses. Mr Kevin Bastian acted as best man.
     After the ceremony the newly married couple first paid a visit to an old friend in the person of Mrs M. M. Watson, who was unable to be present at the wedding ceremony through indisposition, before proceeding to the home of Mrs A. A. Smith (sister of the bride) where a sumptuous wedding breakfast had been prepared. Mr J. K. Allan acted as chairman. Subsequently the chairman proposed the health of the bride and bridegroom, and on behalf of his wife and himself and the many friends of the young couple in the Arrino district he wished them long life and happiness in their new life. The toast was suitably acknowledged by the bridegroom, who in turn proposed the health of the bridesmaid (Miss Olive Connolly), to which the response was made by the best man (Mr Kevin Bastian). Mr W. D. S. Smith proposed a silent toast to the deceased parents of the bride, which was honoured by the guests standing. The toast of the host and the hostess (Mr and Mrs A. A. Smith) was proposed by the Rev. C. A. Walsh, and acknowledged by Mr Smith. The final toast, that of the chairman was proposed by the bridegroom, and Mr Allan briefly responded. The young couple then departed to join the train for Perth.
     On the previous Saturday a kitchen tea was tendered to the prospective bride by her numerous friends and relatives at Arrino Hall, there being a very large attendance. Numerous valuable and useful presents were brought by friends. A lengthy dancing programme was thoroughly enjoyed, the music being supplied be Miss Lois Carter (pianist) and Mr W. H. Howard (drums and effects), with Mr W. McCagh efficiently discharging the duties of master of ceremonies. After a daintily supper Mr J. Allan proposed the toast of the prospective bride and bridegroom, speaking in eulogistic terms of the active support they had always given to all social and patriotic functions. They were keen devotees of sport, and were particularly interested in tennis. On behalf of their many friends he tendered them every good wish for their future happiness. The function continued to the small hours of the morning."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 20 December 1941:
Valedictory - Three Springs Function - Farewell to Soldier
     "In the Three Springs Hall on Friday night of last week Private Wigham, who recently enlisted for service with the A.I.F. was the guest of honour at a farewell function arranged in his honour by the Three Springs Road Board. There was quite a large attendance of friends and well-wishers, the major portion of the enjoyable evening being devoted to dancing, for which the music was supplied by Coffey's Orchestra. During an interval in the proceedings the chairman of the Three Springs Road Board (Mr C .F. Thomas) referred in eulogistic terms to the manly qualities of Private Wigham, and in wishing him good fortune in his overseas career he expressed the hope that at some future date he would return fit and well to Three Springs. On behalf of the citizens of the district he then presented to Private Wigham a wallet containing a cheque.
     Mr A. M. Williamson, in whose employ Private Wigham had been for a period of nine years, referred to the kindly nature and excellent character of the guest of honour. On account of having been twice rejected for overseas service, he thought that the determination of Private Wigham to serve the country should serve as a striking example to others. He congratulated the guest on having a accomplished his objective and concluded by expressing the hope that at some future date he would be able to join in welcoming him back in Three Springs.
     In acknowledging the presentation and the kindly reference regarding his future welfare, Private Wigham said that he appreciated to the fullest possible extent the gathering that had been arranged in his honour. He would endeavour to serve to the best of his ability whilst overseas and at some future date hoped to return to his friends at Three Springs. He hoped that in the interim the war would not be brought to the shores of Australia.
      At an interval in the dancing supper was served by the members of the Women's Voluntary National Register, a bright night eventually terminating with the singing of "Auld Lang Syne".
     Private Wigham was also the recipient of a gift from Mr and Mrs A. R. Strutton and daughter (Shirley)."

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 23 January 1942:
Continuous Black-out - For Carnamah
     At the Carnamah Road Board meeting on Wednesday it was unanimously decided that in future street lights will be dispensed with, and black-out conditions will prevail in Carnamah.
     In the general discussion which ensued, before a motion to this effect was moved by Mr Forrester, and seconded by Mr Bryant - Mr Lucas pointed out that Carnamah and Moora would probably be the two main military objectives between Geraldton and Bullsbrook on account of the oil depots situated at each centre. Mr Lucas also said that the oil depots would make wonderful targets on a bright moonlight night, and he thought the government should do something to camouflage them.
     The Press was asked to assist in this matter, and to solicit the co-operation of house-holders in seeing that windows, etc. are effectively shaded. The war is drawing nearer every day and we cannot stress too much the necessity for every precaution.

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 24 January 1942:
Valedictory - A Recruit Farewelled - Gathering at Three Springs
     "There was a large gathering at the Three Springs Hall on Saturday evening last to bid farewell to Mr A.E. Rojo prior to his departure to undergo military training with a unit of the A.I.F. in the East. For some time past Mr Rojo has been associated with the Thrift Stores at Three Springs as a partner in the business and his departure from the district will be felt in many areas. During his sojourn in Three Springs he became quite a popular figure in the community was always a particularly keen worker for all social, sporting and charitable organisations.
     The earlier portion of the evening was devoted to dancing and during the supper interval the chairman of the Three Springs Road Board (Mr C. F. Thomas), on behalf of the residents of the district, presented the guest of honour with a wallet of bank notes, at the same time wishing him all possible success in his military career and a safe and speedy return to civilian life.
     Mr E. Hunt, on behalf of the sporting community, expressed regret that the district was losing such an ardent worker as Mr Rojo. He wished the departing gentleman all possible success in his new sphere of activities and hoped that the time would not be far distant when he would return to Three Springs.
     Mr A. M. Williamson, speaking on behalf of the ex-servicemen in the district, extended the assurance to Mr Rojo that the R.S.L. would still be functioning when the men returned from military service and would be in readiness to help them to resume activities in civil life.
     Mr Rojo suitably acknowledged the expression of goodwill by the various speakers and also returned thanks for the presentation. He said that even though he would be leaving many good friends he felt that he had a duty to perform, but at the same time he was hopeful that it would not be long before he would be able to return to Three Springs."

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 13 February 1942:
Air Observation Corp
"On Tuesday of this week the Air Observation Corp at Carnamah commenced duty, the daylight shift being taken by Mesdames C. Robertson, H. Rowland and P. J. Bettridge. The night shift was taken by Messrs. M. Sheridan, H. Reibeling and G. A. Ferguson. There are probably a few minor difficulties to overcome before the Corp settles into a steady routine, but generally speaking, the arrangements have worked out quite satisfactory. Three are still plenty of vacancies in the Corp for volunteers. As a watch has to be kept for twenty-four hours a day, the more who volunteer makes the work of the other members easier."
[Note: a copy of this article can be found on image 04066]

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 13 February 1942:
Black-out Effective
"In common with all towns within a hundred miles of the coast, black-out conditions were observed in Carnamah on Wednesday evening. Mr. A. C. Bierman, the secretary of the Carnamah Road Board, announced yesterday morning that the arrangements were carried out very effectively, and offences against the regulations were very few. The majority of the residents turned their lights out at the main switch, and sat outside until the all-clear signal was given. In a few cases house-holders took the precaution of blacking-out certain rooms and testing them out, and they will undoubtedly profit by their experience. We think that every resident should take steps to black-out at least one room in their houses." [Note: a copy of this article can be found on image 04067]

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 13 February 1942:
Letters from Abroad
"The following letters have been received by the Carnamah Girls' Club in appreciation of the Christmas parcels which they forwarded to members of the forces serving overseas:-
WX9627 Pte Geo. Clark, 2/28 Batt., Abroad.
I am glad to be able to take the opportunity of thanking you for the Christmas parcel I received from you. Wishing the Club the very best of good luck in the future.
NX70505, N/S Violet Haig, 10 A G.H. A.I.F. Malaya
"The parcel of books and sweets has arrived safely and has been very much appreciated. Very many thanks to you all. It was ever so kind of you to think of me. Since the Japanese decided to visit us the evenings have been rather dull, contributed to by the paucity of illumination. There is a brown-out every night and of course during an air raid - a complete black-out. We noticed all this very much at first but now we feel like old war veterans and are quite prepared for anything. The actual fireworks are not very far from us but everyone fells quite confident as to the outcome of it all. The news from the Middle East is much cheering and according to "general opinion" ours will be the same ere long. I trust you will all spend a happy Christmas and enjoy a brighter 1942.
No. 7208, L.A.C. Frank Lucas, Royal Australian Air Force, Darwin
Thank you very much for the parcel of books and sweets which I received recently. Both the books and sweets were very acceptable, and were appreciated by several others besides myself. As I have no idea as to whom I am writing this note, I am rather handicapped, so I'll have to ask you to excuse the briefness of it. Wishing you all, every success, also a very Merry Xmas and a Happy and Prosperous New Year.
Aus. No. 16130 J. W. Dixon, Royal Australian Air Force, 70 Squadron, Royal Air Force, Middle East
Please convey to your fellow members my most sincere thanks for your parcel which arrived here this afternoon. Also the general thanks of 70 Squadron Workshop, as I wasn't nearly "numerous" enough on my own to stop the general rush. It has least given me a respite to write a letter or two. I got away with one book myself, also some "chewie" and the sweets. Some wag is now singing "Oh Mother, this Carnamah is a Wonderful Place!" Many a true word is spoken in jest. I had another parcel from Carnamah containing shortbread from Mrs. Bowman. It had a disastrous effect on the Scotch element - (you in Carnamah have not the monopoly) - it made them all sick. Home sick! As a matter of fact we, the few Australians here, have a decided advantage, on the other fellows in matters of mail and our parcels are more numerous than theirs. Still, we always try to be as generous as our evil natures will let us be. Candidly though, books are a blessing, for if someone pinches a book you have a reasonable (fairly) chance of getting it back, but edibles, no! In all sincerity, the feeling that your club has succeeded in conveying to me is quite beyond my ability to express. I can only say that I feel like one of the kids I have so often seen get something he or she so much wanted, off the Carnamah Christmas tree. Enough! I should like to convey through your members my very best wishes for the coming new year to me many friends in Carnamah. Black as things look just at the time of writing, one can only be tempted to say, the darkest hour is just before the dawn.
WX416 Cpl. T. A. Lucas, H. Q. Coy., 2/11th Bn., Abroad
I am writing to you hoping you will thank the Carnamah Girls' Club for me for the Christmas present which they sent to me. The boys and myself enjoyed it very much. I will try and give an idea what Syria is like. The weather is bitterly cold, and we have had two falls of snow so far, and a lot more to come by the look of the weather to-night. Damascus is a very nice place, quite a change from the Arab places in Palestine, Egypt and Libya. Of course most of the Arabs here are Christians and it seems to make all the difference. Beirut is half French and half Arab, as most places here are. The country is very much like Greece - mountains and plains. One will climb for an hour or more to get to the top of the mountains and then you can see the road winding and twisting for miles down to the plains. Please wish all the girls in the club a Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year for me and once again thanking you all."

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 13 February 1942:
Sid Bennett and Jack Morris together in Middle East
"The following letter was recently received by Mr. G. Threadgold, of Five Gums, from Private Jack Morris, and he handed it to the Girls' Club. Although he was not too well known in Carnamah Private Morris worked for Mr. Threadgold for some time and spent his pre-embarkation leave at Carnamah. He was accorded a send off with Pts. E. Haig, S. Bennett, G. Clark and H. Anderson.
WX9621 Private B. Morris, 32nd Coy., 24th A.I.T.B., Abroad
As you can see from the address I am now abroad. We came over here on one of the biggest liners in the world; sorry I can't tell you the name, but believe me it was the best I ever saw, just like a floating palace. We had a good trip over; the sea was calm and the weather was good. We have now been in this camp nearly 4 weeks' it's not a bad place, but of course nothing to what Northam was, but then we did not expect it to be. The food is good - plenty of good stew twice a day and roast beef the other meal. The natives here are about the dirtiest in the world. They come round our camp and have a feed out of the pig tins. We marched through one of their villages the other day and the smell was enough to make one sick. They all live together with their dogs, donkeys and camels so you can guess what it's like. It is now winter over here and it gets very cold at night and early morning and we are getting quite a lot of rain. The natives, or as we call them, Wogs, are now busy getting their crops in. They are just like the Aussie farmer, going from day-light to dark. They do all their ploughing with a wooden plough pulled by one camel and broadcast the seed. There are no fences but the stock never seem to get on the crops. I saw a mob of lambs and ewes this afternoon, the lambs were fine and strong but the ewes were not much to look at. They are more like cross breds and have very course wool. Well, Glen, how did the crops turn out this year, I hope they were good? It's now only three days to Xmas but it will be quite different from the last one when I was in Carnamah as there won't be quite so much beer. We can only buy one bottle every second day and it costs 60 mills a bottle. Mills are the local money and go 800 to the Aussie pound. They take quite a lot of getting used to. Sid Bennett is still with me and is in the same tent; he wishes to be remembered to you. It is night as I write this and as the light is poor you will have to excuse the writing. We are living twelve men to a tent; the other boys are all playing cards and the noise they are making is great. Sid is about the loudest; he told me to tell you he is cleaning the boys up at 10 mills a time. Some of us got parcels today for Christmas. I got one from the Carnamah Girls' Club. Sid got one also. You should have seen us opening them, we were just like kids with Xmas stockings looking to see what the others had got. We have decided to pool the cake, etc., and have a bit of a party Christmas Eve. Glen, when you go to Carnamah, will you thank the Girls' Club for me, Miss Parkin is the secretary. How is Leo Green and his wife? Please give them my regards and I will write to them later."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 28 March 1942:
Wedding Bells - Campbell-Bastian - Ceremony at Three Springs
     "St James' Church at Three Springs was the scene of a very pretty wedding on Tuesday evening last, when Miss Myra Bastian, daughter of Mr and Mrs A. Bastian, of Three Springs and Geraldton, and Mr A. S. Campbell, son of Mr and Mrs W. Campbell, of Mulroy Yandanooka. The Rev. C. A. Walsh officiated and Mrs Walsh presided at the organ.
     The bride was given away by her father, and made an attractive study in white georgette, the tightly fitting bodice being hip-length with all-over white wool embroidery and the skirt falling very full from the hip-line. Her filmy tulle veil, loaned by her sister (Mrs C. Box, of Corrigin), worn over her face on entering the church, was thrown back on leaving, and she carried a bouquet of cream roses and frangipani. The bride was attended by her sister (Miss Nonie Bastian), who was daintily attired in pale pink and white patterned organza. A pale pink tulle veil worn shoulder length adorned her head and was held in place with a matching coronet of palest pink feathers. She carried a posy of pink roses. Mr Scott Campbell supported the bridegroom.
     After the ceremony the bride's parents entertained relatives and a few intimate friends of the young couple at the Commercial Hotel. A dainty repast was served and the customary toasts honoured, speakers making feeling reference to the departure of the bride from the district, where she has spent her childhood. Later the bride and bridegroom, midst a shower of good wishes from friend, left for their honeymoon, the bride travelling in an American figured crepe silk suit, with which was worn a smart black velvet toque with matching shoes, gloves and handbag. Mr and Mrs Campbell will make their future home in Mundijong."

From The North Midland Times newspaper, April 1942:
Carnamah District Road Board - Evacuation Plan
"A deputation from the V.D.C. consisting of Messrs. John Bowman, W. A. T. Sargent, M. B. Clark and J. Lawson waited on the Board in connection with formulating an evacuation in the event of an invasion.
A lengthy discussion took place on this matter, and it was eventually decided that the V.D.C. draw up plans for a mass evacuation from the district. The Board will co-operate in any way possible. It is hoped by having plans prepared confusion will be avoided."

From The Irwin Index newspaper, Saturday 16 May 1942:
Three Springs Function - Departure of Rev. and Mrs C. A. Walsh
"In honour of the Rev. and Mrs C. A. Walsh, who left the district on Tuesday last for Kalgoorlie, a valedictory function was held in the Three Springs Hall during the previous evening and was attended by a large number of residents of that portion of the North Midlands parish and also visitors from Carnamah and Arrino. The Venerable Archdeacon C. E. Storrs of Northam was also present and during the evening made eulogistic reference to the sterling qualities of the Rev. and Mrs Walsh. Other speakers were Messrs R. Withers (Vestry), J. Kuhnberg (Red Cross Society and North Midlands Hospital Board), and A. W. Potts (Guild), and on behalf of the residents of Three Springs and district Mr C. Maley presented a cheque to the Rev. Walsh, who acknowledged the gift in an appropriate response. Mrs Walsh was also made the recipient of a gift from the pupils of the Sunday School. After the serving of supper dancing was resumed and continued for a couple of hours after midnight to music supplied by Miss L. Carter, who was assisted by Mrs Wells (Carnamah), Mrs E. L. Franklin and Miss Bussenschutt."

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 10 July 1942:
Horse Rears - Falls in Rider - Accident at Carnamah
    "The decision of Mr. and Mrs. W. Grierson, Mr. W. Davison and Mrs. D. Bowman to take some snaps on Monday afternoon had unfortunate results, which landed Mr. Davison and Mrs. Bowman in the North Midlands District Hospital.
     It would appear that as usual last Sunday, Mr. Grierson attended the parade of the mounted section of the Carnamah V.D.C., and remained in town until Monday afternoon. Before returning to his home at Prowaka it was decided to take some snaps, and Mr. Grierson had his photo taken on his horse, which he had ridden at the parade the previous day. Upon his dismounting it was suggested that Mrs. Bowman should also have her photo taken on the horse. Mr. Grierson stood at the horse's head while his sister-in-law prepared to mount. No sooner had she settled herself in the saddle, however, than the animal reared up, and fell back on the rider. The accident occurred so suddenly that Mr. Grierson found that he still had hold of the horses head when it fell to the ground, and he endeavoured to roll the animal off the victim. Mr. Davison, who had been standing near by, immediately rushed to the assistance of his daughter, and in endeavouring to grasp the animal's leg to help roll it off the rider, he was severely kicked in the shoulder. In plunging and striking, which trying to regain its feet, the horse inflicted painful injuries on the rider.
     The victims were conveyed to the North Midlands District Hospital at Three Springs, where it was discovered that Mr. Davison was suffering from a dislocated shoulder, while Mrs. Bowman was suffering from shock and severe bruising.
     It is thought that the horse, which under normal circumstances is quite docile, became alarmed by the flapping of Mrs. Bowman's skirt. When it reared up the rider evidently held tightly to the reins and the curb bit which was used helped materially to make the animal fall backwards."

From The North Midland Times newspaper, Friday 4 September 1942:
"What would you do if enemy aircraft appeared in the region? The first thing most would do would be to stand staring up at it, and that's the natural thing to do. But it might not be good for the well-being of the community. Upturned white faces show up well to airmen, they say. The best thing is to keep under cover, and then perhaps the airmen might think Carnamah is empty, everybody having gone shopping to Winchester of Billeroo, perhaps."

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